ganzhou gelin mining machinery co., ltd

ganzhou gelin mining machinery co., ltd

Ganzhou Gelin Mining Machinery Co., Ltd. is an over 30 years experience expert manufacturing mining machines in China, covering an area of over 30,000 square meters, having more than 25 sets of heavy processing equipments and with an annual output of more than 2000 sets of mining machinery.We have international level & experienced engineer team and a strong R&D department and have been cooperating with domestic and oversea Scientific Research Institutes for many years. Our purpose is to track i...

precious metals reclamation mining company

precious metals reclamation mining company

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Apache Mill Tailings USA, Inc. is a precious metals mining company specializing in gold, silver, copper and high value, rare earth minerals reclamation recovery. To maximize profits, accelerate project success and reduce risk, we work with above ground mine and ore mill tailings deposits.

Vast treasures are waiting to be taken from selected properties with already mined tailings piles. Old processing technologies focused only on gold recovery have left behind fortunes which can be easily recovered. No mining is required. These riches are above ground and "shovel ready". Multiple environment friendly, non-toxic processing technologies are available to quickly and profitably reclaim these precious metals. Additional Benefits - We plan to use all reclamation by-product to create mortarless, interlocking building blocks and bricks perfect for construction of affordable housing, retaining walls and civic buildings. Applying this patented technology will create a sustainable, seamless complete manufactured product loop.

Harvesting Fallen Gold. Specializing in the environment friendly reclamation recovery from above ground, previously mined and milled tailings deposits, we do not have to dig or build mines. Normal mining costs are about 50% of the income derived. Apache's reclamation costs are estimated to about 3% of income. Old time ore processing only looking for gold left behind vast treasures of waste tailings piled in above ground dumping sites. Old separation technology missed tremendous amounts of gold. Vast fortunes of precious metals and rare earth elements - Not even known of at the time - were discarded. These treasures are ready to be recovered by Apache using modern processing technology. Our shovel ready, high value tailings processing reclamation business strategy will produce fast revenues and high profits margins.

Advanced Reclamation and Nano Recovery. With several high yield processing processes available to us, we can customized each project operations to deliver maximum profits as fast as possible. Utilizing our specially designed truck mounted systems we can set up production quickly and scale up to multiply production outputs as needed. Loading trucks and shipping ore to vetted crushing and processing facilities will produce rapid project revenues. We also have the option of using on site crushing equipment and non-toxic leaching systems. Dry method heat systems and advanced air separation green technology will be used on future projects. An environment friendly company, Apache Mill Tailings will lead the way in the use of current and new technologies for high profit reclamation processing.

Deposits Worth Billions of Dollars. We select the best high grade, sweet spot mining claims in prime areas of historically known successful gold mining districts. The project sites have immense above ground tailings piles that can be readily processed. Large mining projects or major ore mill processing plants, where the best ore from 100's of miles around was shipped, operated on these sites. Additional projects are being investigated and negotiated for acquisitions at this time. Our targeted projects are located in the Western USA. Assay results verify easily recoverable gold, silver and high value precious metals deposits worth Billions of Dollars. The assets, revenues and profits from these projects alone would make Apache Mill Tailings USA, Inc. a mining industry leader. A conservative projection of $186 Million Monthly Revenue can be generated from targeted projects.

Nothing on this site is to be interpreted as a solicitation or offer of any kind for any purpose in any form or content. All contents of this site is for informational purposes only and is intended only to outline the basic information of potential precious metals reclamation projects and Apache Mill Tailings USA, Inc. potential acquisitions, ownership and future targets. Upon accessing this site, all visitors hereby acknowledge this Disclaimer.

Notice: The information on this site is presented for Discussion Purposes Only. As there are both distinct regulations, security and privacy issues regarding this industry, the enclosed information is most basic and introductory in nature. The information on this site does not constitute an offer to sell or solicit the purchase of any security, nor does it constitute an obligation to underwrite, place or otherwise distribute any security described herein. The Content is for informational purposes only, you should not construe any such information or other material as legal, tax, investment, financial, or other advice. Nothing contained on this site constitutes a solicitation, recommendation, endorsement, or offer by Apache Mill Tailings USA, Inc. or any third party service provider to buy or sell any securities or other financial instruments in this or in any other jurisdiction in which such solicitation or offer would be unlawful under the securities laws of such jurisdiction.

how to process copper ore: beneficiation methods and equipment | fote machinery

how to process copper ore: beneficiation methods and equipment | fote machinery

All available copper-bearing natural mineral aggregates are called copper mines. The high-grade copper concentrate can be obtained by the coarse grinding, roughing, scavenging of copper ore, then grinding and concentrating of coarse concentrate.

Due to the different types of ore, the nature of the ore is also different, so the beneficiation process needs to be customized. The specific process for selecting copper ore depends mainly on the material composition, structure and copper occurrence state of the original copper ore.

Before the beneficiation of copper ores, crushing and grinding are required. The bulk ores are crushed to about 12cm by a jaw crusher or a cone crusher. Then the crushed materials are sent to the grinding equipment, and the final particle size of the copper ore is reduced to 0.15-0.2mm.

Copper sulfide can be divided into single copper ore, copper sulfur ore, copper-molybdenum deposit, copper nickel, carrollite and so on. Basically, only flotation can be considered in its separation.

Almost all copper sulphide ores contain iron-bearing sulfides, so in a sense, the flotation of copper sulfide is essentially the separation of copper sulfide from iron sulfide. The common iron sulfide minerals in copper ore are pyrite and pyrrhotite.

1 Disseminated grain size and symbiotic relationship of copper and iron sulfide. Generally, pyrite has a coarse grain size, while copper ore, especially secondary copper sulfide, is closely associated with pyrite. Only when the copper ore is finely ground can it be dissociated from pyrite. This characteristic can be used to select copper-sulphur mixed concentrates, discard the tailings, and then grind and separate the mixed concentrate.

2 The influence of secondary copper sulfide minerals. When the secondary copper sulfide mineral content is high, the copper ions in the slurry will increase, which will activate the pyrite and increase the difficulty of Cu-S separation.

3 The influence of pyrrhotite. The high content of pyrrhotite will affect the flotation of copper sulfide. Pyrrhotite oxidation will consume the consumption of oxygen in the pulp. In severe cases, the copper minerals do not float at the beginning of flotation. This can be improved by increasing inflation.

Generally, copper is floated firstly and then sulfur. The content of pyrite in dense massive copper-bearing pyrite is quite high and high alkalinity (free CaO content> 600800g/m3) and high dosage of xanthine are often used to suppress the pyrite. There is mainly pyrite in its tailings with few gangues, so the tailings are sulfur concentrates.

For the disseminated copper-sulfur ore, the preferential flotation process is adopted, and the sulphur in the tailings must be re-floated. To reduce the consumption of sulfuric acid during the floatation and ensure safe operation, the process condition of low alkalinity should be adopted as far as possible.

It is more advantageous for copper sulfur ore containing less sulfur with copper easy to be floated. Carry out the bulk flotation firstly in the weakly alkaline pulp and then add lime to the mixed concentrate to separate the copper and sulfur in the highly alkaline pulp.

In semi-preferential bulk-separation flotation, Z-200, OSN-43 or ester-105 with good selectivity are used as collectors to float copper minerals firstly. The copper concentrate is then subjected to copper-sulfur bulk flotation and the obtained copper-sulfur mixed concentrate is subjected to separation flotation of floating copper and suppressing sulfur.

It avoids the inhibition of the easily floating copper under high lime consumption and does not require a large amount of sulfuric acid-activated pyrite. It has the characteristics of reasonable structure, stable operation, a good index and early recovery of target minerals.

3 The xanthate collector mainly plays the role of chemisorption together with the cation Cu (2 +), so minerals whose surface contains more Cu (2 +) minerals have a strong effect with the xanthate. The order of the effect is: chalcocite > covellite > porphyrite> chalcopyrite.

4 The floatability of copper sulfide minerals is also affected by factors such as crystal size, mosaic size, being original or secondary. The minerals with fine crystal and mosaic size are difficult to float. Secondary copper sulfide ore is easy to oxidize and more difficult to float than original copper ore.

As for the grinding and floating process, it is more advantageous to adopt the stage grinding and floating process for refractory copper ore, such as the re-grinding and re-separation of coarse concentrate, re-grinding and re-separation of bulk concentrate, and separate treatment of medium ore.

Copper oxide (CuO) is insoluble in water, ethanol, soluble acid, ammonium chloride and potassium cyanide solutions. It can react with alkali when slowly dissolving in ammonia solution. The beneficiation methods of oxidized copper ore mainly include gravity separatio, magnetic separation (see details on copper ore processing plant), flotation and chemical beneficiation.

Flotation is one of the commonly used mineral processing techniques for copper oxide ores. According to the different properties of copper oxide ores, there are sulphidizing flotation, fatty acid flotation, amine flotation, emulsion flotation and chelating agent-neutral oil flotation method.

Process flow: The dosage of sodium sulfide can reach 1~2kg/t during vulcanization. Because the film produced by vulcanization is not stable and is easy to fall off after vigorous stirring, and sodium sulfide itself is easily oxidized, sodium sulfide should be added in batches.

Besides, the vulcanization speed of malachite and azurite is relatively fast, so the vulcanizing agent can be directly added to the first flotation cell with no need to stir in advance during vulcanization and adjust the amount of vulcanizing agent according to the foam state.

Fatty acids and their soaps are mainly used as collectors of fatty acid floatation, also known as direct flotation. During flotation, water glass (gangue inhibitor), phosphate, and sodium carbonate (slurry regulator) are also usually added.

There is a practice of mixing vulcanization and fatty acid methods. Firstly float the copper sulfide and part of the copper oxide with sodium sulfide and xanthate, and then float the residual copper oxide with fatty acid.

For example, the ore in the Nchanga processing plant in Zambia contains 4.7% copper. The copper content achieved to 50% ~ 55% through flotation by adding 500g/t of lime (pH 9 ~ 9.5), 10g/t of cresol (foaming agent), 60g/t of ethylxanthate, 35g/t of amyl xanthate, 1kg/t of sodium sulfide, 40g/t of palmitic acid and 75g/t of fuel oil.

It is mainly to sulfurize the copper oxide mineral firstly and then add the copper accessory ingredient to create a stable oil-wet surface. Then, the neutral oil emulsion is used to cover the mineral surface, resulting in a strong hydrophobic floating state. In this way, the mineral can be attached to the foams firmly to complete the separation.

Many problems should be paid attention to in the flotation of copper ore, such as the length of the vulcanization time, whether to add sodium sulphide in batches and the proportion of chemicals. Here is a brief introduction.

1 The vulcanization time. Different ores require different vulcanization times. Generally speaking, it should be short rather than longer. The suitable vulcanization time is 1 to 3 minutes. After 6 minutes, the recovery rate and concentrate grade will decrease.

2 Add sodium sulfide in batches. The roughing time for processing the ore in the concentrator is about ten minutes, while the ore contains a large amount of carbonaceous gangue and the divalent sulfur ions disappear quickly in the slurry. So the effect of adding sodium sulfide in batches is better than that of adding it once.

3 Add sodium sulfide proportionally. Generally, copper oxide floats in the liquid at a slower speed, and reduce the number of cycles of the mineral in the flotation process can obtain a higher recovery rate. It is of great significance to study the distribution ratio of sodium sulfide among different operations to catch the mineral at the right time.

The chemical beneficiation method is often used for refractory copper oxide and mixed copper. For some copper oxide minerals with high copper content, fine mosaic size and rich sludge, the chemical beneficiation method will be used to obtain good indicators because the flotation method is difficult to realize the separation.

The solution of ammonia and ammonium carbonate in a concentration of 12.5% was used as the solvent to leach for 2.5h at a temperature of 150, a pressure of 1925175~2026500Pa. The mother liquor can be distilled by steam at 90 to separate ammonia and carbon dioxide. Copper, on the other hand, is precipitated from the solution as black copper oxide powder.

Because some copper oxide minerals are not tightly combined with iron, manganese, etc., it is difficult to separate them by using the magnetic separation method alone, and flotation has a good separation effect.

Therefore, the flotation method is used to obtain high-grade concentrates, the magnetic separation is for tailings and wet smelting is carried out finally. This process combines flotation, magnetic and wet smelting very well, which greatly increases the recovery rate and reduces the beneficiation cost.

The above are several common beneficiation methods for copper oxide minerals. For the selection of copper oxide minerals, it is best to conduct a professional beneficiation test and customize the process according to the report.

Flotation is the most widely used method in copper mine production. The copper ore pulp is stirred and aerated, and the ore particles adhere to the foams under the action of various flotation agents. The foams rise to form a mineralized foam layer, which is scraped or overflowed by the scraper. This series of flotation processes are all completed in the flotation machine. (Contact Manufacturer)

The internal magnetic system of the barrel adopts a short circuit design to ensure that the barrel skin has no magnetic resistance at high speeds, and the stainless-steel barrel skin does not generate high temperatures, extending the life of the magnetic block.

Since it adopts a dynamic magnetic system design, the roller does not stick to the material, which is conducive to material sorting. The selected grade can be increased by 3-6 times to more than 65%.

Copper mines are generally purified by flotation, but for the beneficiation of copper minerals with coarser grain size and higher density, the pre-selection by the gravity separation method will greatly reduce the cost and achieve flotation indicators.

As a leading mining machinery manufacturer and exporter in China, we are always here to provide you with high quality products and better services. Welcome to contact us through one of the following ways or visit our company and factories.

Based on the high quality and complete after-sales service, our products have been exported to more than 120 countries and regions. Fote Machinery has been the choice of more than 200,000 customers.

the gold smelting process - melting, smelting & refining

the gold smelting process - melting, smelting & refining

Many people confuse gold smelting with melting. Whereas gold melting is simply heating gold to turn into a liquid form before forming gold bars, smelting is a more complex process that involves the removal of impurities from gold using heat, pressure and a number of chemicals.

The smelting of gold is not a new process. According to ancient literature, gold smelting has being used as early as 6000 BC. According to most sources, the smelting was in use in the early days of the ancient towns in Mesopotamia such as Babylon in what is now Syria.

The Greek philosopher Heraclitus also extensively wrote about gold smelting during the Greek civilization. A lot of other materials from several other places across the world such as Egypt, China, parts of Asia and Africa have also shown that gold smelting was done thousands of years ago.

During the early days of human civilization gold ore was dug out from the ground, crushed using simple tools, then the ore washed in water and then the recovered gold smelted in earthen kilns. The same process used today (with a few improvement) that has come with this same available technology.

The first step in gold smelting involves processing the gold ore. The ore containing gold once mined from the earth is processed by separating gold minerals from the crude matter holding the ore together. The gold ore is then pulverized using pressure to create very fine particles.

These fine particles are then heated in a furnace to temperatures above 1064 degrees Celsius the melting point of gold. The heating process burns most of the impurities but some like other metal elements remain.

Some chemicals found in the gold ore can be quite dangerous both the health of the smelter and the longevity of the smelting equipment. It is, therefore, important that such elements are first removed from the gold materials before smelting takes place. Such chemicals include:

Mercury is dangerous to our health when in gaseous form. Gold recovered from the ore by the Merrill-Crowe process or by the elecrowinning method is likely to contain traces of mercury. To remove these traces of mercury from the gold you must heat it in a retort.

The Amalgamation Process that employed mercury in the recovery of gold from the ore is no longer used at most major mines, but gold-rich ore often has some traces of mercury that may still stick to gold even after the precipitation and the leaching process. If not removed from the ore this mercury is likely to under volatilization during the smelting process and can cause serious health and environmental problems.

Iron in the gold ore can be oxidized with the Nitre and this can corrode your smelting pot increasing the smelting cost and in other cases may cause leaks which can be catastrophic and result in huge losses. The iron in the gold ore can be removed by the oxidation of the iron by use of either a forced air oven or nitric acid. The iron oxide may then be removed from the gold materials to be smelted and thus reducing the problems that may be caused by their oxidation inside the smelter.

Once the raw ore has been processed the next step of the gold smelting process involves the use of chemicals to remove impurities from gold. At this stage, most of the impurities in the gold material are traces of other metal elements.

Gold can easily be purified at this stage by using chemicals such as potassium cyanide or mercury. The two chemicals mostly are often used in gold purification because they make gold elements to coagulate together forming gold nuggets and clumps. This way they are easily separated from other materials.

Once the gold has been purified it is put into the furnace one last time so that it is melted in readiness for it to be mold into ingots. Before gold is sold it is usually made in form of gold bars of various sizes and shapes. These are what are referred to as ingots.

Finished gold can then be used to make a number of items such as jewelry and other electrical components. Sometimes items made from the gold ingots may be recycled so that they are made into different items. Gold from such sources must undergo another smelting process to remove impurities before it is used to make a new item.

Smelting is not always the final stage in gold extraction. Depending on the intended use of the gold, it may have to be refined before being put to use. Refining gold is simply the process of removing the finer impurities that the smelting process could not remove.

This is a chlorination process that refines gold to a purity of about 99.5%. The process involves blowing chlorine bubbles through molten gold which reacts with metallic impurities forming a chloride slag that is separate from pure gold and floats on top. Gold produced here is then cast into bars ready for the market.

For higher purity of gold, the Wohlwill method is used. The method produces the gold purity of as high as 99.999%. This is an electrolytic process that uses pure gold as the cathode and Chloroauric acid as the electrolyte. When an electric current is passed through the setup, gold is dissolved at the anode and while pure gold is deposited on the cathode.

The other metal impurities in the gold being refined forms either a soluble chloride or an insoluble chloride slime that is easily removed. This method is more popular with the industrial refining of gold when compared to other gold refining processes.

This is a relatively new method for refining gold. The method as the name suggests refines gold by separating it from other metal elements using an electrolytic cell set up. The electrolytic cell is set up in such a way that when an electric current is passed through, all the other metallic elements dissolve except platinum and gold. The process produces gold of up 99.5% purity. A repeat of the process may further improve the purity of gold produced by this method.

Gold smelting is an important process in the production of gold. It enables gold miners to separate impurity materials from pure gold that is desirable in the market. Smelting often produces gold to the purity over 90%. To improve the quality of the gold mined, gold miners have to refine the gold. This process takes the smelted gold and using a number of methods removes the often difficult to remove metallic elements from the gold thus improving its final purity.

what is silver smelting? (with pictures)

what is silver smelting? (with pictures)

Smelting is a method of melting ore, which is rock containing valuable metals, to purify out the contents. Silver smelting to extract pure silver from lead- and copper-based ores has been a practice since at least 2,000 BC. The metal was discovered in its natural state and used for jewelry as early as 4,000 BC. Processes for refining silver through smelting were only discovered after the smelting of gold and copper were first perfected, with gold being worked as far back as 6,000 BC.

Of the 12 original metals known to exist prior to the 18th century, silver was the one precious metal that was the most reactive, causing it to be rare in its pure form. Most ores used in smelting silver contain only very small concentrations of the metal, usually less than 1% of the total ore content. For this reason, silver smelting is often a beneficial byproduct of refining copper or lead, and it is a multi-stage process.

Copper-bearing ores that contain around 0.2% silver are first crushed and then smelted in a blister process that produces a waste product known as slime, which contains up to 20% silver content. The slime is then oxidized in an additional silver smelting furnace, which removes all ore components except silver, gold, and platinum metals. This material, known as dorZ, typically contains less than 1% gold and around 1% platinum, with the bulk of the content being silver. The dorZ is electrolytically treated in a silver-copper nitrate solution, using either the Moebius or Thum Balbach systems, each of which position the electrodes differently, and the resulting silver content is 99.9% to 99.99% pure.

Lead concentrates that contain silver are first roasted, which is a precursor state to silver smelting used to drive off sulfur compounds in the ore, and this produces lead bullion. The impurities in lead bullion include arsenic, tin, and silver, and this silver is then removed through the Parkes process, named after Alexander Parkes, a UK metallurgist who patented it in 1850. The Parkes process involves adding zinc to the liquid lead bullion, as silver is more likely to dissolve in zinc, so it migrates away from the lead. The zinc is then removed from the silver by vacuum retorting, a type of distillation. The remaining silver contains traces of lead and gold, which is treated through cupellation that oxidizes off the lead at a temperature of 1,450 Fahrenheit (788 Celsius).

Zinc concentrates that contain silver are also roasted and sulfuric acid is added to leach away the zinc. Slag fuming is then used to mix the remaining ore with coke and air to produce lead bullion in the silver smelting furnace. This lead bullion is then processed in the same way that lead ores are to produce silver, using the same type of smelting equipment.

how to identify silver ore | our pastimes

how to identify silver ore | our pastimes

Silver is a precious metal located throughout the world in geological deposits. Colorado's state nickname is the "Silver State" due to the large deposits of silver ore found there. Silver is extracted from the ore by a smelting or leaching procedure. Here's how to identify silver ore.

Watch for areas of quartz deposits. Quartz is considered the host rock for many silver deposits. Quartz is a crystalline structure that has a white to clear appearance. Bright white quartz with streaks of gray are a good indicator of the presence of silver ore.

Inspect each rock carefully since some silver deposits will be barely visible. Some silver runs through its host rock as "spider veins" that streak the interior of the rock and terminate just at the surface.

This article was written by a professional writer, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. To submit your questions or ideas, or to simply learn more, see our about us page: link below.

silver beneficiation process,silver ore beneficiation equipment,silver crushing process - ore beneficiation plant - nant common rail test bench

silver beneficiation process,silver ore beneficiation equipment,silver crushing process - ore beneficiation plant - nant common rail test bench

Application Type: beneficiation production line Beneficiation technology as follow: 1. Flotation and Gravity technology 2. Flotation and Magnetic Separating technology 3. Gravity and Magnetic Separating technology 4. Flotation, Gravity and Magnetic Separating technology Generally speaking, silver ore beneficiation process can be divided into the following steps, namely, communication, grading, separating, concentrating and drying.

1. FOB: Qingdao,Tianjin or Shanghai 2. Delivery time: within 20 days after payment. 3. Term of Payment : 30% by T/T before production and balance T/T before loading. 4. Packing: Nude packing 5. Installation: we would send our technician for operation as buyer's requirement.

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ebay

ebay

Getting the right mining equipment can help you see success in the mining industry. Finding the right equipment does not have to be difficult. Here are some of the more common questions that may come up when searching for mining equipment to complete your supply.

Jaw crushers work well with medium to fine crushed materials. The quality of the materials produced from this type of equipment are suitable for lab or production use. Jaw crushers can be used on materials including iron ore, calcite, slag, basalt, and others.

tcb metals and refining

tcb metals and refining

Do you have value locked inside your ore concentrates? We can unlock that value and convert your ore into cash. TCB Metals and Refining, specializes in the recovery of precious metals from your ore concentrates. We invite you to learn more about our company by clicking the link below.

Located in the heart of Phoenix, AZ is TCB's state of the art, closed loop, metals refining, and recovery facility. Utilizing our proprietary continuous leach and recovery technology we can unlock the value hidden inside. Contact one of our representatives today for an evaluation and estimate.

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