appalachian trail news, information, and advice

appalachian trail news, information, and advice

While most hikers will need to cary a lightweight tent, hammock, or tarp, the AT is known for its over 250 free, first-come-first-served shelters. They generally provide three walls, a roof, food hangers, and a wooden floor, and they are placed near a water source and privy about a days hike apart. Most also provide campsites for tents in the case that the shelters are full. Other places to stay along the trail include full service lodges with meals during the summer, cabins in state parks, and local inns. Photo Credits

Separate records are tracked for self-supported hikers and supported hikers. Supported hikers receive help through a crew that helps transport food, equiment, etc. Joe McConaughy actually edged out the overall fastest with 45 days, 12 hours, and 15 minutes compared to Karl Meltzer's 45 days 22 hours 38 minutes. Dale "Grey Beard" Sanders is the oldest person to have logged a thru-hike at the age of 82.

hiking the appalachian trail - the complete guide for beginners in 2021 - trailheads

hiking the appalachian trail - the complete guide for beginners in 2021 - trailheads

Thru-hiking the Appalachian Trail is certainly not a leisurely walk in the park. This 2,193-mile stretch of land, nature, and wildlife is not for the faint of heartit requires thorough research, rigorous preparation, and exceptional fortitude and resilience. Despite how intimidating that may sound, beginners can scale the Appalachian Trails numerous mountains and treat themselves to some of the most gorgeous views on earth. That journey begins with a single step: reading this resource page.

These are just some of the things you need to know: the trails history, the hike sections, how much money to prepare, gear needed, safety guidelines, and accommodations. If you want to read other specific sections, the table of contents has links you can click for faster navigation.

Take note that the information in this resource page will change from time to time to accommodate updates, ensuring that the content remains relevant and accurate. While this resource may not be the most exhaustive work on thru-hiking the Appalachian Trail, this should provide you enough helpful information to make your preparations. For clarifications, comments, and other concerns, please don't hesitate to contact us.

Traversing 14 states, the Appalachian National Scenic Trail, or the Appalachian Trail, is one of Americas most famous long-distance footpaths. The whole journey is 2,193 miles in length, showcasing the grandeur of nature including breathtaking valleys, meadows stretching as far as the eye can see, many mountain peaks and miles upon miles of forest. The Trail was opened to the public in 1937 and now accommodates short-term hikers, section hikers, and thru-hikers.

The Appalachian Trails history, just like its geographical coverage, is long and full of remarkable changes. According to the Appalachian Trail Conservancy, the proposal for the hiking trail was first presented in 1921, but the Trail was not technically completed until 2014 when a final major stretch was formally acquired and received permanent protection. To this day the Trail continues to evolve as more land is acquired or routes are slightly altered, often for conservation or sustainability reasons. In 2020 the Trail will officially be a few more miles in length than in 2019.

In 1921 a man named Benton MacKaye introduced his proposal for a hiking trail that would traverse the Appalachian Mountain range. Being a regional planner, he dreamed of a long-distance trail that would challenge hiking proponents of his day. Not a fan of the changing pace of life during the 1920s, MacKaye thought of the Trail as a way to reconnect with the land- a Utopian Refuge of sorts. He also wanted to establish self-sustaining camps near the Trail so visitors could appreciate the peaceful humility of mountain living.

It was said that the inspiration for the project dawned on MacKaye while he was perched on a treetop at Stratton Mountain in Vermont. One would guess that the inspiration came from the view, but colleagues describe MacKayes vision as more political and philosophical than pragmatic, largely influenced by the significant changes that transpired after World War I.

The Industrial Revolution brought about rapid economic growth, but the United States was still reeling from the effects of World War I. The clash between rural values and urban values culminated in the rise of the temperance movement and the Prohibition era, and the rise of gangsterism.

In 1925, several years after making his first proposal public, MacKaye and a few people who shared his dream established an organization dedicated to bringing his vision to reality. MacKaye and his followers held the Appalachian Trail Conference (ATC) to present a more concrete plan. They wished to create a walking trail that ran from Georgia to New England. The ATC would eventually become what we know as the Appalachian Trail Conservancy, though the name would not be changed until 2005.

As one could expect from a project of this proportion, the path to its realization had its share of challenges. The project lagged initially due to lack of support. The group had succeeded in connecting the pioneering paths in the north, but little had been done in the south.

By the end of the 20s, a man named Arthur Perkins, a retired Connecticut Judge, took control of the project. Perkins in turn introduced Myron Avery to the effort. Avery ultimately succeeded Perkins in the leadership of the ATC and would become a very important name in the history of the Appalachian Trail.

But there was one major problem: Avery and MacKaye, the original founder, held contrasting views on the future of the Trail. While MacKayes vision was more philosophical and romantic, Averys was more practical. Avery was responsible for much of the actual construction effort and he pared back the project. It would no longer include the camps and farms that MacKaye had envisioned for reintroducing people to a life lived off the land. It would be simply a trail and its purpose would be to walk and experience the natural world. By 1935, MacKaye started to halt his personal involvement in the project and left Avery as the main overseer. Avery proved to be instrumental to moving the project forward, completing a footpath that stretched from Georgia to Maine two years later in 1937.

One of the major hurdles was legislative in nature. Congress authorized the Blue Ridge Parkway as an extension of Skyline Drive, displacing 120 miles (193 kilometers) of the Trail in the North. Avery famously referred to the event as a major catastrophe in the history of the Appalachian [Trail]. (Source)

Another was natural. A hurricane wreaked havoc in New England and rendered hundreds of trail miles impassable. Land disputes with private owners whose properties were traversed by the Trail also started to cause trouble. The lack of progress was further exacerbated by the Second World War, when many people were being drafted and resources were limited.

For these reasons, not much was accomplished during these tumultuous years until Earl Shaffer became the first man to hike the Appalachian Trail all the way through in 1948. Previously, thru hiking was thought impossible. Even the founders of the Trail had not foreseen the Appalachian Trail being hiked in its entirety. By breaking the myth, Shaffer inspired fellow hikers to take interest in this new challenge and the caretakers were inspired to renew their efforts on the project.

Much of the 50s and 60s were dedicated to refining the Appalachian corridor. But as urbanization started to creep into many of the previous rural areas, the ATC once again faced issues with encroachment. This time, the ATC sought legislative backing. These efforts were led by co-chairs Stanley Murray and Murray Stevens, who took over the organizations leadership after Averys passing.

Thankfully, their efforts were not in vain. In 1968, President Lyndon B. Johnson successfully made the Appalachian Trail the first national scenic trail under the National Park System by passing into law the National Trails System Act. Under this new law, the entire Appalachian Trail would be considered federal land. Despite this success, the long process of acquiring the Trail land and giving it protection took almost half a century.

Gene Espy completed the Trail in 1951, becoming the second person to thru hike the Trail. He wrote a book called The Trail of My Life, which moved more people to undertake the challenge. By 1969, 59 people had completed thru-hikes. But it was Ed Garveys book in 1971 that really sparked a surge in thru-hiking by raising public awareness of the Trail. After completing the Trail in 1970, Garvey inspired thousands by sharing his story in Appalachian Hiker. Here, he related not only the personal thoughts and emotions he experienced during his journey, but also practical information that benefited readers interested in following his footsteps.

The reality of how long it takes to hike the entirety of the Appalachian doesnt dawn on some hikers until they see in full detail how far the Trail stretches. This satellite image renders a birds-eye view of the staggering task that thru hikers are excited to undertake.

The Appalachian Trail crosses 14 U.S. states, from Georgia to North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, and all the way to Maine. Overall, the Trail is 2,193 miles (3529.291 kilometers) long.

Many successful thru-hikers will agree that the Maine stretch is perhaps the toughest of the entire trail. Prepare to go through the infamous Mahoosuc Notch, the hardest mile of the Appalachian Trail, and the Hundred- Mile Wilderness that courses through the rugged state. Another well-known feature of the Trail is stream crossings without bridges, which you should traverse with care, especially when there are forecasts of rain or when the snow is thawing in the spring.

The New Hampshire part of the Trail, especially through the White Mountains, will test your endurance. Crossing Franconia Ridge and the Presidential Range is difficult. The New Hampshire Trail varies from 400-6,288 feet in elevation. But the hard work is worth it, because this is the state where you spend the most time above the treeline, promising scenic routes across ridges with uninterrupted vistas and stunning sunsets. This part of the Trail is a popular training ground for many hikers planning their thru hikes or preparing for other tough international expeditions.

Vermont is one of the easier parts of the Trail. Youll create fantastic memories of walking through a verdant forest (or, if youre passing through in the fall, gorgeous orange foliage), rolling hills, and fields. 100 miles of the AT in Vermont is shared with the Long Trail which runs from Massachusetts to Canada and is one of the oldest long distance hiking trails in the country. It was one of the very first trails to be incorporated into the Appalachian Trail. This section of the Trail is best used in late summer and early fall. In spring months- particularly in April and May, the rain can pour heavily on your path. Vermont has earned the nickname Vermud among hikers

Passing through the Massachusetts section of the Appalachian Trail treats you to dramatic landscape views atop the states highest point, Mount Greylock. Said to have inspired Herman Melville to write the literary classic Moby-Dick, Mount Greylock stands at an elevation of 3,491 feet (1 kilometer). The Trail runs through hills and valleys and even small towns. Youll be predominantly surrounded by nature, but without the distinct remoteness of the Maine wilderness

Georgia brings much to your Appalachian Trail wilderness experience. The Trail can sometimes be rugged, albeit navigable. Your journey will most likely start or end in this state atop Springer Mountain making it a memorable and emotional stretch of your journey regardless of the challenges it holds.

The Appalachian Trail runs through Kent, passing within two miles of our TrailHeads Headquarters. Connecticut is the gateway to New England. Unlike in the south, much of the Northern Trail does not have switchbacks. Switchbacks can make long climbs easier as you gain elevation more slowly. In Connecticut, though you may not go as far up, youll be headed straight up. The Trail passes over Bear Mountain, the highest peak in the state. There is also a wheelchair-accessible section of the Trail in Falls Village.

Sharing Tennessees state border for 224.7 miles (362 kilometers), the North Carolina part of the Trail stretches 5,498 feet (1.7 kilometers). This section contains the highest parts of the AT including Clingmans Dome - half in North Carolina and half in Tennessee, which rises to 6,643 feet. Remember you will need to secure a permit for hiking the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

In Bear Mountain State Park, you will pass through the lowest point of the Trail, which is at 124 feet (38 meters).The Trail passes within 30 miles of New York City and some hikers will choose to briefly leave the Trail and get a lift into the City for some urban adventure.

With elevation of up to 6,625 feet (2 kilometers), the Tennessee part of the Appalachian Trail will have you traversing incredibly high mountains. The Trail continues for 160 miles (257 kilometers) more, sharing North Carolinas state border. You will need a permit for hiking the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Be sure to secure one as you are planning your hike.

Despite being fairly close to civilization, New Jersey provides most hikers with the feeling of adequate off-gridness. The terrain is diverse; it has wetlands, bogs, steep slopes, flatlands, etc. New Jersey begins one of the sections of trail where you are more likely to encounter black bears. (Another hotspot for bear activity is in the Smokies.) On the off chance you meet a fuzzy new friend you should know how to keep your cool and make sure you have equipment to keep your food safe at night

Just like in Maryland, passing through West Virginia is a walk through history. The Appalachian Trail in West Virginia crosses through Harpers Ferry, home to the Appalachian Trail Conservancy, the location of John Browns Fort, a Civil War museum, and several remarkable 19th-century structures.

If youre thinking of stopping in town, you will find refuge in several private bed-and-breakfasts, inns, and hostels. There is no camping allowed in the town, but there are some campgrounds nearby.

Ridges run through most of the Pennsylvania pathway of the Appalachian Trail, and they feature both rocky and flat arteries. Pennsylvanias nickname in the hiking community is rocksylvania. The southern part of these miles may allow leisurely walking and is probably the easiest of the whole trail, but the northern parts present some challenging descents. A fun part of the Pennsylvania trail is getting to the Half Gallon Challenge where thru hikers try to eat an entire half gallon of ice cream.

Virginias portion of the Appalachian Trail is the longest of any state. Fortunately, the path is dominated by easily navigable farmlands and flat paths. The combination of majestic scenes and leisurely trail makes it perfect for those who are still testing the waters in hiking.

Maryland is one of the most historical parts of the Appalachian Trail. Maryland is rich in civil history and is the location of the original Washington Monument. The hike is moderate in difficulty. The best months to hike through the Maryland section of the Trail are from the middle of April to the middle of June or from September to October.

Where you stay during your hike will depend on many factors. What kind of accomodation is available depends on the state you are in and whether camping is permitted or not. For example in the Smokies you are required to stay in shelters due to high wildlife activity. This is part of the reason why you must obtain a permit for hiking this section.

You should pack and prepare for a variety of accommodation, meaning even if you intend to make a lot of use of shelters you should have a tent along in case you need to spend a night camping. You should also consider having a bit of cash on you as the occasional shelter has a small fee, or sometimes hikers opt to spend a night in town at a motel to take a brief break from the Trail.

Part of the development of the Appalachian Trail has been the setting up of shelters where hikers can rest during their journey. Currently, there are 260 such shelters, distributed along the Trails 2,193-mile length. Usually, you can find one roughly every 8.5 miles (13 kilometers). Some can be farther apart and are located a few miles from the Trails main path

You can easily recognize these shelters- often made from wood, usually resembling small log cabins, and typically a lean-to style with three walls and an open front. The wooden floor is elevated a couple of feet from the ground to prevent damp from seeping in to prolong the life of the shelter. Some can look like small barns, while some can resemble custom-made homes.

These shelters can typically house up to eight people, and hikers can occupy them on a first-come, first-served basis. However, some parts of the Trail require you to secure reservations. In some areas, special permits, registrations, and payments have to be made in order to have the use of the shelters.

A durable, lightweight tent is a staple for every Appalachian Trail hiker. It is one of the most important investments you can make. Secure one that can get you through wet and snow, sun and rain. Whether youre a flip-flop hiker, section hiker, or thru-hiker, a great tent ensures adequate protection, shelter, and rest on days when you need to camp out. Learn more about choosing the perfect tent for your Appalachian Trail journey here.

Harpers Ferry in West Virginia, which can be accessed via the Amtrak trains that travel daily to and from Washington, DC. Union Station or the Maryland Area Regional Commuter (MARC). There are two trains operating every day, morning and evening, no weekends.

There are various transit points for anyone whod like to arrive at an access point of the Appalachian Trail by bus. However, they are not available in all 14 states. If youre traveling in cities without bus transits to the Trail, you are better off using a car. You can either rent, get a lift from a friend or use a rideshare service, to take you to the trailhead.

There is a special sort of community that develops while on the Trail. Hikers might start out on their own, but they will often form groups and friendships with others walking a similar pace. When a group like this forms it is known as your tramily.

A rite of passage and distinguishing element of the AT community is taking on a trail name. Hikers rarely refer to one another by their given names. Instead those who are thru hiking will adopt a new moniker of their choice. It often has something to do with your personality, appearance, or particular aspect of your identity while on the Trail. You can choose your own trail name or ask another hiker to come up with one for you

But the Trail community is wider than just those who are thru hiking it in a particular year. There are Trail Angels (practitioners of trail magic), and Ridge Runners - employees for the ATC who frequently hike and take care of a particular stretch of trail, Caretakers who for periods of the year live in and look after particular shelters, and many volunteers who work to protect and maintain the Trail so it can be used for generations to come.

In the simplest terms, Trail Magic can only be described as a tradition of gratitude. Trail Magic is the small acts of generosity and kindness that one individual gives another on the Trail.

Throughout the years, hikers from all walks of life have shared their own stories of receiving kindness from strangers. They talk about finding food items left at a shelter, a cooler filled with water or beer at a trailhead, being offered a ride into town or a place to stay for the night. This culture of selfless giving inspires those who have been helped to help in return, creating a cycle of generosity.

The term Trail Angels refers to individuals who directly give assistance to hikers during their journey. They may be ridge runners, hiker-feeding organizers, or a kind stranger who gives you a ride to the next town.

The Appalachian Trail became the extraordinary beloved path that it is today because of the incredible men and women who put in the time and effort to build and protect it. At the heart of the Appalachian Trail community are the volunteers who tirelessly contribute to trail-related work including maintaining the pathways and the shelters and manning the visitor centers.

If you wish to become an AT volunteer you can explore the opportunities here. Many States have their own club dedicated to preserving their stretch of trail. And there are frequent work days led by the clubs that are open to the public.

If you want to spend a day away from city noise or the minutiae of your everyday routine, a day hike through a portion of the Appalachian Trail is what you need. Take a leisurely stroll or a whole-day hike, either alone or with a partner or group

Since the Appalachian Trail has a fair number of road crossings and entrances it is not hard to find a section that can be done in a day. A lot of people choose to hike out and back along the A.T. to experience particular peaks

Some people do this in preparation for hiking the entire trail. Others with time constraints prefer this shorter alternative to the months-long journey of thru-hiking. There are some people who complete the Appalachian Trail by section hiking a different portion each year

Encompassing the states of Georgia, North Carolina, and Tennessee, the Southern Mountains present the first notable challenges to the Trails NOBO thru-hikers. The terrain is characterized by wooded mountains, grasslands, and beautiful, scenic pathways. The Southern Mountains contain the highest climbs of the Trail, but due to the use of switchbacks they can be easier than the steep ascents found in New England

Situated in the Virginias is the site of the Appalachian Trail Conservancy headquarters. This section of the Trail runs through two states, Virginia and West Virginia, which are, respectively, the longest and the shortest parts of the Trail. Passing through the Virginias means passing through tall ascents and descents, and navigating ridges, as well as some pleasant ambles.

The Mid-Atlantic features low-elevated terrains through wetlands and ridges, rocky terrains, and farms. The Mid-Atlantic is also characteristically remote compared to other sections of the trail, although thru-hikers do pass by interstates, freeways, and towns at certain points. The Mid-Atlantic trail section covers Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, and Massachusetts.

NOBO hikers will find their final, yet arguably most difficult challenge in the mountains of New England. If you are hiking southbound, this part offers a challenging start. From Vermont through New Hampshire and Maine, steep ascents and descents, muddy trails (especially during fall and spring months), and rocky slopes will put your skills to the test. But the effort is not without the reward of notable lake scenes and stunning mountainscapes that will pull you forward and refresh your morale. While much of the Appalachian Trail is referred to as the green tunnel due to the amount of time spent in the forest, the White Mountains of New Hampshire allow you to peak out above the treeline and enjoy some truly epic vistas.

If youre a beginner in hiking, you are better off finding an alternative route around the Mahoosuc Notch, considered the most difficult mile of the entire Appalachian Trail. Prepare to pass through this rugged wilderness over colossal boulders. Only the most seasoned hikers are encouraged to do this day hike

This challenging ascent gains an elevation of more than 4,000 feet in just 5 miles through rocky ridges. But it is also, undoubtedly, one of the most scenic and astounding mountains to climb. Baxter Peak on Katahdin is the Northern Terminus of the A.T.

Hikers can expect a steep rock face at Mount Madison, which is almost 3,000 feet high and reaches that elevation in only 2.6 miles of path. It is recommended that you start your hike as early in the day as possible

The lowest elevation point of the Trail can be found before climbing the steep, rugged assault of Anthonys Nose. Anthonys Nose itself can be completed within a day or even an afternoon since its very short, but the difficult terrain presents a great challenge.

You will pass through the ridgelines that weave through the Cherokee National Forest and traverse the remaining miles to Cross Mountain. You are likely to pass and stay at the highest shelter on the AT, the Roan High Knob Shelter.

A staggering 7,000-foot ascent is rewarded with amazing waterscapes and scenic vistas. Past the Three Ridges Wilderness, you will find the Hanging Rock Vista, Chimney Rock Vista, and Flat Rock Vista. Camping is easy on the waterside.

A few days of forest hike through waterfalls and over mountaintops highlight the Taconic Highlands hike. This route can also be experienced through day hikes accessed from Route 41 in the Housatonic Valley.

If you love the water, passing through the rich waterscapes along this route will surely be a treat. The Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area offers plenty of hiking routes in the area aside from the AT.

The Blue Mountains Trail is home to Hawk Mountain, famous for migratory raptors that grace the wilderness every fall. Hikers are serenaded with marvelous farmland sceneries and the sheer beauty of the cliffs, Bake Oven Knob, and Pinnacle

The Springer Mountain Trail takes you close to the original AT footpath, the Benton MacKaye Trail. The peaks of the mountain forest conclude in a grassy montage and descend into spectacular oak valleys.

The rugged mountainscapes that dot the Presidential Range make it one of the most reputably difficult of the short hike trails. The Kinsman Range and the terrains of Mount Washington and Mount Moosilauke create a network of arduous and dramatic passes that inclement weather can make less navigable. However, the views are as rewarding as they are difficult to get to.

This section is an easy trail that is highly recommended for beginners or hikers who just want a leisurely time ambling through nature. The wildlife you will encounter is plenty and diverse, and there are shops nearby. The Trail also presents fewer climbs.

Flip Flop hikers complete the full trail, but they do it in a nonlinear fashion, completing a section and then getting transported to the start of another section moving up and down the Trail in any number of ways until they have been through all the sections. Though there are any number of possibilities to divide up the Trail some popular flip flop routes have developed over the years. Flip flop hiking is less common, but it helps you avoid crowds on the Trail since many people will start within a fairly short time frame at one of the traditional terminuses.

When to hike: beginning of April. This is recommended for those who want to get started early and have plenty of time on their hands to finish the thru-hike. It is an easier start to your thru hike.

Appalachian Trail hikers are guided by trail markers that help them stay on track throughout their journey. These markings, called blazes, are distributed at fairly regular intervals from one another. If a hiker fails to see any blazes or other trail markings for more than a quarter of a mile, they are advised to retrace their path until they can see a trail marker again

Blazes are vertical rectangles two to six inches in length. Blazes marking the main Trail are painted in white on tree bark, rock surfaces, and signposts to guide hikers along the Appalachian Trail.

Blue blazes mark anything on the Trail thats not part of the official route. In most cases, these side trails lead to a water source, an awesome bit of scenery, a shelter or campsite. Sometimes, they can also signify an alternate route where you can rejoin the main Trail some miles up or down the path

Blaze marks on parts of the Trail situated above the tree line may not be easily seen when theres fog or snow. In these areas rock cairns sometimes signal hikers where the path leads and help them to avoid getting lost.

Parts of the Trail pass through towns and residential areas. This can make it easy for you to continually resupply along the way. However, there are a few remote sections, such as the 100-mile wilderness in Maine, where you will have to carry extra supplies. There are other towns that dont have many options to re-supply. In these areas consider having a friend or family member send you a pre-prepared re-supply package to the local post office. This is referred to as a mail drop. Some businesses, particularly outfitters along the Trail, will also accept re-supply packages, but you should call ahead to ask.

Bring a map or compass. The Trail is marked, but you never know when an emergency may warrant the need for accurate direction. Or if you prefer a more modern approach there are also apps such as Guthook Guides that can provide trail maps, stats and updated information on water sources and shelter details.

Make use of bear containers to keep your food safe. Some states will allow you to hang a bear bag instead. Check the regulations in each state you are passing through. If you encounter a black bear, keep calm, and speak in a loud, monotone voice to encourage the animal to move on.

Dont agitate snakes when you encounter one. Act calm and walk away, or let it pass. There are some venomous snakes who make the Trail their home. In general acquainting yourself with the types of wildlife you may encounter and how to recognize them is helpful before setting out.

The Trail is not just long but also, in critical parts, difficult. It pays to travel light. Dont bring extra gear. The Trail does vary some in climate so you may want to send extra clothing home in hotter areas, or have warm gear in specific re-supply boxes that you can pick up as you go. You will learn what is and isnt necessary for you as you hike. Dont be afraid to go through your pack and send extra gear home or leave it in hiker boxes for others who may need it.

The weather is one of the most challenging factors even for seasoned hikers. Plan your journey beforehand, and preferably, trek during months when the weather is good. When you can, check the forecast before leaving shelter each morning so you know what to expect from the day.

There are a lot of ascents and descents. The Appalachian Trail was designed to bring people to the mountains, so when there is a choice between going around or going up, the path always goes up.

The Great Smoky Mountains National Park requires hikers to present a permit and pay a small fee for overnight use. Shenandoah National Park also asks for a permit, but no fee is required. Baxter State Park requires a free permit if you are a long-distance hiker.

A backpack that has all the right features isnt the only thing you need when packing. Knowing what to pack and how to pack correctly all ensure that your travel load is as lightweight as possible during your trip.

The items you use while hiking should be placed in your backpacks pockets. Items you use on your break (e.g., toiletries or lunch) should be situated at moderate-access areas like the front pocket or the top pouch. Meanwhile, things that you will be using only at camp should be located in the middle or at the bottom of your pack.

Keep your lighter gear at the bottom and top internal cavities; the heavy ones, in the middle of the pack. By properly distributing the weight of your pack, you prevent it from straining your shoulders and hurting your back.

Remember that you will be carrying your backpack throughout your journey. If you are thru-hiking, thats an incredibly long time to be carrying a pack that gives you back and muscle pains. When purchasing make sure you get the right fit and learn how to adjust the straps properly for the correct placement. Always carry your pack on both shoulders and use the chest and hip straps to help distribute weight.

According to a survey conducted among 150 hikers in 2016, the average base weight of their packs was 20 pounds 5 pounds. Base weight is everything you have in your pack at all times, essentially your gear. Water and food will bring your pack weight up and down as you consume and re-supply.

There are some hikers who define themselves as Ultra Light who do everything they can to trim down their load, from cutting off excess fabric on their backpack to trimming down their toothbrush handle.

Anyone can hike the Appalachian Trail regardless of prior experience in hiking. However, that doesnt mean you should start the Trail unprepared. It can be tough for first-time hikers who have to learn trail knowledge in theory. You should do proper research and, if possible, training prior to your thru hike to help ensure your own safety and the safety of others on the Trail.

There are many different ways to train physically for an AT thru-hike. Some hikers practice hiking smaller trails first to improve their stamina. However, you can also engage in other training methods:

You may want to do some mental training as well. On the Trail you might be on your own for fair stretches of time. Meditation is a very good option for some. It has you practicing your breathing and taking control of your internal world. As well as developing calm you will also need to be confident in your ability to problem solve. Practice how to be self-reliant when using your gear, know all the SOPs when encountering wild animals, and what to do in an emergency.

A typical AT hiker consumes anywhere between 2,500 and 4,500 calories on a daily basis. The number varies with every individuals weight and metabolism. On the Trail, you are advised to eat as much and as often as you can to keep up with your daily walking ritual.

When youre out on the Trail youre likely to hear the term hiker hunger which develops as you progress in your thru hike. Hiker hunger is both the continual day-dreaming about, and urge to eat food all day long, and the ability to actually eat massive amounts - much more than would ordinarily satisfy you. Many hikers keep snacks that they can munch on in the pockets of their backpack to eat between meals.

Hikers on the AT typically wont have difficulties finding water to drink, though there are some states where longer water carries may be necessary during dry spells. AT maps and guidebooks readily list the location of common water sources. Some hiking apps also have information on water sources - since apps like Guthook Guides can be updated by current hikers you may get more recent information than in a guide book, which will help you know what sources are flowing and which have gone dry. You should also check for updates from the ATC who sometimes give information on particularly notable trail conditions on their site or via their social media.

The locations of shelters are usually close to springs, streams, lakes, and riversall of which are naturally abundant along the Appalachian Trail. When possible it is better to choose a flowing water source rather than a stagnant one. Choose springs, streams, and rivers over lakes and ponds when possible. Always treat and purify the water before you consume it.

The average cost of hiking the Appalachian Trail per month is roughly $1,000. You spend this on gear expenses, trail outlays, accommodations (sometimes), and the necessary conveniences you get from some towns you pass through. Mostly you will spend it on food.

Buying brand-new gear or upgrading your existing equipment entails spending a fair amount. Prepare to spend anywhere between $1,000 and $2,000 or more for gear. Since a lot of hiking gear is long lasting equipment it is often possible to find secondhand gear as a less expensive option.

There are also hiker boxes along the way. Some shelters, outfitters, or hostels have a box where hikers can leave behind equipment that they have found they no longer need, sometimes including partially used fuel canisters. Hikers are welcome to look through and take whatever they need, so remember to ask if there is a hiker box when youre re-supplying.

Most gear expenses will be paid for before beginning your hike. Month to month- if you packed correctly - you should be spending relatively little on gear. Youll need to pick up new fuel for cooking, occasionally it will be necessary to replace something that breaks and possibly youll have to buy a new pair of shoes along the way, but most of your gear you should already have.

On average, a hiker spends $50 to $100 a day when staying in towns they pass through on the AT. This is money spent on hostels and inns, restaurants, restaurant meals, laundry services, transportation etc.

You may encounter black bears on the Appalachian Trail. They are not commonly seen, and they rarely confront people. Sightings of black bears are more common along certain sections of the Trail, such as Shenandoah National Park and parts of New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, and Massachusetts. Bears dont often come into contact with humans unless they are in search of food. At shelters and camps youll be less likely to experience an encounter if you are careful about how you store your food supply. Use bear boxes when available and bear canisters or bear bags when they are not. Practicing proper care with your food storage along the Trail will help keep both you and the bears safe.

If you come across one while you are walking on the Trail remember to stay calm. Most bears and other creatures will hear or smell you and move off well before you arrive. If you are hiking alone or are nervous about wildlife you may want to consider making an occasional deliberate noise. Talk or sing to yourself or carry a bell.

Other large mammals on the Trail include deer, elk, and moose. While it is absolutely incredible to see any of these creatures in person you should be cautious when confronted with any animals. Just because the teeth and claws are not as sharp does not make an animal less dangerous when provoked.

Aside from these, bobcats, chipmunks, river otters, beavers, squirrels, woodchucks, foxes, boars, racoons, porcupines and coyotes all call the Appalachian Trail home. Popular bird species along the AT include the ruffed grouse, raven, mourning dove, eagle, wild turkey, wood ducks, warbles, hawks, and owls.

You should have a healthy respect for all the wildlife you come across. Remember that while you are on the Trail you are passing through their homes. By being cautious you are protecting both yourself and the animals.

The Trail has earned the nickname the Green Tunnel for a reason. The Appalachian Mountains are home to expansive forests with a mix of deciduous and coniferous trees. There are miles of woodland dotted with sprawling acres of fir and spruce, sugar maple, buckeye, beech, birch, red oak, and white oak in the North. Southward, you will find vast forests of poplar, hickory, walnut, and sycamore. The western slopes of the Smokies have hemlocks, and chestnut oaks.

The Appalachian Trail is renowned for its distance. However, to those who are unfamiliar with the challenges and athleticism involved in backpacking, the Trail can be misunderstood as just a really long walk. Outsiders believe that the length constitutes the bulk of the difficulty and that there is not much danger. But that is not the whole truth.

Certain sections of the Trail present risky obstacles that even the most seasoned hikers find difficult. You need to be careful of dehydration and practice proper health and sanitation to avoid health problems while on the Trail. While most people you encounter on the Trail are friendly, you should practice basic safety precautions. It is important to be aware of what you might face on the Trail for your safety and for the safety of others.

The Appalachian Trail Conservancy (ATC) is encouraging hikers to get the COVID vaccine as soon as possible. As a result of widespread vaccinations and A.T. states relaxing COVID restrictions, the ATC has resumed the 2,000-Miler recognition program as well as the distribution of A.T. 2021 Hangtags. They do recommend continuing to social distance and carrying a mask to wear when social distancing is not a viable option. They also suggest avoiding large groups of people, not sharing food, washing your hands frequently and using personal shelters over A.T. ones even if they are available. Many shelters and visitor centers have reopened, but not all of them. You can check the status of shelters here: https://appalachiantrail.org/explore/plan-and-prepare/hiking-basics/health/covid19/a-t-restrictions/.

As with any activity a person undertakes there are some health risks associated with hiking the Trail. Since on the Appalachian Trail you will be further away from professional medical care than usual its in your best interest to be familiar with the most common health hazards hikers may encounter and what to do should you experience them.

You will be passing through areas that have high populations of ticks, mosquitoes, and black flies. It helps to have bug repellant and in your first aid kit consider having some kind of bite treatment. Of these annoyances, ticks are the biggest worry.

Ticks are present in all 14 states of the Appalachian Trail. Ticks thrive in areas with an elevation below 2,000 to 2,500 feet. They are especially common in the months of May through July and in the states of Virginia and Vermont. Ticks live close to their host populations, which include mammals like rodents, and deer and sometimes even birds. Youll find them in areas with lots of brush.

It is unlikely you will contract rabies, but since you will be closer to wildlife than usual know that foxes, bats, raccoons, and other small animals can be carriers of rabies, a viral disease that results in inflammation of the brain in humans and other mammals.

To protect against rabies keep a healthy distance from wildlife - which you should attempt to do anyway - and in particular do not approach animals who are acting outside of the normal behavior patterns for that species. For example do not approach nocturnal creatures who are out during the day.

Norovirus is a highly contagious virus that causes vomiting and diarrhea. Norovirus can be transmitted by contact with an infected person, contaminated surfaces, or by consuming contaminated food or water sources.

If you are sensible and cautious you should be able to easily avoid most of the health hazards the Trail has to offer. Should you become sick seek medical attention at the nearest town.

The shelters distributed along the length of the AT have their own privies. If you need to go before you reach any of the shelters, the SOP is to dig a six-to-eight-inch-deep cathole where you can dispose of and bury your waste.

Most hikers will only have the opportunity to shower when they pass through towns and stay in inns or hostels. If you feel like refreshing in the backcountry, you can use wipes or sponges. Wash yourself at least 200 feet away from any water source to avoid contaminating drinking water.

Hot Springs is as cozy as it sounds. Rich in local history and teeming with natural charm, this beautiful town along the AT tempts some hikers to spend a day or two to explore its music, nature, and great food.

The characteristic friendliness of this AT town is what makes Damascus a favorite among AT hikers. Be sure to visit Hey Joes Tacos for special burritos before you go on your way. Damascus hosts a celebration called Trail Days each year.

This quaint little town in Virginia has that small-town feel to it that many hikers from big cities love. Check out Mings for delightful eats and Stanimals 328 Hostel for a great stay.

Monson is a lakeside town with a great, friendly vibe. Its the first town SOBOs reach and the last town NOBOs can stop at before completing the 100 Mile Wilderness. Coming from either direction youll be looking to resupply here.

Lots of hikers love to spend a day at this lovely New Hampshire town. Its home to Dartmouth College, which means food and beverages are plentiful. This New England hub just makes it hard to turn down a zero day.

Mount Airy is the boyhood home of Andy Griffith of the Andy Griffith Show and is rumoured to be the inspiration for Mayberry. Bluegrass and acoustic music are a large part of the towns culture and history.

Many of Americas country music legends come from Pikeville. It must be the surrounding nature or the plentiful activities you can enjoy on a nice day in this majestic Kentucky town. Check out great food at Blue Raven.

If theres one thing to love about Chestertown, its the charming, friendly locals. Dont forget to stop by the Bullhouse, a restaurant that serves comfort food influenced by Latin American cuisine.

Be careful when stopping at Walhalla as you may decide to postpone your hike. This lovely South Carolina town is blessed with the most amazing natural sites and waterscapes. If that does not charm you into staying, then the steak at the local Steak House will. Hit the Esso Club for a fun time.

Bramwell is just one of those places that will make you yearn for small town America. Situated beneath Pinnacle Rock State forest, this all-American town maintains its grace and charisma. Dont miss the famed Bramwell Oktoberfest, renowned among connoisseurs of mountain music and craft beer.

Stratton is a ski town, perfect for days spent learning a new sport or taking a side hike to the summit. Visit the popular swimming hole at Pike Falls, and perhaps embark on a paddling adventure at the Batten Kill River.

A southern city home to the hilltop Lynchburg College is located east of the Blue Ridge Mountains. While youre here, dont miss Texas Inn, where you can get a taste of their classic Cheesy Western burger, which is an absolute delight.

Well admit it. Were rather partial to our quaint hometown. Kents main street is an easy distance from the Trail. You can grab a bite at one of Kents many restaurants. Theres a public bathroom with a shower that hikers can make use of and youll also find a hiker box in town.

Spring Creek Tavern and Inn is located right on the Trail, offering hikers, rafters, and tourists a quaint little place to enjoy a nice break with great food and excellent atmosphere. The tavern features outdoor seating overlooking Spring Creek. Overnight stay is available just above the tavern.

A small-town brewery with a big-city spirit, Damascus Brewery offers a great selection of beers that will quench the thirst and curiosity of passing tourists and thru-hikers. Of course, the fun time is never complete without great music.

The Devils Backbone Brewery is renowned among thru-hikers as a place of generosity. Once you arrive at Reeds Gap, call up the brewery, and itll send a shuttle to pick you upyoure home! Help yourself to gracious amounts of food and award winning beers.

Sarges offers a homey selection of beverages with an undeniably formidable character that is very accommodating to passing hikers. The people are amazing, the beer is great, and the place, unforgettable.

about the at in new hampshire - jeff ryan, author & speaker

about the at in new hampshire - jeff ryan, author & speaker

Rock formations are ubiquitous and responsible for the states unforgettable vistas. It is a hikers paradise, treating you with long stretches along mountain streams and my favoriteabove tree linewhere you can scamper above the valley fog and delight in views that span hundreds of miles.

The Appalachian Trail leads over the spines of three impressive ranges the Franconia Range, the Presidential Range, and the Carter-Moriah Range before crossing the Androscoggin River and entering Maine.

Franconia Range (shown above) Much like the Presidentials, there are long sections of exposedridgeline, where there is no escape from poor weather conditions, you need to choose your traversing days carefully.

Presidential Range The Presidential peaks create an inspiring set of milestones beforeyou: Jackson, Pierce, Eisenhower, Franklin, Monroe, Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Adams, and Quincy Adams. Many AT hikers arrange to slack pack this section, meaning they carry a day pack instead of trying to tackle the significant ups and downs with all of their hiking gear along for the ride.

Zealand Notch While the rails that ran into Zealand Notch from the mid-1880s to 1900 are longgone, the wide, gentle trails that remain in their stead provide exceptional access to the mountains deep within the National Forests boundaries.

This one isnt for the out of shape or unprepared. In fact, if you are either, it can be dangerous. The alternative is to utilize Appalachian Mountain Club White Mountain Huts, which provide food and shelter along the way. At 6288, Mount Washington sits where three weather patterns converge. The highest land speed ever recorded on earth happened here, so you can appreciatehow quickly the weather can change. There is no camping allowed above treeline either, so you need to plan carefully. (More details above.) You can also check the weather in advance by visiting the Mount Washington Observatory website.

Another fantastic two dozen mile New Hampshire walk is to be found in the Franconia Range. Where else can you take a hike on a historic railroad bed as a warmup, then shoot up 3,000 feet to walk over impressive granite and spruce-topped mountains? The views are hard-earned, but they are among the best on the whole AT.

It probably goes without saying, but the ascents and descents in the White Mountains (and New England in general) may require you to reconsider how far you can cover in a day. This is rugged trail over high peaks and the going can be slow due to the terrain and the weather. Slow and steady is the approach I recommend.

If you are interested in hiking the trail, you may find my book Appalachian Odyssey: A 28-year hike on Americas trail a useful resource. I section-hiked the AT over nearly three decades with a good friend and we learned a lot!

If you are interested in the history of the Appalachian Trail how the trail came into existence in the first place and the powerful personalities that got it built you may enjoy my book, Blazing Ahead: Benton MacKaye, Myron Avery and the Rivalry that Built the Appalachian Trail.

Jeff Ryan is an author, adventurer, photographer, and historian. He has written several books about his outdoor exploits, his fascination with hiking trails, and the people and places found just off the beaten path....

how to hike the appalachian trail [the definitive guide]

how to hike the appalachian trail [the definitive guide]

It is an arduous but rewarding journey that will lead you across 14 different states. The trail spreads between Mount Katahdin, Maine and Springer Mountain, Georgia. Usually, it takes people around 6 months to finish it.

The Appalachian Trail will test you both mentally and physically. Also, you can encounter various difficulties and dangers while on it. This is why you have to prepare properly in advance and get all the necessary information ahead.

When it comes to overall popularity, the Appalachian Trail is probably one of the most famous and most popular hiking trails in the world. Trails of Mount Everest, Machu Picchu and Kilimanjaro are the only ones that can compare in that sense. However, it is also among the hardest for thru-hiking. Together with the Pacific Crest Trail, it is considered the longest hiking path in North America.

People all over the world come to see the Smoky Mountains and spend a few days walking and admiring its beauty. Under theNational Trails System Act of 1968, the Appalachian Trail is referred to as a National Scenic Trail. In other words, it is a trail of great natural beauty as well as a protected area. In fact, this trail and the Pacific Crest Trail were the first two trails to receive this title in 1968.

Every year, approximately 2 million people take their time to hike on the Appalachian Trail for at least one day. However, the number of hikers that actually finish the entire trail is about 2,700. This says a lot about the difficulty of the trail and how hard it is to cross these mountains.

Altogether, the Appalachian Trail is about 2,200 miles (or 3,500 kilometers). As previously mentioned, it passes through 14 states: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia. It basically goes through entire EastCoast.

Like other hikes, it will mostly take you through mountainous terrain. Hikers will basically cross over the Great Smoky Mountains. However, you wont have to deal with extreme heights. The highest peak of the Smoky Mountains is Clingmans Dome (6,643 feet or 2,025 meters) while the lowest is Bear Mountain State Park (124 feet or 38 meters). Due to the terrain, the entire path will feel much longer than it actually is.

The Appalachian Trail (or the A.T.) is one of the longest footpaths in the world. That being said, it is not surprising that hikers take from 5 to 7 months to cross it. Most people start with 5 to 10 miles per day. However, on average, people cross 10 to 15 miles every day.

Have in mind that this is an average statistic including both people that hike for a day or two as well as those who cross the entire path. But, the variations are enormous. For example, some people finish this distance in one year. On the other hand, the record is just 46 days.

Nevertheless, if you intend to finish the entire trail, you will have to have good pacing. The thing that many people do not realize is that crossing the Smoky Mountains is not a question of strength (or even endurance) but how you utilize your energy and replenish your strength. In that regard, proper nutrition and preparation do much more for you than conditioning (even though conditioning is still very important).

Another thing that needs to be considered is your starting point. The mountainous regions of Maine are much colder than Georgia. In early spring, Maine will still be covered in snow and ice. If Maine is your starting point, May is the best time to hike the Appalachian Trail. On the other hand, those who begin from Georgia should plan ahead so they arrive in Maine around summer.

You can see a lot of trees up to Mount Moosilauke where topography becomes barren and rocky with evergreen species being dominant. Parts of Pennsylvania are also very rocky and can be troublesome for hikers.

Spring and fall temperatures can be rather low and you may even encounter snow on higher altitudes. In these regions, temperatures below zero are quite common. However, the summer can be really hot and you will most likely need sunscreen, and sunglasses to protect your eyes.

Have in mind that you can save a lot based on your preferences. In other words, people who do not wish to visit hotels and instead sleep in their tent can cut the costs significantly. This is especially common for fast thru-hikers who do not wish to stay in towns for too long.

It is very hard to give you an exact price but the average cost of hiking the Appalachian Trail is between 1,000 and 2,000 dollars per month. Then again, there are people who can do it in less than a thousand and those who make a spectacle out of it, spending more than 3,000 dollars per month.

One of the biggest initial costs comes in the form of equipment. If this is your first time hiking, you will need to get everything. As for the transportation, you will have to pay the costs to and from the A.T. People who live in the United States can do this for a couple hundred dollars while visitors from Europe and other parts of the world will have to spend more than a thousand.

On top of it all, there are several fees that need to be paid. First, you will have to get a permit for thru-hiking along the Appalachian Trail which costs $20 (as of this writing). Besides that, you may expect some overnight stay fees, especially in New England and Maine.

On top of that, you should get food for several days (from 5 to 7 days) as well as water for 3 days. As you can presume, you will have to replenish supplies in towns. More experienced hikers use mail drops. With them, you can send supplies and food to towns that are on the trail. When a hiker passes through them, he can simply pick them up instead of shopping in nearby stores.

This is especially important as it helps reduce overcrowding. The entire region is one big national park and in recent years, there has been a lot of damage to wildlife. As a way to prevent this, hikers should pick a date when there are not as many people on the Trail.

As a way to prevent all of this, the organization is trying to promote alternatives. Instead of starting from the bottom of the Trail, hikers are encouraged to start their thru-hike somewhere in the middle.

These options are great for people who do not wish to thru-hike the entire trail at once and prefer to avoid the crowds. Have in mind that you will have to make breaks between destinations. For more information, visit this page.

Of course, given that you cannot really choose hotels during hiking, you will have to make do with what you have. Nevertheless, your main concern is a warm bed and full stomach and everything else should come later.

There are more than 250 shelters along the A.T. They are pretty large (8 x 12 feet) and up to 20 people can fit in them. Shelters are a great place to hang your clothes, to socialize, get the latest news and also, to get some food from short distance hikers that brought too much weight.

The main issue with shelters is that they are unpredictable. Although there is a lot of room in them, they might be full. Having in mind there is a shelter on every 5 to 10 miles, it may be too exhausting for you to walk to the next one. Nevertheless, they are a really nice option as there is usually a water source nearby and they are good for socialization.

No matter what, you will have to rely on your tent. If there are black clouds looming over your head, you can quickly set up a tent and hide inside. Also, they give you some solitude and allow you to camp off the track. But, setting up a tent does require some time and strength. If you are tired, this can pose a problem. This is why you have to switch between tent and shelters. In the end, it all comes down to personal preferences.

Depending on the distance you wish to cross, your conditioning will be more or less important. You have to make sure you are fit enough to walk for at least 10 miles inmountainous terrain. People, who wish to hike a shorter distance for a day or two quickly realize that it can be rather strenuous.

If you wish to hike for several days or weeks, you will have to improve your core strength. Bear in mind, weare not referring to weight lifting. A hiker should have a lot of stamina and should do a lot of aerobic training. Push-ups, sit-ups and squats are all good. Leg conditioning exercises are a must. However, no matter how many hours you spend riding a bike or running, nothing can prepare you for the real deal. Always remember that you have to carry a big backpack during the hike so this will test your resolve even further.

Your feet are a special case. Not only do you need to improve their fitness level, you will also have to think about your ankles and skin. Excess weight and physical strain simply crush your ankles. Use a balance board to strengthen them. Skin can also be a problem. Open wounds might appear if you are not careful. By using a mixture that will strengthen your skin, you will be able to hike with less trouble. Nevertheless, you will require a med kit as a precaution.

As said, it is necessary to have food for at least several days. In certain areas, you can easily resupply so this can reduce your load for a little while. Nevertheless, if you do not have enough knowledge regarding the layout of the towns, it is better to constantly have spare food for at least 4 days.

The average man burns around 5,500 calories per day (3,500 for women). This is an enormous amount of energy that needs to be replenished. Basically, you will be food deprived during the entire hike. At the same time, this will allow you to eat almost anything. Focus on protein and fat rich food. You will need strong meals. Otherwise, you will start losing muscle mass. Dry food is a great solution. Make sure that everything is easy to prepare. Finally, you will need increased amount of salts to prevent cramps.

There are a lot of springs along the trail. Most of them are near shelters. But, not all of them have drinkable water. This is why you have to make reserves for a day or two in case you cant get fresh water near a shelter. Anyway, whenever you get it from a natural source, make sure to treat it. Filters are a great solution here.

Generally speaking, there is no real danger of an animal attacking you. Surely, there have been a lot of sightings of bears and snakes. When it comes to bears, they are usually timid and will not approach you unless you do something aggressive or endanger the cubs. They might smell your food and come to your camp as they have become used to the human presence due to increased activity in the area. You should hang your food on trees so they cant reach it. Also, do not cook near the tent as the smell will remain in the air.

Snakes and spiders are a different story. Unlike bears, they are hard to spot and you might even step on one of them while walking. Luckily, most of the species on the A.T. are not venomous. However, if you encounter venomous copperheads and timber rattlers, you may be in danger. Make sure to check your clothes before putting them on as spiders and snakes may crawl in them during the night.

When it comes to insects, ticks and mosquitoes are the biggest issue here. While mosquitoes are really annoying, ticks are the ones that represent a health hazard. They can give you lime disease so you will have to perform checks every day. As for mosquitoes, a repellent will be enough.

Those who decide to thru-hike the entire Appalachian Trail will have numerous considerations regarding the weather. It becomes even harder to predict things given how many months it takes for you to reach the other side. Even with good preparation, you never know what to expect.

Early spring and late autumn can be really perilous. Even if you are in southern parts, you can still expect snow. This shouldnt be particularly surprising given that you are in the mountains most of the time. On the other hand, in northern states (mainly Maine and New Hampshire) you can even expect snow in June. If you need more precise data regarding the temperature, visit theNational Park Service website.

Keeping track with the current weather can also help you with the next potential problem heat. Virginia and West Virginia are notorious for their low humidity during summer which can interfere with perspiration. As a result, hikers can expect cramps, burns, heat exhaustion and heat strokes. This is why you should always try to hike in early morning and before sunset. Avoid too much exposure during midday and try to find proper shelter when resting.

Hypothermia is directly caused by cold rain, strong wind and lack of proper clothing. It can be especially disastrous for thru-hikers as they approach their goal. After a while, their energy reserves will be depleted and they wont be able to make up for the loss of body temperature. As a protective measure, make sure to stay hydrated, well fed and rested, to take cover as soon as you notice cold rain and to wear synthetic and wool clothing. Waterproof boots should be considered as well.

River crossing is something that most hikers do not consider as a hazard until they fall into water. This can be especially treacherousduring and after cold days, when the ground is slippery due to ice, snow and rain. You can easily fall down into a river which can result in hypothermia and other cold related illnesses. If the terrain seems problematic, try to find an alternative, safer crossing.

Lightning is not as dangerous as the other natural threats but there is still a chance to get struck. Finding a shelter is the best way to prevent any accidents. Avoid tall trees, solitary rocks, open terrain on high altitude and tall, metal structures and objects.

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ancient lakes - seattle backpackers magazine

ancient lakes - seattle backpackers magazine

If the sun is shining anywhere, its probably at Ancient Lakes, near Quincy, Washington. Ancient Lakes is a cluster of three small lakes nestle at the head of a flat bottomed, cliff ringed valley called a coulee in these parts of Washington. The Ancient Lakes coulee is carved into the orchard-covered Quincy plateau and faces west, toward the Columbia River.

From the parking area, walk through the gate and take an unmarked left in the first mile. The trail heads east up the coulee through sage and cactus, rising ever so slightly. A huge boulder tumbled from the cliff above provides the only shade on the hike. From here, squinting behind your dusty sunglasses, you will get your first glimpse of the incongruous blue water of Ancient Lakes.

Closer to the lakes, trails fan out in several directions. Ramble at will. Straight ahead and youll get to a low ridge between lakes. Trails towards the south side of the coulee head up and over cliffs to Dusty Lake.

Left brings you to a 100 foot high ridge with a nice overview, and to the northernmost lake, which is fed by a waterfall tumbling down the basalt cliffs. That trickle of water gives only the barest hint of what the scene might have been 12,000 years ago. Then, a series of gigantic floods surged through the area, unleashed by a crumbling dam of ice that had held back a vast glacial lake. The water would have poured over the cliffs, carved out the lakes as potholes, raced down the coulee, and spilled into the Columbia.

Its only about two miles each way to the lakes. The hike is an easy, early season backpack (carry in all your water). On the way home, you can explore the trails and geology at Gingko Petrified Forest, at Vantage.

Length: about 2 miles one way 6 miles roundtrip (or less). Variety: Out and back Elevation Gain: 100-200 feet Difficulty: easy Season: Winter, Spring, Fall Trail Open to: Hikers, Dogs Facilities at Trailhead: Large parking area

Take I-90 east to exit 149, SR 281. Go north towards Quincy. After 5.6 miles turn left on White Trail Road, and follow that 7.8 miles to road 9-NW. Continue 5.9 miles on this road (it drops onto a bench and doubles back to the south). Park in the parking area at the end of the road.

Beth grew up in Maryland and started backpacking along the Appalachian Trail while in her teens. A summer at NOLS in Wyoming whetted her appetite for more remote places. She has been hiking in the Cascades since moving here in 1987, with a particular fondness for loops, one-ways, and exploring new trails. In the last few years she and her husband Carl have been getting their two boys, ages 10 and 6, on the trail as much as possible. Originally a geologist, Beth is now a freelance writer specializing in earth science.

the appalachian trail starts here - fannin county, georgia

the appalachian trail starts here - fannin county, georgia

Springer Mountain in southern Fannin County is the start of a 2,000+ mile trek to Maine's Mount Katahdin known as the Appalachian Trail. As the trail follows the eastern ridge of the Appalachian Mountains it passes through 14 states, and although the slogan is "Maine to Georgia," most people hike the trail the other way, Georgia to Maine. Georgia's mild climate plays a role in this, since hikers like to start the 6 month trek in April. Another reason: the toughest part of the trail, in New Hampshire and Maine is saved for last, when hikers are in condition to handle it.

Georgia has nearly eighty miles of the AT running from Springer Mountain on the Fannin-Gilmer line to Bly Gap, where the trail enters North Carolina. Some excellent backpacking adventures await those who decide to hike the Georgia portion of this National Scenic Trail.

Access to the starting point of the Appalachian Trail is in southern Fannin County at Springer Mountain. From Blue Ridge, take Aska Road 13.5 miles until it dead ends into Newport Road. Turn right on Newport Road, go 4.5 miles until it dead ends into Doublehead Gap. Turn right on Doublehead Gap and go 2 miles to FS Road 42 (on the left). Turn left and go approximately 6.5 to 7 miles to the parking area on your left. A short hike from the parking lot (across the street) leads to the summit.

A junction of the Appalachian Trail and Benton MacKaye Trail, located on FS Road 58 on Noontootla Creek. You can also start a 3.7 mile hike to Springer Mountain from Three Forks. From Blue Ridge, go south on Aska Road to the end. Turn right onto Newport Road, go 4.5 miles to end. Turn left onto Doublehead Gap Road, cross a concrete bridge, where the road will become dirt/gravel. Continue .3 miles, just past the church and cemetery you will turn right onto dirt/gravel Forest Service Road 58. Drive a scenic 5.3 miles to the Three Forks area. There will be a hikers crossing sign. From here you can hike across the bridge for the 3.7 mile hike to Springer Mountain, the start of the Appalachian Trail.

The trail head is on your left as you drive in, opposite of Noontootla Creek which you will see with the trail bridge crossing it on your right. It starts as a gradual hike alongside Long Creek. There are three short ascents before reaching the blue blazed side trail to the falls, total hike is 1.1 miles.

Be prepared for wilderness. Some roads are rough. Please pack in all you will need and pack out all your trash. The rule of the forest is Leave No Trace. If you build a fire, never leave it unattended. Use good judgment when hiking, particularly around waterfalls where rocks are often wet, moss covered and slippery. If hiking during hunting season, wear a brightly colored vest. The most effective way to prevent mishaps is to adequately prepare for the trip. Knowledge of the area, weather, terrain, limitations of your body, plus common sense can help to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip.

Fannin County Chamber of Commerce 152 Orvin Lance Drive, Suite A Blue Ridge, GA 30513 Phone: 706-632-5680 Toll-Free: 1-800-899-MTNS Fax: 1-706-632-2241 Email: [email protected]

expert guide to hiking the appalachian trail | mountain iq

expert guide to hiking the appalachian trail | mountain iq

The Appalachian Trail is perhaps the most well known of all of the National Scenic Trails in the United States. The trail stretches for 2,190 miles through 14 states and takes approximately 5 to 7 months to hike in its entirety.

According to the Appalachian Trail Conservancy, over 800 hikers walked the entire trail in 2018. Walking the entire trail in one year is referred to as a thru-hike. Only about 20% of those who set out to do a thru-hike will finish.

Located in the Eastern United States, the Appalachian Mountains are the oldest mountain range in North America. The trail goes through two national parks, Great Smoky Mountain and Shenandoah, and eight national forests.

The trail is maintained by a community of volunteers. There are shelters (also known as lean-tos) at most of the campsites along the trail. A shelter is typically a wooden platform with a roof and three walls. There is usually an outhouse (or privy, as hikers call them), a place to store food bags at night, a fire ring, and a water source. Hikers could easily walk the trail and spend almost every night at a shelter.

This creates a sort of walking community, where hikers run into the same people over and over again or hear about other hikers who have passed by. Those who are walking sections of the trail are welcomed by a friendly, like-minded community.

Thru-hikers will either walk north-bound or south-bound. Trail slang for this is NoBo and SoBo. Most people choose to walk north and begin their hikes in March or April. If walking south, most hikers begin in June or July. There are benefits to both options.

NoBo hikers will be walking during peak season, thus never have to worry about any shops or hostels being closed when passing through towns. Because of the earlier start date, hikers headed north will be gaining daylight as time goes on.

Arguably, the most difficult and beautiful parts of the Appalachian Trail are New Hampshire and Maine. North-bound hikers often feel that its a nice way to end their hike, and they are in the best shape for the difficult sections having walked from tough Georgia to get there.

Others simply want to avoid the large bubble of hikers headed north. Its also beneficial for those who dont want to hike in the heat of summer. The mountainous regions of the northeast dont get too hot in the summer months, hence SoBo hikers can enjoy cooler weather the entire time.

Another advantage of hiking south is that the hardest part of the trail is over at the beginning. After making it through the big mountains of the northeast, SoBo hikers can really begin hiking big mile days.

Expect every weather condition you can imagine. The spring and fall may very well bring snow, hail, and freezing temperatures. Have a cold-weather sleeping bag, plenty of layers of clothes, and a hat and gloves.

Be aware of the signs of hypothermia, how to treat it, and how to prevent it. Be sure that you always have a dry set of clothes to put on in the evenings and prioritize drying out your sleeping bag if it gets wet.

Heat and humidity is common in the summer. Mosquitos and gnats usually come out in this type of weather as well. A hot summer with a lack of rain can quite possibly dry up some of the water sources, so have a good water filter with you to deal with dirtier water fountains.

Carry an extra water bottle during the heat of the summer and always carry more than what you think youll drink. Find a natural bug spray to use, and regularly check yourself for ticks, as Lyme Disease is a very real risk on the Appalachian Trail.

The Appalachian Trail is very difficult. Typically, there is a lot of elevation change along the way, so you will constantly be hiking steep uphills and downhills. The distance of the trail is vast, and injuries from over-exertion are common.

One thing that makes the trail somewhat easier is that it is well marked and very safe. White-blazes mark the trail every few hundred feet, so you will always know whether youre on the correct path. There are signs that point to shelter areas and campsites. The guidebooks are extremely detailed and accurate.

Its important to both physically and mentally prepare yourself for hiking the Appalachian Trail. As far as mental preparation goes, read as many books and blogs as possible by past thru-hikers. Doing a thru-hike is hard, and its important to know what youre getting into ahead of time.

Tell the most important people in your life about your intentions. They will likely think you are crazy and try to discourage you. Get those conversations out of the way early, so you arent hit with last minute doubts right before your hike is supposed to begin.

For physical preparation, the best way to get ready is to go on strenuous day hikes frequently. Find some local trails near you, and walk them as often as possible. As your start date approaches, start doing day hikes with your fully loaded backpack. This way you can both, train yourself and have plenty of time to consider whether or not you really need everything in your backpack.

Some hikers dont train at all before setting out. The philosophy here is that they will get in shape while on the trail. This is certainly an option if youre feeling lazy or dont have much free time before beginning your hike.

If youve never been backpacking before, we recommend trying it out for a week or so before committing to a thru-hike. Yes, there are thru-hikers out there who had never camped a day in their life before starting their hike.

Its certainly possible, but its not ideal. A thru-hike is a huge investment of time and money, and it requires you to put your entire life on hold in order to do it. It would be wise to try out a short hike first and see if long-distance hiking is truly what you want to do.

The trail typically passes by two or three towns a week. The road crossings to the towns will be marked in your guidebook. Sometimes the trail passes right through town and sometimes its several miles away.If town is several miles away, its normal for hikers to hitch-hike into town. If youre nervous about hitch-hiking alone, you can ask another hiker to go with you. You can also take a few safety precautions, such as keeping your phone, wallet, and pepper spray accessible. For the most part, locals are aware that hikers need to come to town for supplies and will be happy to give you a ride.There are plenty of grocery stores and shops along the trail. Its not really necessary to mail food to yourself unless you really want to or have dietary restrictions.

For example, some of the resupply points are small shops with limited food. If you need gluten-free, vegan food, or have significant allergies, you may want to look through the guidebook ahead of time and plan a few food drops.To organize a food drop, you need a reliable person at home, whos willing to mail things to you. We recommend buying non-perishable food ahead of time and packaging it up. Then your food drop person only has to get it to the post office. Look in the guidebook to determine which outfitters or hostels are willing to hold packages for hikers.

You can also mail things to the local post offices, but they do have limited hours. You may be out of luck if you arrive in town on a Saturday afternoon. Resupplying at grocery stores takes some degree of planning. Figure out how many days you are from your next town. Then you can determine how many breakfasts, dinners, and snacks you need to make it there. Perhaps buy an additional meal or two just in case something goes wrong and you dont make it as quickly as planned.

There will also be times when you need to replace gear. Camp stove fuel can be found in most towns along the way. There are outfitters in some towns who can get you set up with new gear if something has broken. You can also order gear online and have it shipped to a post office or another establishment in your next town.

Its very important to leave things as you found them. This means respect the campsites and shelter areas and pack out all of your trash with you. New hikers will often bring way too much food or gear and be tempted to abandon things at shelters. This is not OK. If you brought too many things, you can ask other hikers if they need any extra snacks or whatever it is you have.

Most people wont turn down free food. However, if you dont have any takers you do need to carry your things to the next town. There are often hiker boxes at hostels where extra gear or food can be left for others to take. Or you can mail your extra things home. At shelter areas, be sure to use the bear boxes or bear bag pulleys that are provided. There are black bears along the trail, and they do know where to go to get food from hikers. Furthermore, mice and squirrels frequent the shelters and will also try to get to your food. Most shelters and campsites have a privy. Some of the privies are mouldering and some are composting. Read the signs that are posted in the privies for instructions. In some of them you will need to throw a handful of duff in when youre done to help the composting process.

Some types of privies are OK to pee in and some are not. Its fine to throw toilet paper in the privy, but dont throw tampons or pads in because they wont compost fast enough. If you need to use the bathroom and you are not near a privy, be sure to go away from the trail and away from any water sources. Dig a hole 6-inches (15cm) deep. And pack out your toilet paper; dont bury it. You'll need resealable bags for that.For women, all tampons and pads must be packed out as well and not buried. A good alternative is to use a reusable menstrual cup in order to reduce the trash you have to carry.

Hiking the Appalachian Trail will cost anywhere from $3,000 to $5,000, not including gear or transportation to and from the trail. If you are budget-conscious, always share motel rooms or stay in hostels, and dont overindulge on food and drinks in town, you can expect your costs to be closer to $3,000. If you like to treat yourself often, stay in town a couple times a week, and buy expensive food at grocery stores and restaurants, expect to spend closer to $5,000. There will also be occasions where unexpected costs arise, such as if a piece of your gear breaks. We recommend buying gear from companies that give a quality guarantee and will replace faulty items.Budget about $1,000 for gear if youre starting from scratch. This will be a reasonable amount to spend if you shop for deals, dont need the newest and most high-tech gear, and arent too attached to getting any particular brand. However, the price of gear can easily increase to $2,000 or more if you want the newest, most ultra-light stuff available. See our packing list to get the stuff that should last.There is no permit needed to hike the Appalachian Trail. You will need a backcountry permit for the sections of trail through Great Smoky Mountains National Park and Shenandoah National Park.

There is everything from bears, snakes, coyotes, deer, mice, squirrels, birds, and more along the Appalachian Trail. The best thing you can do as a hiker is to leave the wildlife alone. They are usually frightened of people, so if you see an animal just observe it from a distance and dont try to get close to it.

If you spot a black bear, its important not to run. Oftentimes, the bear will run from you once it sees you. If it doesnt, you can calmly back away until youre out of sight. Be sure not to get in the middle of a mama bear and her cubs. Maintain your distance from all snakes you see, especially rattlesnakes and copperheads. Snakes are not as scared of people and may very well stand their ground if approached. Lots of snake bites occur because people are either trying to get close and take photos or try to pick up the snake. Dont do either of those things, especially if youre in the backcountry and miles from a hospital.

Many hikers dont have 6-months for a thru-hike or simply dont have an interest in hiking the entire trail in one push. If youre looking to spend a shorter amount of time on the Appalachian Trail, you can go to almost any section.There are some things to consider when choosing a section to hike:

While the terrain in Georgia is quite difficult, its not a bad place to go for a section hike. This section of trail possibly sees the most hikers because there are so many hopeful thru-hikers who arrive in the spring.

Some of the main draws for this section of trail is Great Smoky Mountains National Park and the balds near Roan Mountain. Balds are open and treeless mountains where you can experience incredible views.

Theres lots of options for cool places to check out along the way, such as seeing the wild ponies at Grayson Highlands, the spectacular rocks and scenery at Tinker Cliffs and the famous McAfee Knob, and spotting black bears in Shenandoah National Park. Not to mention, Damascus, Virginia hosts the annual hiker festival Trail Days.

This is a perfect distance for someone who wants to check a state off the list and doesnt have too much time. Its certainly worth a visit to the Appalachian Trail Conservancy headquarters in Harpers Ferry. At headquarters, thru-hikers and section hikers can get their photos taken for the hiker photo albums. You can even flip through photo books of past hikers going back for decades.

The state of Maryland can be hiked in less than a week. Its also relatively flat, so its a good section for new hikers. There are also several historical sites and war monuments, so you can learn a bit about American history along the way.

However, Pennsylvania is relatively flat compared to other sections of the Appalachian Trail. And snake lovers will be particularly happy with this state, as rattle snake and copperhead sightings are common.

Pennsylvania is also home to the halfway point of the trail and the infamous half-gallon challenge. The half-gallon challenge is when hikers eat an entire half-gallon of ice cream in celebration of completing half of the trail. This is done at Pine Grove General Store.

One of the highlights of New Jersey is the large population of black bears in the state. Sightings are common. Be sure to properly store your food bag at night, and make plenty of noise while youre walking. Again, New Jersey elevation changes are not drastic, so its not as difficult as other sections of the Appalachian Trail.

Elevation changes start to pick up again in New York. While there arent huge mountains to hike up, there are lots of hills that constantly take you up and down over and over again. One of the highlights of New York is Bear Mountain where you can climb a tower and get views of New York City.

One of the best stretches of this hike is a ridge line from Lions Head to Bear Mountain (different from the New York Bear Mountain). Theres several good views followed by a steep downhill over rocky terrain.

This section of trail begins to get mountainous again, but not quite as mountainous as the more Northeast states. Upper Goose Pond Cabin is a must visit destination. Hikers can sleep in a cabin, take a swim in the pond, and enjoy blueberry pancakes in the morning. Its on a donation basis.

Stratton Mountain is the place where Benton MacKaye first conceived the idea for creating the Appalachian Trail, and you can climb the old fire tower. Mt. Killington is a ski mountain where hikers can have a free ride on the gondola. Another perk of this section is that it intersects the Long Trail for several days, so you get to meet some new hikers who are on a different trail.

New Hampshire is the place where the Appalachian Trail really starts to get difficult. Its home to White Mountain National Forest, which has more miles above tree line than any other state on the trail. Its arguably one of the most beautiful sections.Make note that there are camping fees in the White Mountains. Thru-hikers can opt to do work-for-stay at the huts in exchange for a meal and a sleeping spot on the floor.

The Maine section of trail truly feels like a wilderness experience. Because of its difficulty, it takes nearly a month to hike all of it. September is a wonderful time to go, if you want to see the leaves changing and dont mind the cold.

The most northern section of the trail in Maine is the 100-Mile Wilderness, which is 100 miles with no towns or resupply points. Its a tough and remote section to get through before finally finishing on Mt. Katahdin.

The final stage in preparation for your journey involves getting the right gear. While some of these items can be purchased or rented right before the trek, others are best bought before your trip to ensure quality, cost-effective equipment.

This detailed Appalachian trek packing list provides the intrepid trekker with tried, tested and refined recommendations. This packing list applies to most Appalachian hikes, unless you are hiking for a day.

The Appalachian Trail Conservancy and the Appalachian Long Distance Hikers Association work together every year to create the most up-to-date guide on the Appalachian Trail. It is called Appalachian Trail Thru-Hiker's Companion (2019).In 2019 they included 50 updated maps, professionally crafted elevation profiles, and comprehensive tables for more easy access to the information while trekking.

If you plan to hike in any of the sections of the infamous Appalachian Trail, make sure that you are adequately insured for up to 3,000m. We recommend World Nomads. Use the calculator below to get a quick quote.

It takes between 5 - 7 months to complete a thru-hike of the Appalachian Trail. Most hikers will choose to do certain sections or trails depending on how many days they want to spend hiking. Some hikers have completed the trail in 50 days!

The Appalachian Trail spans across 14 different US states and the start and end point depend on which direction you're hiking it. Springer Mountain in Georgia and Mount Katahdin in Maine generally serve as the starting and end points of the 2,190 mile trail.

There are several difficult sections along the Appalachian Trail, including the White Mountains in New Hampshire, Southern Maine, the Northern Pennsylvania sections, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the New York sections and Baxter State Park (including Mt. Katahdin).

The cost of hiking the Appalachian Trail varies depending on how much gear you need to buy. Casual hikers will probably spend between $1000 - $2000 in order to get all the necessary gear. For hikers doing the complete trail, the Appalachian Trail Conservancy has recommended about $1000 per month per hiker.You'll need to spend money on food, shelter and possibly some gear replacement so you should plan your budget around spending $100 per day and make sure you have available emergency funds as well.

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