crusher

crusher

A crusher is a machine designed to reduce large rocks into smaller rocks, gravel, or rock dust. Crushers may be used to reduce the size, or change the form, of waste materials so they can be more easily disposed of or recycled, or to reduce the size of a solid mix of raw materials (as in rock ore), so that pieces of different composition can be differentiated. Crushing is the process of transferring a force amplified by mechanical advantage through a material made of molecules that bond together more strongly, and resist deformation more, than those in the material being crushed do. Crushing devices hold material between two parallel or tangent solid surfaces, and apply sufficient force to bring the surfaces together to generate enough energy within the material being crushed so that its molecules separate from (fracturing), or change alignment in relation to (deformation), each other. The earliest crushers were hand-held stones, where the weight of the stone provided a boost to muscle power, used against a stone anvil. Querns and mortars are types of these crushing devices.

In industry, crushers are machines which use a metal surface to break or compress materials. Mining operations use crushers, commonly classified by the degree to which they fragment the starting material, with primary and secondary crushers handling coarse materials, and tertiary and quaternary crushers reducing ore particles to finer gradations. Each crusher is designed to work with a certain maximum size of raw material, and often delivers its output to a screening machine which sorts and directs the product for further processing. Typically, crushing stages are followed by milling stages if the materials need to be further reduced. Crushers are used to reduce particle size enough so that the material can be processed into finer particles in a grinder. A typical circuit at a mine might consist of a crusher followed by a SAG mill followed by a ball mill. In this context, the SAG mill and ball mill are considered grinders rather than crushers.

In operation, the raw material (of various sizes) is usually delivered to the primary crusher's hopper by dump trucks, excavators or wheeled front-end loaders. A feeder device such as an apron feeder, conveyor or vibrating grid controls the rate at which this material enters the crusher, and often contains a preliminary screening device which allows smaller material to bypass the crusher itself, thus improving efficiency. Primary crushing reduces the large pieces to a size which can be handled by the downstream machinery.

Some crushers are mobile and can crush rocks (as large as 60 inches). Primarily used in-pit at the mine face these units are able to move with the large infeed machines (mainly shovels)to increase the tonnage produced. In a mobile road operation, these crushed rocks are directly combined with concrete and asphalt which are then deposited on to a road surface. This removes the need for hauling over-sized material to a stationary crusher and then back to the road surface.

A jaw or toggle crusher consists of a set of vertical jaws, one jaw being fixed and the other being moved back and forth relative to it by a cam or pitman mechanism. The jaws are farther apart at the top than at the bottom, forming a tapered chute so that the material is crushed progressively smaller and smaller as it travels downward until it is small enough to escape from the bottom opening. The movement of the jaw can be quite small, since complete crushing is not performed in one stroke. The inertia required to crush the material is provided by a weighted flywheel that moves a shaft creating an eccentric motion that causes the closing of the gap.

Single and double toggle jaw crushers are constructed of heavy duty fabricated plate frames with reinforcing ribs throughout. The crushers components are of high strength design to accept high power draw. Manganese steel is used for both fixed and movable jaw faces. Heavy flywheels allow crushing peaks on tough materials. Double Toggle jaw crushers may feature hydraulic toggle adjusting mechanisms.

A gyratory crusher is similar in basic concept to a jaw crusher, consisting of a concave surface and a conical head; both surfaces are typically lined with manganese steel surfaces. The inner cone has a slight circular movement, but does not rotate; the movement is generated by an eccentric arrangement. As with the jaw crusher, material travels downward between the two surfaces being progressively crushed until it is small enough to fall out through the gap between the two surfaces.

A gyratory crusher is one of the main types of primary crushers in a mine or ore processing plant. Gyratory crushers are designated in size either by the gape and mantle diameter or by the size of the receiving opening. Gyratory crushers can be used for primary or secondary crushing. The crushing action is caused by the closing of the gap between the mantle line (movable) mounted on the central vertical spindle and the concave liners (fixed) mounted on the main frame of the crusher. The gap is opened and closed by an eccentric on the bottom of the spindle that causes the central vertical spindle to gyrate. The vertical spindle is free to rotate around its own axis. The crusher illustrated is a short-shaft suspended spindle type, meaning that the main shaft is suspended at the top and that the eccentric is mounted above the gear. The short-shaft design has superseded the long-shaft design in which the eccentric is mounted below the gear.

A cone crusher is similar in operation to a gyratory crusher, with less steepness in the crushing chamber and more of a parallel zone between crushing zones. A cone crusher breaks rock by squeezing the rock between an eccentrically gyrating spindle, which is covered by a wear resistant mantle, and the enclosing concave hopper, covered by a manganese concave or a bowl liner. As rock enters the top of the cone crusher, it becomes wedged and squeezed between the mantle and the bowl liner or concave. Large pieces of ore are broken once, and then fall to a lower position (because they are now smaller) where they are broken again. This process continues until the pieces are small enough to fall through the narrow opening at the bottom of the crusher.

A cone crusher is suitable for crushing a variety of mid-hard and above mid-hard ores and rocks. It has the advantage of reliable construction, high productivity, easy adjustment and lower operational costs. The spring release system of a cone crusher acts an overload protection that allows tramp to pass through the crushing chamber without damage to the crusher.

Impact crushers involve the use of impact rather than pressure to crush material. The material is contained within a cage, with openings on the bottom, end, or side of the desired size to allow pulverized material to escape. This type of crusher is usually used with soft and non-abrasive material such as coal, seeds, limestone, gypsum or soft metallic ores. There are two types of impact crushers: horizontal shaft impactor and vertical shaft impactor.

The HSI crushers break rock by impacting the rock with hammers that fixed upon the outer edge of a spinning rotor. The practical use of HSI crushers is limited to soft materials and non abrasive materials, such as limestone, phosphate, gypsum, weathered shales.

VSI crushers use a different approach involving a high speed rotor with wear resistant tips and a crushing chamber designed to 'throw' the rock against. The VSI crushers utilize velocity rather than surface force as the predominant force to break rock. In its natural state, rock has a jagged and uneven surface. Applying surface force (pressure) results in unpredictable and typically non-cubicle resulting particles. Utilizing velocity rather than surface force allows the breaking force to be applied evenly both across the surface of the rock as well as through the mass of the rock. Rock, regardless of size, has natural fissures (faults) throughout its structure. As rock is 'thrown' by a VSI Rotor against a solid anvil, it fractures and breaks along these fissures. Final particle size can be controlled by 1) the velocity at which the rock is thrown against the anvil and 2) the distance between the end of the rotor and the impact point on the anvil. The product resulting from VSI Crushing is generally of a consistent cubicle shape such as that required by modern SUPERPAVE highway asphalt applications. Using this method also allows materials with much higher abrasiveness to be crushed than is capable with an HSI and most other crushing methods.

VSI crushers generally utilize a high speed spinning rotor at the center of the crushing chamber and an outer impact surface of either abrasive resistant metal anvils or crushed rock. Utilizing cast metal surfaces 'anvils' is traditionally referred to as a "Shoe and Anvil VSI". Utilizing crushed rock on the outer walls of the crusher for new rock to be crushed against is traditionally referred to as "rock on rock VSI". VSI crushers can be used in static plant set-up or in mobile tracked equipment.

The basic concept of the mineral Sizer, is the use of two rotors with large teeth, on small diameter shafts, driven at a low speed by a direct high torque drive system. This design produces three major principles which all interact when breaking materials using Sizer Technology. The unique principles are; The Three-Stage Breaking Action, The Rotating Screen Effect, and The Deep Scroll Tooth Pattern.

The Three-Stage Breaking Action: Initially, the material is gripped by the leading faces of opposed rotor teeth. These subject the rock to multiple point loading, inducing stress into the material to exploit any natural weaknesses. At the second stage, material is broken in tension by being subjected to a three point loading, applied between the front tooth faces on one rotor, and rear tooth faces on the other rotor. Any lumps of material that still remain oversize, are broken as the rotors chop through the fixed teeth of the breaker bar, thereby achieving a three dimensional controlled product size.

The Deep Scroll Tooth Pattern: The deep scroll conveys the larger material to one end of the machine and helps to spread the feed across the full length of the rotors. This feature can also be used to reject oversize material from the machine.[1]

For the most part advances in crusher design have moved slowly. Jaw crushers have remained virtually unchanged for sixty years. More reliability and higher production have been added to basic cone crusher designs that have also remained largely unchanged. Increases in rotating speed, have provided the largest variation. For instance, a 48 inch (120 cm) cone crusher manufactured in 1960 may be able to produce 170 tons/h of crushed rock, whereas the same size cone manufactured today may produce 300 tons/h. These production improvements come from speed increases and better crushing chamber designs.

The largest advance in cone crusher reliability has been seen in the use of hydraulics to protect crushers from being damaged when uncrushable objects enter the crushing chamber. Foreign objects, such as steel, can cause extensive damage to a cone crusher, and additional costs in lost production. The advance of hydraulic relief systems has greatly reduced downtime and improved the life of these machines.

Crusher Crush er ( ?r), n. One who, or that which, crushes. [1913 Webster] {Crusher gauge}, an instrument for measuring the explosive force of gunpowder, etc., by its effect in compressing a piece of metal. [1913 Webster] The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

crusher crusher nom masculin (anglais to crush, craser) Petite prouvette cylindrique, en cuivre pur, dont on mesure l crasement pour dterminer la pression produite lors de l explosion d une poudre Encyclopdie Universelle

Crusher Bone Crusher Bone Crusher (* 23. August 1971 in Atlanta, Georgia als Wayne Hardnett) ist ein US amerikanischer Dirty South Rapper und Hip Hop Produzent. Er bedient das Subgenre Crunk und lsst in seine Musik Aspekte aus der Rockmusik einflieen Deutsch Wikipedia

crusher [[t]kr(r)[/t]] crushers N COUNT: usu n N A crusher is a piece of equipment used for crushing things. Squeeze the peeled ginger in a garlic crusher. ...a 40 ton stone crusher English dictionary

crusher Synonyms and related words: KO, cheese grater, clincher, comminutor, conclusive argument, death stroke, deathblow, end all, ender, final stroke, finisher, finishing stroke, floorer, granulator, grater, grinder, kayo, kayo punch, knockdown Moby Thesaurus

crusher trupintuvas statusas T sritis Energetika apibrtis renginys mediagos (kuro) gabalams trupinti. Trupintuvu gabalai trupinami smgiuojant, trinant, gniudant, skaldant. Kuras trupinamas diskiniais dantiniais ir veleniniais dantiniais Aikinamasis ilumins ir branduolins technikos termin odynas

crusher crush VERB 1) deform, squash, or pulverize by compressing forcefully. 2) crease or crumple (cloth or paper). 3) violently subdue (opposition or a rebellion). 4) cause (someone) to feel overwhelming disappointment or embarrassment. NOUN 1) a English terms dictionary

single toggle jaw crusher vs double toggle jaw crusher

single toggle jaw crusher vs double toggle jaw crusher

In the double toggle crusher the rotation of an eccentric shaft causes a vertical reciprocating motion of a component called a pitman that is translated by two toggles into swinging action of the moving jaw which is pivoted at its upper edge. The resultant action creates very powerful compressive forces by leverage in the upper zone of the crushing chamber and the almost total absence of abrasive motion (relative vertical motion between jaw plates). Therefore, this machine is most applicable to the crushing of very strong, abrasive rocks but is more complex, heavy and expensive than a single toggle crusher.

In the single toggle machine the moving jaw is actuated by an eccentric shaft which also acts as the pivot along the upper edge of the jaw. The resultant action includes relative vertical motion between the jaw plates which produces the advantage of greater throughput for less abrasive rocks. In both cases the jaws are protected by replaceable alloy (manganese steel) liner plates which may be smooth or corrugated to reduce the production of slab shaped particles. The jaw crusher is suitable for all hard rocks generally used for aggregate.

jaw crusher working principle

jaw crusher working principle

A sectional view of the single-toggle type of jaw crusher is shown below.In one respect, the working principle and application of this machine are similar to all types of rock crushers, the movable jaw has its maximum movement at the top of the crushing chamber, and minimum movement at the discharge point. The motion is, however, a more complex one than the Dodge motion, being the resultant of the circular motion of the eccentric shaft at the top of the swing jaw. combined with the rocking action of the inclined toggle plate at the bottom of this jaw. The motion at the receiving opening is elliptical; at the discharge opening, it is a thin crescent, whose chord is inclined upwardly toward the stationary jaw. Thus, at all points in the crushing chamber, the motion has both, vertical and horizontal, components.

It will be noted that the motion is a rocking one. When the swing jaw is rising, it is opening, at the top, during the first half of the stroke, and closing during the second half, whereas the bottom of the jaw is closing during the entire up-stroke. A reversal of this motion occurs during the downstroke of the eccentric.

The horizontal component of motion (throw) at the discharge point of the single-toggle jaw crusher is greater than the throw of the Dodge crusher at that point; in fact, it is about three-fourths that of Blake machines of similar short-side receiving-opening dimensions. The combination of favorable crushing angle, and nonchoking jaw plates, used in this machine, promotes a much freer action through the choke zone than that in the Dodge crusher. Capacities compare very favorably with comparable sizes of the Blake machine with non-choking plates, and permissible discharge settings are finer. A table of ratings is given.

The single-toggle type jaw crusher has been developed extensively. Because of its simplicity, lightweight, moderate cost, and good capacity, it has found quite a wide field of application in portable crushing rigs. It also fits into the small, single-stage mining operation much better than the slower Dodge type. Some years since this type was developed with very wide openings for reduction crushing applications, but it was not able to seriously challenge the gyratory in this field, especially when the high-speed modern versions of the latter type were introduced.

Due to the pronounced vertical components of motion in the single-toggle machine, it is obvious that a wiping action takes place during the closing strokes; either, the swing jaw must slip on the material, or the material must slip along the stationary jaw. It is inevitable that such action should result in accelerated wear of the jaw plates; consequently, the single-toggle crusher is not an economical machine for reducing highly abrasive, or very hard, tough rock. Moreover, the large motion at the receiving opening greatly accentuates shocks incidental to handling the latter class of material, and the full impact of these shocks must be absorbed by the bearings in the top of the swing jaw.

The single-toggle machine, like the Dodge type, is capable of making a high ratio-of-reduction, a faculty which enables it to perform a single-stage reduction of hand-loaded, mine run ore to a suitable ball mill, or rod mill, feed.

Within the limits of its capacity, and size of receiving openings, it is admirably suited for such operations. Small gravel plant operations are also suited to this type of crusher, although it should not be used where the gravel deposit contains extremely hard boulders. The crusher is easy to adjust, and, in common with most machines of the jaw type, is a simple crusher to maintain.

As rock particles are compressed between the inclined faces of the mantle and concaves there is a tendency for them to slip upward. Slippage occurs in all crushers, even in ideal conditions. Only the particles weight and the friction between it and the crusher surfaces counteract this tendency. In particular, very hard rock tends to slip upward rather than break. Choke feeding this kind of material can overload the motor, leaving no option but to regulate the feed. Smaller particles, which weigh less, and harder particles, which are more resistant to breakage, will tend to slip more. Anything that reduces friction, such as spray water or feed moisture, will promote slippage.

Leading is a technique for measuring the gap between fixed and moveable jaws. The procedure is performed while the crusher is running empty. A lead plug is lowered on a lanyard to the choke point, then removed and measured to find out how much thickness remains after the crusher has compressed it. This measures the closed side setting. The open side setting is equal to this measurement plus the throw of the mantle. The minimum safe closed side setting depends on:

Blake (Double Toggle) Originally the standard jaw crusher used for primary and secondary crushing of hard, tough abrasive rocks. Also for sticky feeds. Relatively coarse slabby product, with minimum fines.

Overhead Pivot (Double Toggle) Similar applications to Blake. Overhead pivot; reduces rubbing on crusher faces, reduces choking, allows higher speeds and therefore higher capacities. Energy efficiency higher because jaw and charge not lifted during cycle.

Overhead Eccentric (Single Toggle) Originally restricted to sampler sizes by structural limitations. Now in the same size of Blake which it has tended to supersede, because overhead eccentric encourages feed and discharge, allowing higher speeds and capacity, but with higher wear and more attrition breakage and slightly lower energy efficiency. In addition as compared to an equivalent double toggle, they are cheaper and take up less floor space.

Since the jaw crusher was pioneered by Eli Whitney Blake in the 2nd quarter of the 1800s, many have twisted the Patent and come up with other types of jaw crushers in hopes of crushing rocks and stones more effectively. Those other types of jaw crusher inventors having given birth to 3 groups:

Heavy-duty crushing applications of hard-to-break, high Work Index rocks do prefer double-toggle jaw crushers as they are heavier in fabrication. A double-toggle jaw crusher outweighs the single-toggle by a factor of 2X and well as costs more in capital for the same duty. To perform its trade-off evaluation, the engineering and design firm will analyze technical factors such as:

1. Proper selection of the jaws. 2. Proper feed gradation. 3. Controlled feed rate. 4. Sufficient feeder capacity and width. 5. Adequate crusher discharge area. 6. Discharge conveyor sized to convey maximum crusher capacity.

Although the image below is of a single-toggle, it illustrates the shims used to make minor setting changes are made to the crusher by adding or removing them in the small space between the crushers mainframe and the rea toggle block.

The jaw crusher discharge opening is the distance from the valley between corrugations on one jaw to the top of the mating corrugation on the other jaw. The crusher discharge opening governs the size of finished material produced by the crusher.

Crusher must be adjusted when empty and stopped. Never close crusher discharge opening to less than minimum opening. Closing crusher opening to less than recommended will reduce the capacity of crusher and cause premature failure of shaft and bearing assembly.

To compensate for wear on toggle plate, toggle seat, pitman toggle seat, and jaws additional shims must be inserted to maintain the same crusher opening. The setting adjustment system is designed to compensate for jaw plate wear and to change the CSS (closed side setting) of the jaw crusher. The setting adjustment system is built into the back frame end.

Here also the toggle is kept in place by a compression spring. Large CSS adjustments are made to the jaw crusher by modifying the length of the toggle. Again, shims allow for minor gap adjustments as they are inserted between the mainframe and the toggle block.

is done considering the maximum rock-lump or large stone expected to be crushed and also includes the TPH tonnage rate needing to be crushed. In sizing, we not that jaw crushers will only have around 75% availability and extra sizing should permit this downtime.

As a rule, the maximum stone-lump dimension need not exceed 80% of the jaw crushers gape. For intense, a 59 x 79 machine should not see rocks larger than 80 x 59/100 = 47 or 1.2 meters across. Miners being miners, it is a certainty during day-to-day operation, the crusher will see oversized ore but is should be fine and pass-thru if no bridging takes place.

It will be seen that the pitman (226) is suspended from an eccentric on the flywheel shaft and consequently moves up and down as the latter revolves, forcing the toggle plates outwards at each revolution. The seating (234) of the rear toggle plate (239) is fixed to the crusher frame; the bottom of the swing jaw (214) is therefore pushed forward each time the pitman rises, a tension rod (245) fitted with a spring (247) being used to bring it back as the pitman falls. Thus at each revolution of the flywheel the movable jaw crushes any lump of ore once against the stationary jaw (212) allowing it to fall as it swings back on the return half-stroke until eventually the pieces have been broken small enough to drop out. It follows that the size to which the ore is crushed.

The jaw crusher is not so efficient a machine as the gyratory crusher described in the next paragraph, the chief reason for this being that its crushing action is confined to the forward stroke of the jaw only, whereas the gyratory crusher does useful work during the whole of its revolution. In addition, the jaw crusher cannot be choke-fed, as can the other machine, with the result that it is difficult to keep it working at its full capacity that is, at maximum efficiency.

Tables 5 and 6 give particulars of different sizes of jaw crushers. The capacity figures are based on ore weighing 100 lb. per cubic foot; for a heavier ore, the figures should be increased in direct proportion to its weight in pounds per cubic foot.

The JAW crusher and the GYRATORY crusher have similarities that put them into the same class of crusher. They both have the same crushing speed, 100 to 200 R.P.M. They both break the ore by compression force. And lastly, they both are able to crush the same size of ore.

In spite of their similarities, each crusher design has its own limitations and advantages that differ from the other one. A Gyratory crusher can be fed from two sides and is able to handle ore that tends to slab. Its design allows a higher-speed motor with a higher reduction ratio between the motor and the crushing surface. This means a dollar saving in energy costs.

A Jaw crusher on the other hand requires an Ely wheel to store energy. The box frame construction of this type of crusher also allows it to handle tougher ore. This design restricts the feeding of the crusher to one side only.

The ore enters from the top and the swing jaw squeezes it against the stationary jaw until it breaks. The broken ore then falls through the crusher to be taken away by a conveyor that is under the crusher.Although the jaws do the work, the real heart of this crusher is the TOGGLE PLATES, the PITMAN, and the PLY WHEEL.

These jaw crushers are ideal forsmall properties and they are of the high capacity forced feed design.On this first Forced Feed Jaw Crusher, the mainframe and bumper are cast of special alloy iron and the initial cost is low. The frame is ribbed both vertically and horizontally to give maximum strength with minimum weight. The bumper is ruggedly constructed to withstand tremendous shock loads. Steel bumper can be furnished if desired. The side bearings are bronze; the bumper bearings are of the antifriction type.

This bearing arrangement adds both strength and ease of movement. The jaw plates and cheek plates are reversible and are of the best-grade manganese steel. The jaw opening is controlled by the position of an adjustable wedge block. The crusher is usually driven by a V-to-V belt drive, but it can be arranged for either V-to-flat or fiat belt drive. The 8x10 size utilizes a split frame and maybe packed for muleback transportation. Cast steel frames can be furnished to obtain maximum durability.

This second type of forced feed rock crusher is similar in design to the Type H listed above except for having a frame and bumper made of cast steel. This steel construction makes the unit lighter per unit of size and adds considerable strength. The bearings are all of the special design; they are bronze and will stand continuous service without any danger of failure. The jaw and cheek plates are manganese steel; and are completely reversible, thus adding to their wearing life. The jaw opening is controlled by the position of an adjustable wedge block. The crushers are usually driven by V-to-V but can be arranged for V-to-flat and belt drive. The 5x6 size and the 8x10 size can be made with sectionalized frame for muleback transportation. This crusher is ideal for strenuous conditions. Consider a multi jaw crusher.

Some jaw crushers are on-floor, some aboveground, and others underground. This in many countries, and crushing many kinds of ore. The Traylor Bulldog Jaw crusher has enjoyed world wide esteem as a hard-working, profit-producing, full-proof, and trouble-free breaker since the day of its introduction, nearly twenty years ago. To be modern and get the most out of your crushing dollars, youll need the Building breaker. Wed value the privilege of telling you why by letter, through our bulletins, or in person. Write us now today -for a Blake crusher with curved jaw plates that crush finer and step up production.

When a machine has such a reputation for excellence that buyers have confidence in its ability to justify its purchase, IT MUST BE GOOD! Take the Type G Traylor Jaw Crusher, for instance. The engineers and operators of many great mining companies know from satisfying experience that this machine delivers a full measure of service and yields extra profits. So they specify it in full confidence and the purchase is made without the usual reluctance to lay out good money for a new machine.

The success of the Type G Traylor Jaw Crusheris due to several characteristics. It is (1) STRONG almost to superfluity, being built of steel throughout; it is (2) FOOL-PROOF, being provided with our patented Safety Device which prevents breakage due to tramp iron or other causes of jamming; it is (3) ECONOMICAL to operate and maintain, being fitted with our well-known patented Bulldog Pitman and Toggle System, which saves power and wear by minimizing frictionpower that is employed to deliver increased production; it is (4) CONVENIENT to transport and erect in crowded or not easily accessible locations because it is sectionalized to meet highly restrictive conditions.

Whenever mining men need a crusher that is thoroughly reliable and big producer (which is of all time) they almost invariably think first of a Traylor Type G Jaw Crusher. By experience, they know that this machine has built into it the four essentials to satisfaction and profit- strength, foolproofness, economy, and convenience.

Maximum STRENGTH lies in the liberal design and the steel of which crushers parts are made-cast steel frame, Swing Jaw, Pitman Cap and Toggles, steel Shafts and Pitman rods and manganese steel Jaw Plates and Cheek Plates. FOOLPROOFNESS is provided by our patented and time-tested safety Device which prevents breakage due to packing or tramp iron. ECONOMY is assured by our well-known Bulldog Pitman and Toggle System, which saves power and wear by minimizing friction, the power that is used to deliver greater productivity. CONVENIENCE in transportation and erection in crowded or not easily accessible locations is planned for in advance by sectionalisation to meet any restrictive conditions.

Many of the worlds greatest mining companies have standardized upon the Traylor Type G Jaw Crusher. Most of them have reordered, some of them several times. What this crusher is doing for them in the way of earning extra dollars through increased production and lowered costs, it will do for you! Investigate it closely. The more closely you do, the better youll like it.

blake jaw crusher

blake jaw crusher

In the history of crushers, both chronologically, and by virtue of its standing in the field of heavy-duty crushing, the Blake jaw crusher stands first in the list. All of the large, heavy-duty primary crushers of the jaw type are built around the Blake principle which, for simplicity and brute strength, is unsurpassed by any mechanism thus far devised for rock and ore breaking.

A sectional view of a jaw crusher which incorporates the Blake double-toggle mechanism is shown below. The Blake crusher in common with all machines of the jaw family is built into a rectangular frame, at one end of which is located the crushing chamber; in fact, the end of the box-frame constitutes the stationary jaw. The movable or swing jaw is suspended from a cross-shaft (swing jaw shaft) at its upper end, this shaft in turn being supported at each end in bearings at the top of the two sides of the crusher frame.

The actuating mechanism consists of the eccentric-shaft (also supported in bearings in the sides of the frame), the pitman, and the pair of toggles, which span from swing jaw to pit-man, and from pitman to rear end of the frame. The motion of the eccentric-shaft is transmitted through the pitman to the inner ends of the toggle pair, and through their action to the lower end of the swing jaw, which pivots around the supporting shaft at its upper end. The motion is similar in one respect to that of the standard gyratory crusher, in that it is greatest at the discharge opening, and gradually decreases toward the upper part of the chamber.

The Blake Jaw crusher frames have been the subject of considerable variety in details of design and have been built of several different materials. Originally all frames were of cast iron, as was the case with all of the early gyratory machines. Then, as larger sizes were developed, cast steel became the common medium for all large and medium size crushers. When the Superior line was designed, semi-steel was selected for the frame, and steel rods extending through the side members from end to end were provided to absorb the tensile stresses. This type of construction is used in all sizes of this line, except in the 84 machines, where cast steel has been used exclusively up to the present time, these cast-steel frames being reinforced for heavy-duty applications in the same manner as the semi-steel frames of the smaller machines. Of recent years the trend has been very definitely toward the use of welded design, with side members of rolled steel plate, reinforced by stiffening ribs.

In past years both chilled cast iron andmanganese steel were used in jaw plates for the Blake crusher, depending upon the kind of rock to be crushed. The chilled ironplates did not possess the requisite strength to resist breakage, even when used on comparatively soft rock; in our case we have abandoned them in favor of manganese steel on all of our jaw crushers, regardless of size.

This crusher is representative, in its general proportions, of the prevailing practice in Blake crusher design for a number of years. In this respect it is probably just as well entitled to be classed as a standard type as the gyratory crusher which goes by that title. It is true that refinements have been made in almost every detail, as compared to early models, but the basic action and the general proportions of the crushing chamber are much the same.

The original Blake crusher was designed with a vertical stationary jaw. Probably the first departure from this arrangement was an 84 X 66 crusher, built in 1914. This machineconventional design, in that the swing jaw was made vertical. Later, when the Superior line was developed, a compromise between these two extremes was used in several of the sizes; that is, both jaws were sloped. Each of these three arrangements has certain features which are advantageous, and others which are unfavorable. Present indications are that the original arrangement, with vertical stationary jaw, will continue to hold a leading position.

Crushing angles in standard Blake-Type machines generally run in the neighborhood of 27 deg, at the minimum open-side discharge setting. Theratio-of-reduction at minimum recommended settings and with straight jaw plates average about 8:1, in the range of sizes from 15- x 10-in., to 60- x 48-in,, inclusive.

company profile | tyco india private limited

company profile | tyco india private limited

TYCO was incorporated on 15th of September, 1977. The Company manufactures a large range of Industrial Equipment at its Nagpur factory. All products of the Company are well accepted in the Indian Market for their quality and reliability. During its nearly 38+ years of existence the Company has successfully carved a niche for itself among quality conscious users in India and abroad and has over 1500 satisfied customers through-out India.

Tyco pioneered the concept of automatic weighing in India with technical support from a German company establishing a second factory in Nagpur. Tyco has supplied automatic weighing systems in India and abroad for applications ranging from lumpy and granular to fine powders upto a fineness of 10 microns. The end users who use our systems are Sugar, Chemicals, Polyester Chips, Refractory Manufacturers, and Mineral Processors, Fertilizers, Spices, Cattle Feed, Deoiled Cakes, Sponge Iron, Rice Exporters, Flour, Pigment, Calcined Bauxite, Titanium Dioxide etc.

Tyco Product range includes, Automatic Weighing, Bagging Systems from 1Kg to 1 ton,. Pulverizers,Centrifugal type Air Classifiers,Double toggle type Jaw & Stone Crushers, Process line & Packing Line Conveyors, Truck Loader, Stacker, Screw Conveyors. Bucket Elevators.

TYCO customers includes ITC, Hindustan Lever, Tata Chemicals, TISCO, Tata Sponge, Rourkela Steel Plant, Durgapur Steel Plant, Bokaro Steel Plant, EID Parry, Dabur Industries, Indian Aluminium Co, ESSAR Gujarat, Jindal Steel, amongst a large number of other users. TYCO equipment are in use in these markets for over a decade and enjoy favored status

Tyco undertakes supply of weighing systems along with turnkey supply of material handling in various combinations to suit customer requirements including Storage Silos, Bucket Elevators, Conveyors, Lorry Loaders, and Stitching Machine etc.

Tyco belongs to a professionally owned and run group of companies with the vision to give world-class technologies and products to its customers. We have state of the art systems and infrastructure to provide excellent after market services. Has emerged as People Oriented,Growing Company with strong customer orientation.

Tyco has collaboration with IMECO - Italy for marketing their range of products viz Fully Automatic Weighing and Bagging Systems including Automatic Bag Placing and Palletizing solutions for output of up to 1200 bags/hour. You may visit their website www.imeco.org.

jaw crusher, double toggle jaw crushers, single toggle jaw crushers, gujarat, india

jaw crusher, double toggle jaw crushers, single toggle jaw crushers, gujarat, india

Double Toggle Jaw Crushers are preferred for crushing ususually hard, abrasive rocks and other materials like ferroalloys and glass. They differ substantially from other types of crushers. There is no rotary motion in the crushing cycle and all crushing is done by compression of the feed material between two massive jaws plates. The moving jaw compresses the material against the stationary jaw. Jaw plates can be either smooth or corrugated.

Double Toggle Jaw Crushers have one jaw fixed, while the other pivots about a top hinge. This moving jaw is shaped to move firmly and squarely against the material. There is no rubbing or grinding. Only compression, which produces a generally cubical product with minimum fines. The moving jaw is very well balanced, so 95% of the drive motor power is ued for crushing. While only 5% of the power is needed to move the jaw itself. As a result of this high mechanical efficiency, double Toggle Jaw Crushers require smaller size motors, keeping power costs down. Behind the stationary jaw are shims, used to adjust the distance between the lower ends of the jaws (closed side setting). The setting determines the output product size. There is also an arrangement of safety arm for protection from us-crushables accidental overloads.

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