The Gold Rush of the 1840s ended the era of the solitary miner sitting by a stream with pan in hand. Throngs traveled to California hoping to find their fortunes. Tools were soon developed to easily extract gold from rocks and riverbeds. Many of these tools have been found in the original mines above and below ground.
Stamps were used in California gold mines around 1850. First developed in England and used by Cornish miners, stamps were heavy iron machines used to pound rocks containing gold quartz into a fine dust so the gold ore could be extracted. Small stamps were commonly powered by water wheels while larger ones ran by steam engines.
A rocker, also known as a cradle, separated gold from dirt. This tool consisted of a box for shaking dirt and water back and forth so miners could find gold fragments. A miner would load the rocker with water and soil. Another would rock the box, bucket load after bucket load, to search for signs of precious metal. About 200 buckets of dirt could be "rocked" per day.
Panning for gold was also known as "placer mining." Early miners sat by riverbeds, scooping wet soil into shallow metal pans. They swirled the pans, washing away the dirt to hopefully discover particles of gold. Though more complex equipment was eventually invented, pans were still a useful tool to distinguish gold from dirt.
Riverbeds in remote mountains contained gold-bearing gravel. Hydraulic mining was used to extract this gold from water and gravel. Gigantic floating dredges scooped up the river gravel while hydraulic cannons blasted hillsides and washed them into the streams and rivers. The first hydraulic cannon was invented by Edward Mattison in 1853. Dredges and hydraulic cannons were controversial for their impact on the ecosystems. Legal battles between miners and farmers resulted in environmental controls.
Dan Boone has been writing since 1999. His work has appeared on CaribbeanChannel.com and he wrote for the "Virgin Voice" magazine and its website, Virgin Voices. Boone has a Bachelor of Arts in composition and arranging from Berklee College of Music in Boston. He also holds a certificate in digital-sound engineering from the Trebas Institute in Montreal.
Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. Whether youre studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers.
Gold pans: Most people immediately think of the gold pan as the most important tool for gold prospecting. However, a brain is required to operate it, select the right location on the stream, get permission to enter the land and decide that the land has potential. Without a well-prepared brain, the gold pan will not find very much.
The high price of gold has inspired thousands of people to become amateur prospectors. Many of them are spending their weekends or vacations in search of the yellow metal. High gold prices have also fueled a surge in the sales of gold pans, portable dredges, metal detectors and other gold prospecting tools.
Anyone who buys these tools will not be instantly equipped to find gold. The only thing that these tools will do is help you recover the gold once you are a few feet or a few inches away from it. Getting to that location - finding gold - requires a more important tool - a human brain that has been adequately prepared with the proper types of knowledge.
Here is a brief summary of the types of knowledge listed above. These summaries are brief because a complete presentation for each type of knowledge would contain enough information for at least one college-level course.
Gold Maps and Books: Books and maps that you can use to find gold have been published for many parts of the United States. These are a great starting point for anyone who wants to find gold. All of the publications above, and many more, as well as gold prospecting tools, are available in the Geology.com Store.
The United States has been more heavily prospected for gold than most other nations on this planet. Millions of people have been mustered to the search for gold during several gold rushes in various parts of the country.
The term "gold rush" makes most people think of locations such as California, Alaska, and Colorado. However, gold rushes have also occurred in states such as North Carolina and Georgia. It is a pretty safe bet that almost any stream in the United States has been panned for gold at least once. In the most famous gold locations much of the sediment has been through gold pans, sluices or dredges multiple times.
States that have reported commercial gold production recently or in the past include Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia, Idaho, Maryland, Michigan, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Washington, and Wyoming.
The state geological survey in most states with commercial gold production has prepared introductory and technical information about the gold deposits and mining history. The United States Geological Survey has prepared detailed maps and reports for most of the major gold mining areas and has prepared many general interest publications about gold. There are also lots of prospecting guides and maps written for amateur prospectors.
Floods Move and Redistribute Gold: Photograph of a bridge over the South Yuba River at Highway 49 after a heavy rain on January 9, 2017. The flow rate is about 25,000 cubic feet per second - over 40 times the normal rate. This type of flooding picks up gold and moves it into streams. This type of flooding reworks existing stream sediments and uncovers gold. Public domain photo by Kelly M. Grow of the California Department of Water Resources.
Every time it rains hard enough to produce runoff, sediment is washed down hillsides and into streams. That puts "new gold" into streams. During every big flood, sediments in a stream bed are picked up, moved downstream and redeposited. This moves difficult-to-find gold to a new location, where it might be easily found.
In 2017, record flooding in California thoroughly reworked streams in many parts of the state and washed lots of "new gold" into stream channels. Now a lot of people are excited about finding that "new gold". Read some field reports.
Finders Keepers? Much more valuable than a common pebble - if you are caught removing this without permission from almost any property that you do not own, and in some cases even a property that you do own, it could result in criminal or civil problems. Learn about the Legal Aspects of Gold Prospecting. Image copyright iStockphoto / Luftklick.
Most of the land in the United States is off-limits for prospecting. Much of it is privately owned by individuals, corporations, institutions and trusts. Do not prospect on these lands unless you have contacted the owner and obtained explicit permission.
Explicit permission includes but is not limited to: (A) where you intend to prospect; (B) when you intend to prospect; (C) what methods you intend to use and any surface or subsurface disturbance that will result; (D) what you intend to remove from the property; (E) how anything found will be reported to and shared with the landowner. Getting these permissions is not a "courtesy" - they are a requirement. Prospecting on private property without them could result in your arrest for trespassing, vandalism or theft.
In most states, county-level governments maintain maps of property ownership that you can consult to get ownership and boundary information. Property ownership is usually public information and many local governments make it very easy for you to access it. Sometimes you can find this information online or purchase copies of the official land ownership documents. Some local governments have not invested in making this information easy to use or in keeping it current. If you decide to use this information you will probably need a good bit of mapping skill to transfer property boundaries to maps or GPS devices for easy use in the field. Good luck!
When you determine who owns a tract of land, be aware that the person who owns the surface might not own or control any minerals that are present. The mineral rights to a surface parcel are often sold or leased to someone else. So, be sure that you find out who owns the surface and who controls any minerals.
A few owners of mineral-bearing lands have opened them for "fee mining." These property owners will allow you to prospect and keep what you find if you pay them a fee before you begin or pay a fee based upon what you remove. These can be great places for a beginner to learn because prospecting there is often easy, and many of the experienced people there enjoy sharing what they know. You can learn a lot and make some great friends. These places can be a lot of fun if you are courteous to others and obey the owner's rules.
Land that is not under private ownership is usually owned by federal, state and local governments. These lands are often off-limits to prospectors because they are being preserved as a park or conservation area. Before you go prospecting on government-owned lands you should contact the agency in charge of that land and obtain explicit permissions similar to what was described for private lands above. Removing a rock or digging on these lands can get you in a lot more trouble than on private property. Here is a quote from a Bureau of Land Management publication.
The Bureau of Land Management is responsible for 700 million acres of mineral estate lands, mostly in the western United States. A lot of commercial and recreational prospecting takes place on BLM lands. The agency is a good place to start in determining where you can legally look for gold on public land. Start by contacting the BLM state office near the location where you want to prospect. A list of their offices is in the accompanying table.
Finally, before you go into the field it is a good idea to have a map that clearly marks the boundaries of the land you are permitted to prospect. Or you might load the property boundaries into a GPS unit. Property boundaries are often unmarked in the field, and keeping track of your location while prospecting in thick vegetation or on flat open land can be challenging.
Whenever you decide to enter public or private land and begin prospecting, it is your responsibility to know the local prospecting, land use, and environmental regulations that will apply to your actions at that specific location. Sometimes permits are needed, the methods that you use can be regulated, and there can be environmental regulations that prevent you from digging, disturbing streams, and using equipment or vehicles. Some of these have no relationship to gold prospecting, but it is still your responsibility to know and obey them.
A good place to begin is to determine the government agency responsible for administering the land that you would like to use and contact them for information. They can often provide all of the information that you need or refer you to the proper location.
Some of these areas allow prospectors to "stake a claim" that gives them temporary rights to work on a limited piece of land. If you find a valuable location you will probably want to stake a claim. It is also a good idea to learn how claims are marked so you can steer clear of them. The penalties for jumping an angry prospector's claim are unpredictable!
Gold occurs in two basic deposit types: lode gold and placer gold. A knowledge of how these types of deposits form and where they occur is essential for finding gold. Knowledge will multiply your chances of success. There are many books, websites, and government reports that describe gold deposits and how to look for them.
A knowledge of prospecting methods is also essential. If you are on a stream that contains placer gold but you don't know how to pan then you will miss the gold right under your feet. Learning about the types of tools available and how to use them is essential for success. Again, there are many books, websites, and government reports that describe these methods.
Gold prices have TRIPLED in the last 10 years and the long-term price trends still point up, so there's never been a better time to find your own! And the best part is that you can find and recover placer gold in numerous ways with a variety of affordable equipment and supplies found on this website that will meet your needs and your budget.
We strive to bring all these new products to you on this website. Whether you're gold panning or want to use a sluice or a highbanker in a stream, or a drywasher in arid regions, or a trommel that moves lots of material, or a gold panning machine to save your muscles, or a gold detector, you will find lots of choices and information.
What is a placer mining claim? The offical definition is "all forms or deposit, except veins of quartz, or other rock in-place." In other words, any deposit not located in a lode deposit. It is a piece of publicly accessible federal land that is open for mineral entry and claiming. Filing a mining claim with the Bureau of Land Management gives you the right to extract the minerals on the claim, but does not give you exclusive rights to the property itself. In the Lower 48, the maximum size of a mining claim is 20 acres per person.
Remember that federal, state or local guidelines and regulations may differ from location to location, so be aware of the rules before you prospect anywhere. There's still plenty of gold to be found (U.S. Geological Surveys estimate that 33,000 metric tons-- nearly 1.2 billion ounces-- await discovery, mostly in the western USA), so get out there and get your share!
DID YOU KNOW? The market price of gold is based on 1 troy ounce of pure gold. In every ounce, there is 480 grains, 20 pennyweight or 31.104 grams. Since gold has gotten so valuable, it has become necessary to weigh it down to a fraction of a grain. Every grain counts and every grain is valuable, so before you go to sell your gold, weigh it carefully on a sensitive digital scale that can register to at least one-tenth of a gram.
The spot price of gold is the official price of gold at any given moment and can vary between different sources of data. The most common quoted spot price comes from the London P.M. or afternoon fix gold spot price, actually set during the morning hours in the United States, around 9:00 am Eastern Standard Time. The London PM fix, of all the gold spot prices, is the price at which the world's largest size gold purchases and sales are accomplished on any given day. This is the one price of gold in US dollars which is quoted daily, and familiarly, around the world. During the U.S. trading day, the spot price is usually based on the latest Comex spot gold price. This is a constantly changing price from the New York markets, and trading goes on until about 2:00 p.n. Eastern time.
Chunky nuggets, gleaming flakes, fine flour gold... all forms of the shiny stuff have been valued since the dawn of time as a store of wealth, and gold continues to be the most solid medium of exchange in the world. No matter the size or type, or whether you find it in a stream or out in the desert, gold is the noblest of metals and having the right gold mining equipment makes recovery easier, more profitable, and lots more fun!
Luckily for all of us, modern-day prospectors and manufacturers are constantly inventing new and innovative equipment and supplies to make gold recovery much easier than it was during the Gold Rush days of the '49ers!
TriTank TT20: our personal favourite, an entirely unique to APT advanced cyanidation system. These tanks have a wide range of applications and can be setup for Carbon-In-Pulp (CIP), Carbon-In-Leach (CIL), or Carousel operation.
The Elu-X is especially made for the smaller elution applications. Engineered in a minimalistic way, with safety and ease of use in mind, ensuring consistent high performance while keeping unnecessary costs at bay. An affordable, effective solution.
The RDGK: crusher and concentrator. Available as a stand-alone plant, itis simplyassembled on-site and can still easily be relocated. A trailer version is also available allowing you to simply take the crusher to site and you're ready to go. All compactand portable.
The GoldJigga: a manual hydraulic jig concentrator used to concentrate coarse nuggets of gold from coarse (+3mm) oversize material. This jig is highly durable and can be used in the most remote of locations as it does not run with any kind of electricity.
The RG30-T: this scrubber is part of our standard wash plant range and incorporates the GoldKacha concentrator. It comes fully assembled and is available in trailer version, allowing for optimal mobility and ease of operation when following your mineral resource.
Especially for small-scale mining applications, encouraging growth anddevelopment with high recoveries. A more sophisticated solution to traditional sluices, whilst remaining easy to operate. No mercury required, minimal operational requirements.
Small scale gold mining project in Zimbabwe.Looking at producing minimum of 1.5kg of gold per month.Expand gold exploration drilling sites to achieve minable gold reserves of more than 2,000 ounces and be able to increase gold production but not limited to 7,500-10,000 ounces starting January 2020. Provide gold processing services to small scale miners thereby increasing revenue.Gold produced is sold to local refinery.Seeking an investor to provide modern machinery and equipment to achieve the project goals. Investor will be offered a 50% stake in the mine and this is open to final negotiations.
Once an entity/individual is issued with a mining claim/right by the Ministry of Mines, it is assurance that the minerals are already on the place. With this assurance, what is left is for the owners to extract the precious mineral.No marketing is needed as Gold produced is sold to a local refinery which is controlled by the Reserve Bank, thus, returns are guaranteed.
We are mainly looking for an investor to bring in modern machinery and equipment for mining and not necessarily funds.If the investor come in with funds, then we will use these to acquire the equipment and the remainder for operational purposes i.e. building structures on the mine premises and miscellaneous start-up expenses.
We are seeking $110,000 for acquiring a mobile gold processing unit. We expect full recovery of cost plus profit after approximately a year. We do not need an investor hands-on but are not opposed to the idea.We are offering a 50% stake in exchange for capital investment or minimum financial investment of $90,000- $250,000. Interested investors can inquire further. All other modalities will be discussed with the investor.
Having the right gold prospecting equipment will change your entire approach to this fun hobby. With the right equipment, your chances of finding this precious metal is much greater than having the bare minimum. With several key items included in any gold panning kit, being aware of the best items to have within your budget will help ensure you have a successful gold prospecting hunt.
With a wide range of gold prospecting equipment for sale, you certainly dont want to be wasting money purchasing the wrong items. At Kellyco, we have you covered for every circumstance and any budget. As a result, there are a number of different items that we believe should form the basis of any treasure hunter kit.
This hobby doesnt need an individual to have a wide range of mining equipment. Instead, gold prospecting can be easily achieved on a small budget while still enjoying the exciting experience of gold panning.
Looking through the pages of gold prospecting equipment, you may feel confused as to what is worth spending your money on. However, we feel that there are some key items that should form the basis of any gold prospecting kits.
The exact items will depend on how serious you want to take gold prospecting. If you love the idea of dredging rivers or streams to see how much gold you can uncover, then we have the equipment that you will need to do just that. Also, if the idea of some gentle gold panning or metal detecting is more up your street, then we have you covered as well.
First, if you love the idea of covering rivers and streams to uncover any gold that may lie in the water or bed, then a dredger would be important. This item comes with a motor, sluice, classifier, and suction hose to bring up the material from the bottom and to then be sorted through.
At Kellyco, we stock each individual component that would be required to either establish your dredging kit or to replace items that may be tired or require updating. From a wide array of suction hoses to attach to your power jet, to a variety of engines with different HP, our team of gold prospecting experts will be able to advise you on the best equipment to purchase for your bounty hunting adventures.
Of course, for those who are beginners with gold prospecting there are more inexpensive ways to build your kit. A simple gold panning kit costs very little and yet it is a wonderful way for someone to be introduced to the joys of gold panning. But, if you want to invest some extra money, then there are several items that should be on any list.
First, you need to consider if you wish to use a water sluice or a drywasher. As the name suggests, a drywasher uses alternative methods in that it focuses on air to separate the gold from other debris. Also, having a range of classifying meshes to hand can help you quickly sort through debris and be left with pure gold at the end of it all.
Of course, you may be drawn to the idea of gold prospecting with a metal detector, and that is an area where we certainly excel. With several options available, we have several gold detectors and search coils from manufacturers such as Whites, Nokta Makro, and Fisher.
However, dont break your budget on a gold detector, there are several cheap gold detectors at great quality. With every type of gold detector, no matter the budget, you will be able to distinguish between rocks, debris, other metals, and the gold itself. It does most of the hard work for you allowing you to simply enjoy the act of uncovering the gold.
For those just starting out with gold prospecting, we also have a number of kits that can be used as a way of an introduction. From the Minelab gold panning kit complete with a riffle pan and classifier, to Garrett producing their own sets, some of the biggest names in the industry understand exactly what you need when searching for gold panning equipment.
We know that you may have a number of questions surrounding what to buy and whether or not certain items are worthy of the investment. If this sounds like you, then make life easier for yourself by giving us a call here at Kellyco. A member of our team of expert detectorists will be happy to advise you on the best items to purchase that will allow you to get started with gold prospecting.Get in Touch with Mechanic