Drum screen, with large volume, is a cylinder. It mainly consists of the motor, reducer, drum device, screen, frame, sealing cover, inlet and outlet. The drum device must be equipped with a steel ring to prevent the deformation of the drum screen.
It is widely used in the screening of raw coal, crushed stone and other materials in alumina plants, power plants, coking plants, cement, mining, metallurgy, building materials, coal chemical industries, etc. It is key screening equipment in the coal chemical industry.
Linear screens mainly screen fine particles with light specific gravity and low-hardness, mainly dry materials. They are usually used in food, chemical, building materials, and pharmaceutical industries.
When the materials are fed into the drum screen, due to its tilt and rotation, qualified materials (undersize product) are discharged through the discharging port at the bottom of the rear end of the drum, while unqualified materials (oversize product) are discharged through the other discharge port.
The linear vibrating screen adopts a vibrating motor as the vibration source, so the material is thrown up on the screen. Then several specifications of undersize products and oversize products are produced through the multi-layer screen. Finally, they are discharged from their respective outlets.
Generally, the inclination of the drum screen is 5-30. It is generally close to 30 for light and fine materials. When the material is heavier, it can be less than 20, and in special cases, 5-10.
The inclination of the circular vibrating screen is suitable when it is 20, and the general range is between 16-20. If the inclination angle is less than 16, the material on the screen may not move smoothly or roll upward.
The vibrating screen is screening equipment with a vibrating motor as the vibration source, so its screening accuracy is high. The trommel screen is high-output screening equipment with the screening accuracy not as high as the vibrating screen.
As for the circular vibrating screen, the material moves in a parabolic circular trajectory on the screen surface, so the material is dispersed as much as possible to improve the material's bounce force.
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Gaofu is a Chinese industrial company that provides mining screening equipment and services for mining, aggregate, recycling and processing industries. With our rich knowledge and reasonable solutions, we help our customers improve efficiency, reduce risks and increase profitability.
Whatever your process requires, Gaofu has the right mining screening equipment to meet your requirements.SZF series linear vibrating screens are used for screening materials with a particle size of 0.074-10mm. Advanced technologies were introduced for GLS series probability screens from Germany and Spain. Through our optimized design, we can provide higher sieving efficiency. GFVD series dewatering sieve is suitable for slurry material and tailings dewatering. YK series and ZSG series mine sieving equipment is suitable for sieving large size materials after crushing, and has the characteristics of large processing capacity and convenient maintenance. All screens can be used as a standalone unit, or in a multi-stage process.
In China, there are many mining screen manufacturers, but Gaofu is always highly praised because it has created a series of screening solutions for the mining industry using its extensive product knowledge, rich industry experience and outstanding design expertise. Gaofu always deems high-end quality and service loyalty as its purpose, strictly implements industry standards and international standards, strictly controls quality at the source of raw materials, and conducts random checks at any time during the production process. After the equipment is assembled, it will be tested for 24 hours before the factory starts operation.
Our screening solutions can provide a high proportion of hard ore and grind a large amount of materials, thereby providing reliable performance. Modular and fast-available spare parts and wearing parts are combined with the low-stress screen body to provide the longest lifetime.
Gaofu develops and produces each machine based on market demand, which fully meets the needs of various industries. Whether for the coarse screening before crushing or fine screening after crushing, Gaofu provides corresponding models to satisfying the needs of customers, so that customers can achieve one-stop shopping, improve customer satisfaction, and reduce procurement costs. Therefore, Gaofu is not only a mining screen equipment manufacturer, but also a partner of customers, because Gaofu ultimately improves the quality of customers products and ensures the maximization of customers interests.
According to different structure and use, vibrating screens usually be devided into many types by the vibrating screen manufacturers. Below wil introduce the top 10 vibrating screens, and how to choose the right vibratory screen?
linear vibrating screen is driven by double vibrating motors. When the two vibrating motors are rotating synchronously and reversely, the excitation force generated by the eccentric block offsets each other in the direction parallel to the axis of the motor, and overlaps into a resultant force in the direction perpendicular to the axis of the motor, so the motion track of the linear vibrating screen machine is a straight line.
Working Principle:The two motor axes of the linear vibrating screen have an angle of inclination in the vertical direction relative to the screen panel. Under the combined force of the exciting force and the self gravity of the material, the material is thrown on the screen surface to jump or move forward in a straight line. Through the multi-layer screen panels, a variety of specifications of materials are generated, and discharged from their respective outlets, so as to achieve screening and classification. linear vibrating screen is suitable for screening various dry powder or granular materials with particle size of 0.074-5mm, moisture content <7%, and no viscosity. The feed particle size is not more than 10 mm.
Circular vibrating screen is a new type of vibrating screen with multi-layer screen and high efficiency. According to the type of materials and the requirements of users, the high manganese steel woven screen, punched screen plate and rubber screen plate can be used. The circular vibrating screen is installed in the seat type. The adjustment of the screen surface angle can be realized by changing the position and height of the spring support.
Working Principle: The motion track of the screen box of the circular vibrating screen is circular. The circular vibrating screen uses the inertia exciter to produce vibration. The main shaft fixed on the screen box is driven by the motor to rotate at high speed, and the eccentric body installed on the main shaft rotates with it, generating centrifugal inertia force, so that the screen box that can freely vibrate will produce vibration similar to the circular track.
Circular vibrating screen is widely used in the materials classification of mining, building materials, transportation, energy, chemical industry and other industries because of its long flowing line and many screening specifications.
Elliptical vibrating screen is a vibrating screen with elliptical motion track (Elliptical Shale Shaker), which has the advantages of high efficiency, high screening accuracy and wide range of application. Compared with the ordinary sieve machine of the same specification, it has larger processing capacity and higher screening efficiency.
Triaxial elliptical vibrating screen is widely used for the screening operation of sand and stone materials in sand plant. It is the ideal screening equipment for all kinds of mines, quarries and mobile screening stations.
Working Principle: The power is transmitted from the motor to the main shaft of the exciter and the gear vibrator (speed ratio is 1) through the V-belt, so that the three shafts can rotate at the same speed and generate the exciting force. The exciter is connected with the high-strength bolts of the screen box, resulting in elliptical movement.
Materials on the screens do high-speed elliptical movement along with the screen machine, so as to achieve uickly separate, sift and move forward, and ultimately complete the classification of materials.
The working surface of the roller screen is composed of a series of rolling shafts that arranged horizontally, on which there are many screen plates. When working, the fine material passes through the gap between the roller or screen plate, large blocks of materials are driven by rollers, moving to the ends and discharging from the outlets. Roller screens are mostly used in the traditional coal industry.
Working Principle: For the rolling shafts are arranged according to different working angles, the speed of the material is faster when it runs in the position with higher working angle; the speed of the material is slower when it runs in the position with lower working angle.
When two kinds of materials running at different speeds converge at a certain position on the screen surface, they start to move axially, so that the materials are evenly distributed on the screen surface, and the screening efficiency is improved.
Rotary vibrating screen is mainly used for the classification of materials with high screening efficiency and fine screening accuracy. Fully closed structure, no flying powder, no leakage of liquid, no blocking of mesh, automatic discharge, no material storage in the machine, no dead angle of grid structure, increased screen area.
Any particle, powder and mucus can be screened within a certain range. Sieve to 500 mesh or 0.028mm, filter to 5 microns minimum. It can be used for classification, classification and filtration in food, chemical, metal, mining and other industries.
With the help of the heavy hammer installed at the upper and lower ends of the motor shaft, the rotary motion of the motor is transformed into a horizontal, vertical and inclined three-dimensional motion, which is then transmitted to the screen surface to make the material do an outward involute motion on the screen surface. Working Principle: After the rotary screen is started, the eccentric blocks of different phases at the upper and lower ends of the vibrating motor generate a composite inertia force, which forces the vibrating body of the rotary screen machine to rotate again and again, and the screen frame continuously moves to and fro under the action of the vibration force, and then drives the screen surface to vibrate periodically, so that the materials on the screen surface move in a positive and directional manner together with the screen box. Materials smaller than the screen meshes fall to the lower layer, and the materials larger than the screen meshes discharged from the discharge port.
High frequency vibrating screen is also called high frequency screen for short. High frequency vibrating screen (high frequency screen) is composed of exciter, pulp distributor, screen frame, supporting, suspension spring and screen, etc. High frequency vibrating screen is the most important screening machine in mineral processing industry, which is suitable for completely wet or dry raw materials.
Working Principle: Different from ordinary screening equipments, high frequency screen adopts high frequency, which destroys the tension on the pulp surface and makes the fine materials vibrate at high speed on the screen, accelerates the separation of useful minerals with large density (specific gravity), and increases the probability of contact between the materials with smaller than the separated particle size and the screen holes.
As a result, high frequency screen results in a better separation conditions, which makes the materials that smaller than the separation size (especially with larger specific gravity), and pulp pass through the screen holes together to complete the screening. High-frequency vibrating screen is usually operated at an inclined angle 0-25, up to 45, and the operating frequency range is 1500-7200r/m.
Grizzly screen has simple and solid structure, no power consumption, no moving parts, low equipment cost and convenient maintenance, but the productivity is low, the screening efficiency is not high, generally 50% 60%, and the mesh is easy to be blocked.
Working Principle: Generally, the grizzly screen is placed in an inclined position, and the materials are dumped at the high end. Under the action of its own weight, it slides down the screen surface, and the particles smaller than the gap or hole on the screen surface pass through the screen to achieve classification.
Banana screen is mainly suitable for the classification of large and medium-sized materials with high content of fine particles, and it can also be used for dehydration, demineralization and desliming.
Working Principle: During operation, the motor is connected with the vibration exciter through the V-belt or soft connection. The motor drives the eccentric shaft to rotate to generate centrifugal inertia force, which forces the screen box to vibrate. After the materials fall into the screen from the feeding inlet, they move forward rapidly under the action of the vibration force, loosely and pass through the screen.The thickness of the material layer of banana screen from the feeding inlet to the discharging outlet is constant. The ratio of the material quantity to the flow speed on the screen of each section is stable, the material layer is high and uniform. The screening efficiency of banana screen is higher, which is 1-2 times higher than that of other screening machines with the same effective area.
Heavy inclined screen can be applied to the treatment of debris from quarry, mine and building demolition, the treatment of topsoil, the recycling of construction materials, the screening of gravel, and the screening of gravel and aggregates.
Working Principle: The screen box shaft is driven by the motor installed on the auxiliary frame through three V-belts, the auxiliary frame is rigidly connected with the machine underframe, and the screen box spring is used to support the screen box.Inclined screen usually adopts 2-4-layer screen panels, and is fixed on the inclined frame at an angle between 15 and 30. The material can be screened into 3-5 grades at the same time.
Horizontal screen has the advantages of both inclined screen and linear vibrating screen. horizontal screen has the features of good screen permeability, large processing capacity and small installation height.
The installation angle of common vibrating screen is 15-30, while the installation of horizontal screen is parallel to the ground, or slightly inclined 0-5. Horizontal screen is an ideal equipment for all kinds of mines, quarries and mobile screening stations.
Working Principle: Horizontal screen is designed with oval stroke. The advantage of this design is that it can change the oval big diameter length and angle of throwing material stroke to meet the best needs of vibrating screen. The oval stroke is easy to adjust by center gear, counterweight wheel and motor speed.
Different types of vibrating screens can be used for the same material to get different screening effects. The reasonable selection of vibrating screen is an effective way to improve vibration efficiency and maximize economic benefits. Generally, you need to consider the following 5 tips:
When choosing vibratory screen, the material characteristics should be taken into account, including the content of material particles under the screen, the content of difficult screen particles, material moisture, the shape and specific gravity of the material, and the content of clay.
Tips: Heavy vibrating screen is used for materials above 200mm; circular vibrating screen is used for materials above 10mm; linear vibrating screen and high frequency vibrating screen are used for desliming, dewatering and grading.
When selecting the vibratory screen, the screen areas, layer numbers, shape, size and area ratio of the screen holes, as well as the motion mode, vibration frequency and amplitude of the vibrating screen should also be considered.
Tips: In order to keep the screens under good working conditions, the ratio of screen length to width should be in the range of 2-3; when there is much viscous mud and high moisture in the material, double deck screens should be avoided as far as possible.
Vibratory screens need to be selected according to different screening purposes. If it is necessary to pre screen materials, circular vibrating screens are generally used; for the classification and screening of crushed materials, large vibrating screens and probability screens are selected; for the deionization and dehydration of materials, linear vibrating screens are better; if it is necessary to desliminate and clean up materials, probability screens are used.
When selecting the shale shakers, it also needs to be considered according to the processing capacity of the production line, screening method, screening efficiency and the tilt angle of the shale shakers.
Professional vibrating screen manufacturers could provide competitive vibrating screen price, diversity customized vibrating screen models, timely after-sales service, spare parts and can continue to provide services for customers whole production circle.
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