minerals in chattisgarh - cgpcs exam preparation

minerals in chattisgarh - cgpcs exam preparation

Minerals in ChattisgarhChhattisgarh is rich in minerals. It produces 20% of the countrys total cement produce. It has the highest output of coal in the country with second highest reserves. Chattisgarh is third in iron ore production and first in tin production.Limestone,DolomiteandBauxiteare abundant. It is the onlyTin -ore producing state in India. Other commercially extracted Minerals in Chattisgarhinclude corandum,garnet,quartz,marble,alexandriteanddiamonds.

The Minerals in Chattisgarh resources have immense potential for large investments in mining, setting of mineral based industries and generating employment. Chhattisgarh nestles atop the worlds largest kimberlite area. Eight blocks have been demarcated for diamond exploration.

Iron ore deposits of Chhattisgarh contains high grade Heamitite ores .These rocks are entirely spread from North to South about 370 km in length that are extending from Bailadilla to Rajhara in southwestern Chhattisgarh occupying Dantewara, Bastar, Kanker, Narainpur, Rajnandgaon, Durg and Kawardha districts.

Bailadilla iron ore deposits (Bastar dist.) located in southern part of the range are world-class and being mined from the leased area to National Mineral Development Corporation, Ltd. (NMDC). Iron ore of Dalli-Rajhara (durg Dist.) located in the central parts of the range are captive mines of Bhilai Steel Plant (BSP).

Recently an iron ore bearing area is discovered in Kabirdham district and known as Eklama iron ore complex. This area is expected to yield high-grade hematitic iron ore in substantial quantity and support iron & steel units.

At a few places, small deposits (including isolated patches) may be related to other geological phenomenon are also known, which may not be economical for large establishment mine production. However, they can be used for sponge iron units.

Chhattisgarh mainly comprises metal (B & C) and refractory grade (A) bauxite, located in Surguja, Korba, Jashpur, Kanker, Bastar and Kabirdham districts. Total estimated reserves of all grades are of the tune of 148 million tonnes.

Limestone and Dolomite are the carbonate rocks that are mainly used for cement manufacture and metallurgical purposes with other allied uses of calcinations, flux, refractory bricks, dimension stones etc. based on the grade. These sedimentary rock are precipitated in identical environment to form widespread and continuous deposits.

Limestone and dolomite deposits are known in the State located in Raigarh, Janjgir-Champa, Kabirdham, Bilaspur, Raipur, Durg, Rajnandgaon districts forming part of Chhattisgarh basin and in Jagdalpur district within Indravati basin and in Dantewara district in Sukma basin.

Chhattisgarh is the only tin producing State in India. Tin ore is known as cassiterite, which was reported in Dantewara district. Cassiterite bearing pegmatites are reportedly rich in collumbite and tantalite, which are ore of rare metals niobium and tantalum, respectively.

A gemstone-quality specimen of corundum with a deep red color is known as a ruby. A gemstone-quality corundum with a blue color is called a sapphire. Colorless corundum is known as white sapphire. Corundum of any other color is known as fancy sapphire.

In Chhattisgarh corundum occurs in Bhopalpatnam and Sukma areas of Dantewara/Bijapur distrticts. Minor occurrences are also reported from Deobhog area of Raipur district. Total 48 tonne of corundum has been estimated in the State.

Kuchnoor Kuchnoor is situated 2 km. NW of Bhopalpatnam. The host rock of corundum in this area is biotite granite gneisses. The corundum occurrence in the area is restricted to only lateral extension.

Dampaya area In this area, pieces of corundum were recovered from nala section. Corundum is pinkish yellow, translucent, hexagonal barrel shaped. Country rock of the area is granite gneiss. It comes under forest area.

The corundum recovered is insitu i.e. from biotite granite gneisses. The corundum is pinkish violet in colour and characterised by basal pinacoid prism and striations. Corundum is translucent and can be placed in semiprecious stone category.

Incidences of diamond in the rivers of the State and discovery of diamondiferous kimberlite in Mainpur area of Raipur district have attracted global attention. So far six kimberlites in Mainpur area and two kimberlite in Tokapal area have been discovered. Eight blocks have been demarcated based on structural controls to host kimberlites in Chhattisgarh. Potentially 3 diamondiferous kimberlites pipes have been identified in Behradih and Payalikhand villages of Raipur district. The State has emerged as a hotspot for potential diamond mining with all major mining companies engaged in reconnaissance operations.

A rare gem mineral like Alexandrite is found in the State. Other gemstones like Garnet, Beryl, Rosy quartz, amethyst etc are also reported. Based on the minerals strength of the State, Gems and Jewellery Park is planned near Raipur.

Multicolored and texturally different granites are widely distributed in the State. Limestone, dolomite of attractive colour and design are extensively available in the State. Quartzite, sandstone and shales are also widely exposed which can be suitable as dimension stone. Export oriented cutting & polishing units are working in the State and prospects for many more exist.

Potentially gold bearing rocks are available in Raipur and Mahasamund districts. Placer gold panning is widely recorded from Jashpur, Kanker, Mahasamund and Bastar districts. ~3 tonnes of gold reserves are estimated in the State. Global mining companies like ACC Rio Tinto and Geomysore Services Pvt. Ltd., etc. are engaged in reconnaissance & prospecting operations for gold deposits in the State.

Potential base metals like copper, lead indications are known from Rajnandgaon, Mahasamund and Dantewara districts. These metals can be used in electric wires, batteries, manufacture of pigments, alloys etc.

Directorate of Geology and Mining, Chhattisgarh is the State agency engaged in exploration of the mineral resources of Minerals in Chattisgarh. It has dedicated and skilled, teams of geoscientists, chemists, surveyors and drillers, who are engaged in various qualitative & quantitative aspects of mineral investigation in the State. The Directorate has been instrumental in locating important mineral deposits in various part of the State notably the diamondiferous kimberlite in Mainpur, gold in Sonakhan, iron ore in Kawardha District.

Under this, the directorate caries out geological survey of the mineralized areas and delineate the potential zone for mineral exploration. Such potential zones are prospected by pitting/trenching and drilling. Geochemical, Geophysical, Petrological and Remote Sensing Techniques are utilized for the geological survey of mineralized zones to prove the quantity and quality of the mineral present in the area to evaluate their industrial potentiality.

It is an important aspect being executed through mining Officers/Assistant M.O. posted in all the district head quarters in the Collectorate. They receive applications for various mineral concessions, process them within stipulated time and grant the leases to the applicant. Apart from this they also assess and realize the royalty on the minerals produce. Strict check on illegal extraction of Minerals in Chattisgarh, pilferage of mineral revenue, implementation of rules and regulations by the lessee are being carried out by departmental MO/AMOs through mining inspectors of the concerned districts. The reconnaissance permit granted by Govt. Is also monitored by this wing.

iron ore distribution in india | types of iron ore | pmf ias

iron ore distribution in india | types of iron ore | pmf ias

Table of Contents Types of Iron OreHaematiteMagnetiteLimoniteSideriteIron Ore Distribution in IndiaHaematiteMagnetiteIron Ore in OrissaIron Ore in ChhattisgarhIron Ore in JharkhandIron Ore in KarnatakaIron Ore in other states Ongoing Offers! Package TWO Year Subscription ONE Year Subscription ALL PMF IAS Notes Save 30% Save 10% Geography + Environment Save 30% Save 10% SharePinWhatsAppEmailTweet29 Shares

Table of Contents Types of Iron OreHaematiteMagnetiteLimoniteSideriteIron Ore Distribution in IndiaHaematiteMagnetiteIron Ore in OrissaIron Ore in ChhattisgarhIron Ore in JharkhandIron Ore in KarnatakaIron Ore in other states Ongoing Offers! Package TWO Year Subscription ONE Year Subscription ALL PMF IAS Notes Save 30% Save 10% Geography + Environment Save 30% Save 10% SharePinWhatsAppEmailTweet29 Shares

Year(s) = Validity of the Downloads1 Year Validity == Validity of the Download links (both Static & Current Affairs) is 1 Year from the date of purchase.2 Year Validity == Validity of the Download links (both Static & Current Affairs) is 2 Years from the date of purchase.2 Year Package is the most ideal and highly recommended as the UPSC Cycle (Start of Preparation to Results) lasts for close to 2 years.For example,If you purchase the notes with Download Validity == 1 Year, on 08/07/2021, then you will be able to download the Static Files + Current Affairs files till 09/07/2022.If you purchase the notes with Download Validity == 2 Years, on 08/07/2021, then you will be able to download the Static Files + Current Affairs files till 10/07/2023.If we bring out the Updated (New) Editions of the Static Files within your membership period, you will be able to download them without paying anything extra.Irrespective of the package you choose, Current Affairs of Geography, Environment, Sci & Tech and Indian Agriculture are available from May 2019. Current Affairs of Art and Culture and Indian Economy are available from November 2020.Once the payment is made, you need to log in to the Downloads Page to download the files (check your email for the login details).

about chhattisgarh | main industries of chhattisgarh state

about chhattisgarh | main industries of chhattisgarh state

Hello Friends, Are you searching the Main industries of Chhattisgarh state? This topic is very useful for all competitive exams such as GGPSC, Cgforest, Cgpolice, and more. From an industrial point of view, Chhattisgarh is a prosperous state. Here plenty of natural resources are available for industrial development. Following are the main industries of Chhattisgarh state:-

Iron and Steel Industry is a basic industry. Bhilai is the only place where the iron steel plant is located. This plant is 21 km west on the Durg-Raipur rail route. This plant was established in 1955 with Indo-Russian collaboration.

The production in the plant was started in Feb. 1959. For the above plant, iron-ore is received from Dalli Rajhara ranges, 32 km away from the plant. Coking coal is obtained from Jharia and Korba mines and washing coal is obtained from Kargali, Patherdeeh, and Dugdha refineries. The power is obtained from Korba thermal power station, while freshwater is obtained from Tandula and Gori canals limestone from Durg, Raipur and Bilaspur districts, dolomite from Bhubaneshwar, Kasondi, Parsoda, Kharia, and Hardi.

Here Bauxite is found in abundance, hence there is no problem in Aluminium Industry. Govt. of India has established an Aluminium factory at BALCO in Korba district of the state. This factory was established in 1965. There are three sections of this plant(a) Aluminum PlantHere the Aluminium power is made from Bauxite., (b) Smelting PlantHere Aluminium is made from Aluminium power., (c) Fabrication PlantHere the melting metal is given a different shape. The total production capacity of the Korba plant at present is 4 lac tonnes ( 2 lac tonnes from Aluminium plant and one lac tonnes each from smelting plant and fabrication plants). But the total production is decreasing since 1998-99 the total production of the plant was 91.8 thousand metric tonnes.

This factory was established at Durg in 1965 by Associated Cement Company (A.C.C.). Port land Vattya furnace Slag Cement is produced io this factory by modem dry method. Beside the Limestone which is obtained from the nearby factory Slag of Bhilai Steel Plant is also used in this factory.

The original factory was established in 1970, 15 km away from Raipur at Mandhar. This factory is working under the ownership of Public Sector undertaking Cement Corporation of India. Here the ordinary Portland Cement and Vattya furnace Slag Cement is produced-through Wet techno-logical methods.

The Bengal-Nagpur-Cotton textile mill was established in 1862 by the then the ruler of Rajnandgaon. For this factory, cotton is obtained from Khargon, Ujjain, and Burhanpur of Madhya Pradesh, Nagpur, Amrawati, and Mumbai from Maharashtra and from Ahmedabad of Gujarat. Here Poplin, Longelothe Dothi, Sari, Blanket, and Mosquito nets are manufactured.

At Jagdalpur, Kondo Gaon and Narayanpur, wood based industries are found. At Jagdalpur Kosta tribe manufactures Kosa cloth. Raigarh, Champa and Bilaspur are other places where Rosa silk is made.Bidl industry is flourishing on a large scale. Here Bristal and Panama brand cigarettes are made at Bristal in Raipur and at Panama in Durg. At Kunthari in between Raipur and Bhilai Dhararn Singh Morarji chemical factory was established in 1961 which manufactures Super phosphate, Sulphuric acid Aluminium Sulphate and Cloro-sulphate. Beside these South-Eastern Railway wagon workshop (Raipur), Belladella Iron-project Ltd. Baccheli (Jagdalpur); Bharat-Petroleum corporation (Durg). Steel Authority of India LW. (burg), Hindustan Petroleum Corporation (Raipur) are the other public sector industries.

Bidi Industry Raipur, Bilaspur, Rajnand-gaon, Dhamtari, Raigarh, and Durg. Wood Straw IndustryRaipur. Dhamtari, Mahasamund, Bilaspur, Durg, Sarguja, and Rajnandgaon. Kattha ProductionWood product Sarguja. Harra Factory Dhamtaxi and Raipur. Paper IndustryJagdalpur (Proposed).

I hope that The above Post Is Helpful For You And You Are Requested To Share ThisJob LinkWith More And More Of Your Friends And Watts App Group,FacebookAnd Other Social Networks That You Use And Help Them In Getting A Good Job.

Hey, welcome to Naukari Name. I am Sandeep Here, I write about the latest job notification on government jobs Railways SSC Banking IBPS or other job details, etc. My ability to write informative contents with good English, flow and logical content is unparalleled if you have any query related this you can contact on [email protected]

production and distribution of iron ore in india

production and distribution of iron ore in india

The standard of living of the people of a country is judged by the consumption of iron. Iron is taken out from mines in the form of iron ore. Different types of iron ore contain varying percentage of pure iron.

This is the best quality of iron ore and contains 72 per cent pure iron. It possesses magnetic property and hence is called magnetite. It is found in Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Goa, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

The total in situ reserves of iron ore in the country are about 12,317.3 million tonnes of haematite and 5395.2 million tonnes of magnetite. The resources of very high grade ore are limited and are restricted mainly in Bailadila sector of Chhattisgarh and to a lesser extent in Bellary-Hospet area of Karnataka and in Jharkhand and Orissa.

Haematite resources are located in Orissa, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan. Magnetic resources are located in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Kerala, Jharkhand, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu.

Although some quantity of iron ore is found in several parts of the country, the major part of the reserves are highly concentrated in a few selected areas. Only six states i.e. Jharkhand, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka and Goa account for over 95 per cent of the total reserves of India.

Jharkhand has the largest reserves accounting for about 25 per cent of the total reserves of India. This is followed by Orissa (21%), Karnataka (20%), Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh (18%) and Goa (11%). The remaining 5 per cent is shared by Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan and Assam. However, the pattern of actual production presents a slightly different picture (see Table 25.2).

It is worth mentioning that significant changes have taken place in the distribution pattern itself during the last few years. Earlier, Bihar (most of the iron producing areas has gone to Jharkhand now) was the largest producer which was excelled by Goa and Karnataka in quick succession. Goa occupied the first position among the major iron ore producing states for over a decade, but has been overtaken by Karnataka, Orissa and Chhattisgarh in due course of time.

At present, over 99 per cent of India s iron ore is produced by just five states of Karnataka, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Goa and Jharkhand. This fact speaks volumes of high concentration of iron ore reserves and their lopsided distribution in the country.

Iron ores are widely distributed in the state, but high grade ore deposits are those of Kemmangundi in Bababudan hills of Chikmagalur district and Sandur and Hospet in Bellary district. Most of the ores are high grade haematite and magnetite. The other important producing districts are Chitradurga, Uttar Kannad, Shimoga, Dharwar and Tumkur.

Orissa produces over 22 per cent iron ore of India. The most important deposits occur in Sundargarh, Mayurbhanj, Cuttack, Sambalpur, Keonjhar and Koraput districts. Indias richest haematite deposits are located in Barabil-Koira valley where 100 deposits are spread over 53 sq km. The ores are rich in haematites with 60 per cent iron content.

Sizeable deposits occur near Gorumahisani, Sulaipat and Badampahar in Mayurbhanj district; Banspani, Tahkurani, Toda, Kodekola, Kurband, Phillora and Kiriburu in Keonjhar district; near Malangtoli, Kandadhar Pahar, Koira and Barsua in Sundargarh district, Tomka range between Patwali and Kassa in Sukind area of Cuttack district, Daitari hill along the boundary between Keonjhar and Cuttack districts, Hirapur hills in Koraput district and Nalibassa hill in Sambalpur district.

Chhattisgarh has about 18 per cent of the total iron ore reserves of India. This state produced about 20 per cent of the total iron ore production of the country in 2002-03. The iron ores are widely distributed, the prominent deposits being those of Bastar and Durg districts.

The reserves in these districts are estimated to be of the order of 4,064 million tonnes. These reserves are of high grade ore, containing over 65 per cent iron. Bailadila in Bastar district and Dalli Rajhara in Durg district are important producers. In Bailadila, 14 deposits are located in 48 km long range running in north-south direction.

With estimated reserves of about 1,422 million tonnes, the Bailadila mine is the largest mechanised mine in Asia. An additional ore beneficiation plant with a capacity of 7.8 million tonnes is being set up in Bailadila. A 270 km long slurry pipeline is being constructed to bring the ore from the Bailadila pithead to the Vizag plant. This will reduce the pressure on road route to a great extent.

Bailadila produces high grade ore which is exported through Vishakhapatnam to Japan and other countries where it is in great demand. The Dalli-Rajhara range is 32 km long with iron ore reserves of about 120 million tonnes.

The ferrous content in this ore is estimated to be 68-69 per cent. The deposits of this range are being worked by the Hindustan Steels Plant at Bhilai. A new broad gauge rail line is planned to connect this range with Jagdalpur. Raigarh, Bilaspur, and Surguja are other iron ore producing districts.

Production of iron ore in Goa started quite late and it is a recent development. Starting from a non-identity, Goa is now the fourth largest producer of iron ore in India. Though its reserves, amounting to only 11 per cent of India, are not very impressive as compared to other major producing states, it occupied the first position among the iron ore producers for several years and yielded this place to M.P. in 1990s.

At present, Karantaka, Orissa and Chhattisgarh produce more iron ore, relegating Goa to fourth place. Goa now produces over 18 per cent of the total production of India. In 1975, the Geological Survey of India located 34 iron bearing reserves with estimated the total ore deposits of 390 million tonnes. There are nearly 315 mines in North Goa, Central Goa and South Goa.

Important deposits occur in Pima-Adolpale-Asnora, Sirigao-Bicholim-Daldal, Sanquelim-Onda, Kudnem-Pisurlem and Kudnem-Surla areas in North Goa; Tolsia-Dongarvado-Sanvordem and Quirapale-Santone-Costi in Central Goa; and Borgadongar, Netarlim, Rivona-Solomba and Barazan in South Goa.

The richest ore deposits are located in North Goa. These areas have the advantage of river transport or ropeways for local transport and that of Marmagao port for exporting the ore. Most of Goas iron ore is exported to Japan.

Most of the ore is of low grade limo-mite and siderite. Most of the mines are open-caste and mechanised which result in efficient exploitation of iron ore in spite of its inferior quality. About 34,000 people earn their livelihood from iron ore mining and allied activities in Goa.

Jharkhand accounts for 25 per cent of reserves and over 14 per cent of the total iron ore production of the country. Iron ore mining first of all started in the Singhbhum district in 1904 (then a part of Bihar). Iron ore of Singhbhum district is of highest quality and will last for hundreds of years.

The main iron bearing belt forms a range about 50 km long extending from near Gua to near Pantha in Bonai (Orissa). The other deposits in Singhbhum include those of Budhu Buru, Kotamati Burn and Rajori Buru. The well known Noamandi mines are situated at Kotamati Buru. Magnetite ores occur near Daltenganj in Palamu district. Less important magnetite deposits have been found in Santhal Parganas, Hazaribagh, Dhanbad and Ranchi districts.

Apart from the major producing states described above, iron ore in small quantities is produced in some other states also. They include Maharashtra : Chandrapur, Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg; Tamilnadu : Salem, North Arcot Ambedkar, Tiruchirapalli, Coimbatore, Madurai, Nellai Kattabomman (Tirunelveli); Andhra Pradesh : Kumool, Guntur, Cuddapah, Ananthapur, Khammam, Nellore; Rajasthan : Jaipur, Udaipur, Alwar, Sikar, Bundi, Bhilwara; Uttar Pradesh ; Mirzapur, Uttaranchal : Garhwal, Almora, Nainital; Himachal Pradesh : Kangra and Mandi; Haryana : Mahendragarh; West Bengal: Burdwan, Birbhum, Darjeeling; Jammu and Kashmir : Udhampur and Jammu; Gujarat: Bhavnagar, Junagadh, Vadodara; and Kerala : Kozhikode.

India is the fifth largest exporter of iron ore in the world. We export about 50 to 60 per cent of our total iron ore production to countries like Japan, Korea, European countries and lately to Gulf countries. Japan is the biggest buyer of Indian iron ore accounting for about three-fourths of our total exports. Major ports handling iron ore export are Vishakhapatnam, Paradip, Marmagao and Mangalore.

Efforts are being made to increase the production so that sufficient quantity of iron ore is available for export after meeting the requirements of the expanding home market. Export of iron ore is necessary for earning the much needed foreign exchange. Some success has been achieved in this direction as is evident from the export figures for the year 2002-03 and 2003-04 (see Table 25.3).

Get in Touch with Mechanic
Related Products
Recent Posts
  1. crusher manufacturers in delhi

  2. rock crushers gold rush trading post

  3. wet process crusher

  4. difference between single toggle and double toggle jaw crusher

  5. gold mining equipment for sale phil

  6. pondicherrin crushing mining supplies launches of a new range

  7. second hand zenith crushers

  8. how to use marble edging machine

  9. high quality stone stone crusher in jakarta

  10. different crushing value

  11. spiral zucchini slicer

  12. energying saving ball mill

  13. briquette making machine 2018

  14. mining equipment for small scale farmers

  15. crushing plant manufacturers in north india

  16. efficient medium chrome ore high efficiency concentrator in brazil

  17. gold mining crusher plant from zimbabwe

  18. mineral processing production line x colors

  19. china py series cone crusher from china with ce u iso certificate

  20. surplus coal crusher conveyor belt