guide of alluvial gold mining process and alluvial gold equipment used in the alluvial gold washing plant - xinhai

guide of alluvial gold mining process and alluvial gold equipment used in the alluvial gold washing plant - xinhai

The rock gold in the mountain is separated from the quartz vein caused by water erosion. Most of this kind of gold is fine as the sand, so it is called alluvial gold. but what are the alluvial gold mining processes? And what is alluvial gold equipment commonly used in the alluvial gold washing plant?

Due to the free state of gold in sand gold deposits, and the specific gravity difference between gold and sand is very obvious, the gravity separation method is an ideal and efficient method to extract gold from the sand.

The principle of the alluvial gold mining process is to recover gold and all kinds of associated heavy minerals from raw ore as much as possible by the gravity dressing method. The lower limit of the particle size of gold recovery by gravity separation method is generally 0.01mm. In the practice, the alluvial gold mining process generally includes breaking, screening and gravity separation.

Many gold ore deposits contain cementing mud masses, some of which have a particle size greater than 100mm, sometimes even cement on gravel or pebbles. If not broken in time in the alluvial gold washing plant, the mud will be discharged along with the waste rock during the screening process, resulting in the loss of gold.

The screening operation can remove 20-40% of the waste rock (gravel, pebble), which is an indispensable operation in the alluvial gold washing plant. The determination of screening parameters must be based on the size composition of gold in the original ore. According to the ore washability, the alluvial gold washing plant generally can use plane vibrating screen, cylinder screen, scrubbers with the screen, hydraulic washing equipment.

Due to the different size composition of the gold in the alluvial gold deposit, the effective particle size limits of the materials treated by various gravity separators are also different. In general, the alluvial gold equipment mostly adopts jig as the roughing equipment and the shake table as the concentrating equipment for the jig coarse concentrate. Some low-grade alluvial gold washing plant adopts the chute as roughing equipment, the jig as scavenging equipment and the shaker table as the concentrating equipment. Therefore, the reasonable alluvial gold mining process is mostly the joint operation of several kinds of gravity separators.

The jigging process is to mix the mineral particles with different specific gravity and stratify them according to the specific gravity in the variable speed medium flow with vertical movement. The minerals with small specific gravity are in the upper layer, while the minerals with large specific gravity are in the lower layer. The layered materials are discharged separately by means of machinery and water flow.

The jig used for gold recovery is suitable for separation of coarse mineral particles (any raw mineral materials except for superfine material mineral), the range of beneficiation size is from 50 mm to 0.074 mm. The lower limit of beneficiation size is 0.04 mm for the alluvial gold mining process if the proportion difference is equal to or larger than 1.25, and the ore achieves the monomer dissociation.

The shake table is a kind of gravity separator in the inclined medium flow. It uses the combined action of the specific gravity difference of sorted minerals, alternating movement of bed surface, and transverse oblique water flow and riffle (or notch groove) to allow loose layering of ores on the bed surface and fan-shaped zoning. Then different products can be produced.

The shaking table used for the alluvial gold mining process is suitable for processing the minerals with fine particles. According to the different particle sizes, the ore can be divided into a coarse sand bed, fine sand bed and slurry bed. The coarse sand bed is suitable for the material particle size between 2.0 mm to 0.5 mm, the fine sand bed is suitable for processing material particle size between 0.5 mm to 0.074 mm, the slurry bed is suitable for processing the material particle size between 0.074 mm to 0.037 mm.

The chute used in the alluvial gold washing plant is a kind of gravity separator relying on the inclined water flow. The material particles settle on the different zone of chute under the joint force of water flow, mineral gravity, frictions between mineral grain and chute bottom. The particles with a small proportion are taken away by the water flow, and the particles with a large proportion are left.

The chute is suitable for the treatment of the alluvial gold with low mud content. The particle size range is 0.6 mm-0.03mm. Gravity separation by chute used in the alluvial gold mining process is featured with simple structure, large processing capacity and low comprehensive cost.

In the production, the selection of alluvial gold mining process and alluvial gold equipment need to be determined according to the specific ore properties and characteristics. Not all the alluvial gold washing plants adopt the same alluvial gold mining process and alluvial gold equipment can obtain the ideal separation effect. It is suggested that the mineral processing test shall be carried out first, so as to develop reasonable alluvial gold mining process and tailor-made alluvial gold equipment.

alluvial gold washing plant portable rotary screen

alluvial gold washing plant portable rotary screen

It is a kind of combined gold mining machine , designed especially for clayed soil which is contained in the raw material, includes sieving, separating through trammel, sluice and extraction gold progress. It is with wheel type chassis, can be driven by vehicles and move easily.

Using excavator to feed raw material to the hopper ,then, they flow into double trommel, big stones and pebble can be separated and flow outside of the equipment, mineral aggregate with gold whose diameter is less than 6mm(screen mesh size)can enter into the beneficiation sluice through inner trommel screen, there is a fixed and high extraction ratio gold felt sluice in one side of the beneficiation sluice to extract gold particle.

The machine is equipped with big flow capacity and big head water pump, can supply high pressure water for hopper, trommel, the mineral aggregate with gold will flow through the gold felt in the effect of self weight and water power, lighter mud or sand will be washed away and big specific gravity gold is left on the gold felt.

It is a kind of combined gold mining machine , designed especially for clayed soil which is contained in the raw material, includes sieving, separating through trammel, sluice and extraction gold progress. It is with wheel type chassis, can be driven by vehicles and move easily.

gold ore processing plant manufacturer gold mining equipment

gold ore processing plant manufacturer gold mining equipment

This small scale rock gold processing plant is suitable for 1-2 tph capacity.It will include a jaw crusher, a hammer mill, a ball mill and 1-2 sets of shaking tables. Except these machines, you can also add a 8-10 meters belt conveyor and make a hopper with grizzly bars. It will help you to feed the ores by the load vehicle. Contact Us to get more details of this processing plant.

1. The 1st step Crushing. The Raw rock minerals will be fed into the crushers to get the discharge size less then 25mm. Usually it will need 2 crushers, the primary crusher is for cutting down the big size of rocks, and the second crushers is for getting the size of -25mm.

2. The 2nd step Grinding. The grinding machine will be ball mill or wet pan mill. If you need to grind the minerals without waters, then you should choose ball mill. The ball mill has a grinding rotary drum, there are liners inside of the drum. Usually the liners are manganese steel liners, some times, the customers ask the liners can be corrosion resistant, so we will make ceramic liners and rubber liners. The discharge size from the ball mill will be around 200 mesh. It will make a good performance for the mineral particle separators by gravity separators or flotation machines.

3. The 3rd step Separating. The discharge from the grinding machines will be in the size of 0-2mm. Most gravity separators can do a good work for separating the concentrate from the ores. It includes the shaking tables, centrifugal concentrators, jigger machines and spiral chutes. Sometime, we do also choose the flotation machines to get the concentrate mud. It depends on the ores situations.

Due to the size,shape and specific gravity of alluvial gold, the most effecient method is using washing plant. It always includes a trommel screen, vibrating sluice boxes, a centrifugal concentrator and shaking tabls. If the alluvial gold with very sticky clay, then the trommel screen should be changed into a rotary scrubber with a trommel screen.

We have more than 25 years experience, and the machines are sold to all over the world. Our engineers can go to your local mining site for leading the processing plant installation and train your staffs.

placer gold processing plant for sale - china gold washing plant supplier

placer gold processing plant for sale - china gold washing plant supplier

Hengcheng offers complete project solutions for Soil Gold Washing Plant. We are one of the leading project suppliers for Gold Wash Plant Equipment and we work closely with our customers to fulfill their specific needs for customized package solution. Specialized in the fabrication of these machines for 15+ years and this enables us to be in a leading position in the field of Placer/Soil Gold Processing.

3. Function: as a rough separation&beneficiation machine to collect most part of heavy mineral, including gold ore. andfurther removing useless small size material. its effective recover gold particle down size could reach 200mesh.

At Hengcheng, we provide more than just gold washing equipment, but constantly strive to assist you in achieving overall business excellence. This is why when you partner with Hengcheng, you dont just get a diversified product offering, but form a relationship based on product refinement, a true understanding of gold process flow sheets and field service and maintenanceensuring that together we will create a solution that is suited specifically to your individual needs and that will optimize your process and lower your overall operating costs.

At Hengcheng, we provide more than just processing equipment, but constantly strive to assist you in achieving overall business excellence. This is why when you partner with Hengcheng, you dont just get a diversified product offering, but form a relationship based on product refinement.etc

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