ceramics : 9 steps - instructables

ceramics : 9 steps - instructables

I learned to make ceramic bowls on a potter's wheel in school. Learning to make bowls helped me learn to be patient, even when i messed up six attempts in a row, or didn't even come close to getting the clay right. It also tauget me to be confident and precise in my movements, since indecision can often wreck your project as badly as a wrong movement.

First you have to get the tools you need to make a form. You need a rib tool, a needle tool, trimmers, water, a sponge, a wire tool, a wheel, and clay. The clay has to stay very wet while you work it into the form you want it to be and other tools help you get just the right shape and size of your form.

The most important part of making a form on the wheel is getting the clay on the wheel the right way. The clay has to be in the center of the wheel; so you use a process called centering to get it right. While centering, keep the clay wet and use the rib tool to scrape away excess clay on the wheel. First, firmly place the clay as close to the center as you can. Next wet the clay and start the wheel. Place your hands against the clay and gently push it towards the middle of the wheel.

If you have centered correctly, then you should have a dome-shaped lump of clay on the wheel. This step is where you pull the clay apart so it begins to look like a bowl. This step is tricky; you have to get the slope of the bowl just right or it will have lumps in the sides-or even fall apart. First you stick your thumb down into the clay until the first knuckle on your thumb is covered. Next, stop the wheel and use the needle tool to check the amount of clay left on the bottom. There should be about half an inch left. Last, start the wheel and use your thumb to gently pull the clay towards you until it is the size you want it to be.

Now you have a bowl, but more than likely it is too thick to be a good bowl. You want the sides to be about 1/4 inch thick. To get the walls thinner, place one hand on the outside of the bowl and one on the inside. Start at the base of the bowl and gently push out and up, maintaining the shape of the bowl. Repeat this step until the walls are thin enough.

Now, your bowl is the perfect shape. Using your wire tool, cut the clay from the wheel and put it in a dark cupboard to dry out a little. Do NOT let it dry completely. When the clay is stronger, you will trim it to finalize the shape.

Now that your clay is ALMOST dry, place it on the wheel again, upside-down. Use softer clay to hold it in place, again making sure it is in the center of the wheel. Get your trimming tools and gently shave away layers of clay until the shape is perfect and the bottom has a foot to stand on. Remove the bowl from the wheel and place it in a dry place to finish drying out.

After you have fired your bowl, you can now add color to it. Glazes are special, mineral based paint that, when fired, turns into a hard, smooth, glossy cover for your bowl. Pick out your colors and paint about three coats of each on the sides and inside of your bowl. Do NOT get glaze onto the bottom because it will melt your bowl onto the kiln and you will have to break your bowl to remove it.

I am interested in the properties of ceramic glazes. I amtrying to determine whether the density or specific gravity of the variousglazes which Ive seen online has any consequence to the value of anyparticular glaze which I look at. For example, when a person has a glaze, canthe glaze affect be altered by adding like water to change the final appearance?

how to make paper clay - 8 steps with pictures - red ted art

how to make paper clay - 8 steps with pictures - red ted art

We love working with papier mache and upcycled newspapers. Paper Clay though technically a papier mache is a different Paper Mache Technique and super fun to work with. Today, learn how to make paper clay with our 8 steps pictures included!

Homemade Paper Clay uses the same ingredients as a papier mache paste recipe, but you will need a blender as well! For a whiter clay finish, you can also use toilet paper and glue. But I prefer the shredded paper version as it is more eco friendly.

Did you know that shredded paper can NOT be recycled? Most paper recycling plants cant handle shredded paper as it is too small or clogs up the machines. So these shredded paper uses are great for eco friendly person!

All crafts supplied on this website are free for you to follow and read. Occassionally, I charge for the odd template, but the templates are not necessary for crafting! During this super uncertain time of Covid, if would like to show me additional support, there are number of ways you can really help me (and help continue with this free resource website!!):

Begin by shredding all your paper. Using stredded paper is a wonderful upcycling technique. Did you know that many recycling plant can NOT process shredded paper? It falls through the machinery gaps and clogs it up. So if you have paper to shredd.. this is a great way to use it up. We have more great shredded paper uses for you to explore as well!

A hand blender is great or you can use an electrix mixer as well. Please ask for permission first and also make sure it doesnt overheat! Pulp up the paper with the blender until it is broken down completely.

NOTE: because we use flour and not glue, their is a unique smell to this DIY paper clay. But it is an organic, natural smell.. once you have painted your work and once it is fully dry it will pass. You CAN use glue as mentioned however, the natural aspect is SO much better!

Watch our simple and oh so easy to follow How to make Paper Clay video tutorial. As mentioned previosuly we prefer our method of using shredded paper and flour (vs toilet paper and glue) as it is true upcycling and eco friendly (flour is better than glue for the environment!).

learn how to make a clay oven step by step easy

learn how to make a clay oven step by step easy

If you have been wondering for a long time how to make a clay oven, today we bring you the step by step in Facades World. A key element for those people who enjoy entertaining their diners and enjoying delicious homemade bread. So once again we ask you for a lot of attention because right now we start with everything you need to know.

Currently we have infinite options to know howmake a clay oven, so we will show you a technique that gave us great results when doing it. The wood-based kitchen is considered an art when it comes to cooking, it saves energy and gives a special flavor to each meal with the smoke that emanates. In it you can make pizzas, homemade bread to lambs and piglets. The possibilities are endless.

The first thing we must do is find the right space to carry out our project. We recommend making the base in brick although they can use other elements such as blocks or metal pipes. Then we will make a concrete base of 1.50 x 1.50. If you want to see how to make a base and your materials you can see this tutorial that our friends and colleagues from Architecture Planet.

Once we have prepared our base and the masonry we must make a formwork with boards and wood to support the weight of the oven. For this we can use a mesh of 8 and 8 irons to ensure the structure and that it remains firm.

To fill the oven floor we use a cement mixture, if you do not know how to make it click herewhere you will have a new tutorial from our colleagues from Architecture Planet explaining the step by step in an easy way. It is important that at the end of the process, leave a small stick in the center, a nail or some mark that we want so that in the next step we can have the circle in the best way.

From the center where we mark with the stick or the nail previously we can draw a circle to present our materials and the place where the door will be located. To do this we glue our bricks with the cement mixture that we made previously or we can do it again.

To carry out this step it is essential to use protection to prevent any accident. The process is very easy, we must break several bottles within the circle that we made previously until we have a good base. Then we cover it completely with salt. Finally we leave it level with a layer of cement or mud.

To start making the dome we must have prepared bricks cut in half. For this it is again important and that we are not left with imperfections to be clear about where the center is. For this we can use a wood or the object that we want to rotate 360 and thus ensure that everything is in its right place.

With the mud that we have left or the cement we must cover our oven so that it is totally isolated from our exterior. There are those who use straw for this process but it is essential to match immediately so that we do not have any damage to our construction. To light our fire in the oven, we recommend allowing at least one week to dry properly all our components.

At Facades World We are more than happy to share this kind of informative article for our readers. We want to deeply thank our friends from Architecture Planet for sharing the information and letting it go viral step by step to learn how to make a clay oven.

how to make ceramic flowers by expert carolyn clayton

how to make ceramic flowers by expert carolyn clayton

Ceramic flower making takes a bit of time and practice. I developed the skill at Coalport China Museum using ancient techniques of bone china flower making. Bone china is a very sticky clay so you use oil such as sunflower oil on your fingers to stop it sticking. It is very soft and can only be sculpted into tiny or palm of the hand size flowers. This is only great for small ceramic clay flowers.

You can make flowers out of any clay with a some of practice. I believe I could teach anyone to make clay flowers. Below are some how to guides and videos showing you how to make ceramic flowers using clay. The techniques will work with any clay so can be tried using the air drying clay or other clays you may wish to work with.

I am confident I can teach anyone to make flowers out of clay. As I trained using the hardest clay to sculpt with and softest, ie bone china, I have since developed a way to make flowers with any type of clay. It is best to start with a ceramic rose as that is the easiest clay flower to make. I will demonstrate and show you step by step what I am doing and compare to your progress. At the end of the course you will have some beautiful porcelain flowers that anyone would be proud to say they made themshelves.

Ceramic wall flowers are easy to achieve with some practice. I was asked to make some Dahlia wall flowers for display at a Macys store. Those were my first ceramic wall flowers, since then I they have improved. There are videos of me making these wall flowers below.

I am often asked if I do tutorials or classes and from people all around the world. So with todays technology I can offer online tutorials. All you need is an internet connection and one of the video conferencing services like Skype or Whatsapp video. I would happily teach one person or a group of people. To learn more about my online ceramic flower making tutorials click here. Many people use my online tutorials below but still struggle. If I can see you making the flowers I can see exactly where you are going wrong.

This technique would work with any clay after a bit of practice. The clay I have used here is one of my favourites for modelling with, itsEarthstone Special 160 from Valentine Clays. Fired to 1060c (Cone 04). What

This technique would work with any clay after a bit of practice. The clay I have used here is one of my favourites for modelling with, itsEarthstone Special 160 from Valentine Clays. Fired to 1060c (Cone 04). What

Below are videos of me making bone china flowers at Coalport China Museum in Shropshire. If you really want to become an expert in flower making you should start with bone china. Bone china is the softest and most difficult clay to sculpt with. However for flowers its the easiest medium to use. However you can only make small to palm sized flowers. But if you learn with bone china, you will learn tricks and techniques which are paramount for the success of crack free flowers in any clay medium.

how to make a clay rose (with pictures) - wikihow

how to make a clay rose (with pictures) - wikihow

wikiHow is a wiki, similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. To create this article, 40 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. There are 8 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. The wikiHow Video Team also followed the article's instructions and verified that they work. This article has been viewed 110,545 times. Learn more...

A rose is one of the most beautiful flowers you can make from clay. It is also the easiest, since a realistic one can be achieved using just a single clay color. Making one is relatively simple, but it requires technique and finesse. Whether you're making a gift for your crush or simply decorating a room, use the following to ensure that your rose is both sturdy and stunning.

To make a clay rose, start by rolling a chunk of clay into a ball, dividing the ball into seven similarly-sized pieces, and rolling those pieces into balls. Take the smallest ball and press it into a guitar-pick-shaped petal with the pointy part thicker than the rounded part, then fold the sides gently inward. Repeat with a slightly bigger ball of clay, then fold this second petal around the first. Continue attaching slightly larger petals in a spiral, then pinch the bottom of your rose to connect all the petals. To learn more tips, like how to choose the best clay for your rose, keep reading! Did this summary help you?YesNo

how to make polymer clay earrings | better homes & gardens

how to make polymer clay earrings | better homes & gardens

Clay earrings in bold shapes and bright colors are having a moment, but jewelry can be expensive, especially if you pick up more than one pair. But this is one fashion trend that's easy to create at homeand you don't need any special craft skills to make them yourself!

We'll show you how to roll and cut different colors of polymer clay to make your own vibrant earrings. It's so easy and inexpensive, you'll be making a pair to match every outfit in your closet. Stock up on clay in all your favorite colors, choose a style and shape, and start creating!

Before you begin making your earrings, decide what color you want to make: If you're going for a marbled look, you'll need at least two colors. Look for oven-bake polymer clay ($3, Michaels) and get as many colors as you like. You should be able to make several pairs out of one block of clay.

Make Arch Earrings: To make the arch shape, roll out the main body color to be about -inch thick on your work surface and use an arched earring shape cutter ($4, Etsy) to cut out the shape. To create the earrings, cut out the arch shape (you'll need two shapes per set), then roll out the color of clay you want to use for the top. Roll and cut the shape and set all four pieces aside.

Make Abstract Color Block Earrings: Choose the background color of clay and roll it -inch thick. Place the second color of clay on top of the first and roll and twist the clays together to mix the colors. Knead the clay together to create a marbled effect (be careful not to knead the clay so much that the colors blend together) and roll back out to -inch thick.

Cut two larger abstract shapes and two small abstract shapes: Since the shapes are abstract, you can use a cutter or freehand them to be about the same size. Use a needle to make small holes for the jump rings at the top of the large shape and the bottom of the small shape; set shapes aside until you're ready to bake them.

Make Textured Earrings: To make textured earrings, roll any color of clay out to-inch thick, then press something with a distinct texture on top of the clay. You can use any textured surface that's light enough to pick up and place on top of the clay, or you can order a metal clay stamp ($7, Etsy). The harder you press the more pronounced the texture will be. Cut out your earring shapes and use a needle to place holes for the jump rings. Set aside the shapes, being careful not to handle them too much to preserve the texture.

Since you need to bake the clay earrings, we recommend cutting and baking a whole set all at once. Cut and prepare all the shapes you want so you can bake them all at the same time while you've got the oven going. Before you put the shapes in, double-check they all have small holes to place the rings. When you're ready, place your clay shapes on a baking sheet and bake according to package directions.

Once your shapes have baked and cooled completely, lightly sand the shapes with fine sandpaper to remove any imperfections or sharp edges. Use a pair of small pliers ($2, Walmart) to open enough jump rings ($4, Michaels) for each pair of earrings. Place a jump ring through each of the top and bottom sets and use the pliers to close the jump rings. When you've attached all the rings, glue a flat earring stud ($4 for 60, Michaels) to the back of each earring. Once the glue is completely dry and the studs are secure, the earrings are ready to wear.

how do you make a clay box step by step?

how do you make a clay box step by step?

Things to Make with Air Dry Clay: Pots, Planters, and Bowls Mini Textured Succulent Planters. Painted Crayola Air Dry Clay Pinch Pots. DIY Succulent Pineapple Air Dry Clay Planters. DIY Easy Clay Bowls. Handmade Clay Diffuser Necklace. DIY Diffuser Keychains. DIY Moon Phase Wall Mobile. DIY Monstera leaf keychain.

Subsequently, question is, how do you waterproof air dry clay? Finish your paint job with acrylic paint, Then spray with polyurethane spay. Just sealing the clay with polyurethane or varnish without the waterproof glue will make the clay water resistant but not waterproof.

For instance, to shape a simple bowl using the pinch method: Take a lump of your clay and roll into a ball. Set the ball down on your work surface, pushing it down slightly to hold it in place. Make a small impression in the center of your ball. Pull the clay horizontally away from the center hole to widen the bowl.

how to sculpt clay: 15 steps (with pictures) - wikihow

how to sculpt clay: 15 steps (with pictures) - wikihow

This article was co-authored by Natasha Dikareva, MFA. Natasha Dikareva is a San Francisco, California based sculptor, and installation artist. With over 25 years of ceramics, sculpting, and installation experience, Natasha also teaches a ceramic sculpture workshop titled "Adventures in Clay" covering concept development, hand-building techniques, texture, and glazing techniques. Her work has been featured in solo and group exhibitions at the Beatrice Wood Center for the Arts, Abrams Claghorn Gallery, Bloomington Center for the Arts, Maria Kravetz Gallery, and the American Museum of Ceramic Art. She has taught at the University of Minnesota and the American Indian OIC School. She has been awarded the Excellence Award at the 1st World Teapot Competition, Best in Show at the 4th Clay & Glass Biennial Competition, and a Grand Prize at the American Museum of Ceramic Art. Natasha holds an MFA from the University of Minnesota and a BFA from Kiev Fine Arts College. There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 41,099 times.

Sculpting clay is a great way to engage your creative side! Clay can be sculpted into decorative or functional pieces. It can be messy, so make sure to cover your work surface and wear old clothes. Sculpt the clay using basic hand techniques and add decorative patterns using simple household items.

To sculpt with clay, start by choosing a standard clay if you're glazing or firing your sculpture in an oven. Alternatively, pick a polymer, air dry, or oven bake clay if you don't have access to a kiln. Next, knead the clay to make it more pliable and to remove any air bubbles. Once it's ready, try pinching or rolling it to make shapes. You can also use textured objects to create patterns, or press glitter or pebbles into the clay for decoration. To learn how to paint your sculpture, keep reading! Did this summary help you?YesNo

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