how to start a small scale gold mining company

how to start a small scale gold mining company

Small scale mining is easy when one knows how. This introduction may help the reader to start in small scale mining activity. The general information shall give a guidance on how to properly look into the future of own sustainable gold mining.

Just like in many other areas of business, knowledge is power. First thing to do in order to start a new gold mining activity is to obtain as much knowledge as possible for your future mining development. You certainly don't need to be an educated miner, but you do need to have access to knowledge and to experts that may help you during your beginning stage. Try to read as many prospecting books and instructions. Get acquainted with the prospecting tools such as metal detectors and gold sluices. Establish few local gold washing plants and process sand, soil or any kind of material, regardless if you are finding gold at the location or not. In fact, such actions, at first sight appearing useless, but they are going to help you in the real time situations. You do need to recognize the traces of black sand and heaviest minerals. You need to practically observe the minerals. Review the periodic table of elements again and especially find out the density or specific weight of gold, platinum, silver and other precious metals. Compare that to the specific weight of black sand and water, and go into deep understanding of the gold as precious metal. You should read at least few books on gold prospecting and some basic books on physics that explain characteristics of gold.

I am helping people worldwide to start a small scale mining company. While our focus is on Tanzania, we help people to start in Ghana, Papua New Guinea, Sierra Leone, Zimbabwe and other popular countries for small scale mining. You can send me email at any time for any matter. Karibu!

You should consider making a proper legal structure in order to minimize your taxes and increase your income. If setting up companies in other countries, you have to consider proper holding companies. You are interested to minimize local taxes, income tax, corporate taxes and any dividend distribution taxes. Share with the government what must be shared, but keep most of your income for yourself. Consider consulting yourself with attorneys or corporate specialist such as RCD Wealth or other similar international consultants. Your legal setup is going to determine the future of your mining company, take it very seriously as your life and life of you partners and family depends on the proper structure.

Out of all important factors, one has to know that gold market is well developed and that one can sell gold pretty easy. Gold is sold easily, usually for cash in many locations of the world. Regardless where you are located, there are many gold dealers who are purchasing gold for highest prices on the market. You may work with local gold dealer, however, you should search for a gold dealer with quickest and most accurate turnaround times. Cash paid within 24 hours or at spot is the best that you may get. Distance to the dealer does make difference when mining in remote areas. You need to be able to quickly sell the produced gold without thinking. Raw gold contains silver and other precious metals. A good gold dealer is going to pay you for all precious metals that you deliver to them. Try to obtain the information where all the gold dealers are selling their gold. This may be a larger gold refinery. Contact the gold refinery and see how you can sell your gold and silver produced in your own gold mine directly to the refinery.

As your next step in starting a new gold mining activity, you would search for the appropriate mining land. You may purchase such land, or acquire it as mining claim or in some countries pay for the mining license. You may also enter the joint venture with the mining land owner or license owner. There are numerous opportunities to consider and you need to find out what is best for you. My advice is to start in any manner you can while having long term strategy to expand to new mining lands and to acquire one such license yourself. Make sure you have the proper mining license so that you can actually start quick in production of gold. Some of companies located in United States and Europe, have been waiting for years to acquire the mining license. Don't let this happen to you. If you are after mining, simply choose another country and go there. African countries such as Tanzania, Ghana, Zimbabwe, Congo, Mali have all those opportunities waiting for you with season 12 months long.

Engage in practical prospecting on the mining land that you have found. Observe environmental laws at all times. Practical prospecting need not be expensive. Watching small scale miners in Africa will give you tremendous practical approach. It may be so simple that it may look unbelievable. A western geologist with best education may need days, weeks, even months to prepare the proper report of the minerals on such mining land. That is certainly necessary for any large operation. However, African geologist with much less education, by using practical approach, may tell you exactly where is the gold, and within 10 minutes may demonstrate you that gold is there. Learning the most practical approach is of tremendous value. On numerous lands in Africa, one may start within a day to process material. Prospecting for gold is a big subject and its values and technology and effort required cannot be underestimated. Still you need to think for yourself how to get quicker into the business and real gold production by using any means that come available for least expenses possible.

Your next step would be to prepare your mining land for the work and in many cases for living. You do need a living space on the mining land, be it a tent, a living container or cabin or a brick house. You and your team, your employees do need a space for living at the place without traveling to distant cities. You are going to need kitchen, and space for material processing, tools, and all the equipment. You would clean the area from any trees or other obstacles. If there are any dangerous animals such as snakes or snake holes, you would need to take care of it. Any existing pits or shafts have to be carefully marked so that people don't fall into it. Think of security for people in the first place. You need to establish yourself on the mining land and to feel as safe as at home.

By using nearby villages you will find many people willing to work in the small scale mining company. In African countries it is very easy to employ local workers. By providing them some necessary accommodation, food and medicine, they will know you take care of your team and will be loyal to you. Do not underpay your workers. Offer them the average salary but fair to their work. We recommend that each person shall be paid based on their performance, rather than on the time worked. If the performance is double in the same time in comparison to other worker, the person shall receive the double pay. You will not be able to recognize in the first stage who is who and what character your workers have. During the time, this is going to be filtered, and some people will go, some will be fired and most of good people will stay working with you.

The acronym EQV stands for Equipment, Quality, Volume. It relates to three most important factors in the selective mining and small scale mining activities. The mining Equipment has its certain potential capacity. It shall be correctly evaluated including the number of people required to handle such equipment. If more people would raise the potential capacity of volume that may be processed, than the maximum number of people with equipment shall be calculated. If your mining equipment has capacity to handle 30 tonnes of material every day with 5 workers, that is what you wish to achieve daily and routinely. You are targeting the maximum available equipment capacity. The Quality factor relates to the higher grade of ores and better concentrate. Quality is relative to your results. One has to constantly keep an eye on better ores with higher grades, including to improve the Equipment factor and Volume factor to increase the Quality. The Volume factor relates to the amount of ores that is processed. There are many ways how one can increase the Volume processed, such as properly using Equipment, increasing the number of people, supporting the workers during the mining, awarding people for better performances, keeping discipline and working in few shifts.

Small scale mining groups and associations usually do not invest much or pay more money than they produce. This is very important in life and in business. One has to start with least expenses and produce more income over expenses.

Once you have established proper ratio of Equipment that relates to Quality of ores and daily and routinely Volume handling, you will be able to calculate how to maintain sustainable mining activity. One has to observe the expenses in relation to handling and maintaining the Equipment, Quality and Volume. There are also other expenses such as administration, royalties, taxes, research and much more. All expenses have to be lessened down with income and gold production increase. The gold mining production can be easily sustained or maintained if one has proper knowledge for it. It can also easily fail. The difference between the failure and success is in the learning, training and application of the knowledge.

Start Your Own Gold Mine is a fully integrated and straightforward business program that helps people to start with the small scale mining company and to produce the first 5 kilograms of gold. The program helps the investors and businessmen to start small without expensive payments for mining claims, research, geological reports and organization. It is mentor guided consulting and guidance program that helps the businessman to carry out all necessary steps to reach the gold production time.

If you wish to call mentor Mr. Jean Louis for anything relating to Start Your Own Gold Mine simply call the number or on mobile devices click on this phone number +256771843538 to get immediately in touch, regardless of the time zone.

Contact us to Start Your Own Gold Mine. There is a simple rule at Start Your Own Gold Mine: if we can help you, we do, whenever and wherever necessary, and it's the way we've been doing business since 2002, and the only way we know

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mining 101: ultimate list of gold mining equipment - precious metal info

mining 101: ultimate list of gold mining equipment - precious metal info

Found in Bulgaria are some of the oldest gold artifacts known to mankind, in the Varna Necropolis, a collection of graves built between 4700 and 4200 BC. This finding, dating back nearly 7000 years, provides evidence of the first civilization to use gold mining equipment. Some archeologists claim the Sakdrisi site in southern Georgia, which dates to roughly 4000 BC, is the worlds first gold mine.

In the 19th century, gold rushes occurred around the globe and people migrated to different regions hoping to strike it rich. The Victorian Gold Rush took place in Victoria, Australia, between 1851 and the late 1860s, and the Second Boer War took place in South Africa between 1899 and 1902. In America, the famous California Gold Rush took place in 1949, and discovery of Nevada's Carlin Trend,North America's largest gold depository,took placein 1961.

Since the beginning of civilization, humans have mined around 6 billions troy ounces of gold. Today, 2.5 percent of all gold production happens in Nevada, making it one of the primary regions on earth. As of 2017, China produced the most gold per year at 429 metric tons, followed by Australia, and then Russia. However, there's still a lot of gold out there, and you can join in the gold mining industry by investing in basic gold mining equipment.

There are two basic steps to gold mining: prospecting and production. "Prospecting" refers to the actual search in a certain area for valuable minerals, and "production," also known as mining, is the physical act of removing the gold from where you found it. Since different equipment exists for prospecting and mining, this article explores, briefly, equipment used for prospecting, and then focuses, primarily, on gold mining equipment.

How do you find gold? In the gold mining industry, theres a lot of value in learning from others who have gone before you. No one ever gets all the gold out of any one location. So, try going to where gold exists in abundance. Consider this: the California Gold Rush only removed a small percentage of the gold thats out there. That's right.

There are areas in California that are still open to recreational prospecting, including the Auburn State Recreation Area and the South Yuba Recreation lands. Once you get your feet wet in an area proven to have gold, you can move on to other areas closer to home. After mastering prospecting and gold-mining techniques, you might even want to look for gold in your own back yard.

Some people say, Gold is where you find it. What this means is you have to learn what to look for. First, understand that the way water moves in rivers and streams determines where gold deposits might settle. Next, you need to learn why gold concentrates in certain areas, and then search those areas.

Once youve selected a specific waterway for mining, youll want to pick specific points to search. Since it is impractical to search the entire stream or river, there are ways to read a waterway to determine the most likely places to find gold. The following describes how to find those places.

The first thing to know is gold is heavy. Its about 19 times heavier than the same amount of water and 6 times heavier than solid material found in streams and rivers. So, anything that slows the movement of water is likely to trap gold deposits. Things that slow down moving water are:

Water on the downriver side of obstacles will move slower, and this is where heavier gold will settle. When looking at a chosen waterway, begin by searching for natural dams where gold may have collected. Another place that collects heavier objects in a waterway is inside bends, places where water naturally slows down. Heavy objects will often form a bar at these points, and the upside of a bar inside bends is a great place to look for gold.

Once gold has settled in a stream, over time, it works its way down layers of soil and settles in bedrock. A great location for gold is in the material coating bedrock under a stream. Choose a location on the inside a bend where there is an obstruction and then dig to the bedrock. Sifting the soil coating bedrock, usually, will produce gold.

Learn to delay the excitement of seeing gold for the first time and you will have more gold-filled dirt to take home with you. Once you get better at choosing locations, and especially if you find a proven location, its best to spend your time digging and removing dirt, rather than sifting and cleaning it on site. Delay celebrating and get as much dirt as possible to take home. Once you get home, sift and clean the gold youve found.

Another great place to look for gold is in tall grass growing above an inside bend. Grass acts like a sieve and the largest gold pieces end up at the roots of grass. They often call this kind of gold oat gold. The pieces might be smaller than gold found in other places, but there could be a lot.

If you want to invest a little in your endeavor, you can purchase a metal detector designed to find gold. This gold mining equipment can cut down on the time spend hunting, but a mid-level detector can cost about $600.

When considering getting involved in gold prospecting and mining, make sure you learn and follow the rules. There are certain places where prospecting is legal and others where it is not. Many prospecting clubs exist and joining one can help ensure you are following rules. For examples, most sites require that you refill any holes you have dug, and that you do not destroy local plant life. Learn the rules before you head out with your gold mining equipment.

Once youve finished prospecting and have a location where you know there is gold, you will need gold mining equipment. What you use will depend on the size of your operation. If you are working in the gold industry, you will have industrial gold mining equipment. If you are mining on your own as a hobby, youll need smaller, personal gold mining equipment. Lets look at both.

If you want to use industrial mining equipment, make sure you have the proper training. If working for a business, they should provide needed training. However, if you purchased industrial gold mining equipment for a personal claim, be certain you know what you are doing. Safety should always come first.

Miners use drills for underground mining to create access holes for descending underground, or to place explosive charges to bring material to the surface. The drill miners choose depends on how and what is being mined.

Blasting tools create an explosion to blast away chunks of material to access minerals. Blasting can also remove chunks of unwanted materials that are keeping other machines or people from getting to a seam of wanted materials. In underground and open pit mines, miners use both drilling and blasting tools, often together. They use drills to place blasting tools at the right depth and in the right place.

Earth-moving machines move around large amounts of materials. They might haul material after blasting, move other materials allowing access to seams of minerals, dig underground mines, or get down to the bedrock where minerals might exist.

Crushing equipment moves materials around an underground mine. Miners use this equipment to keep the flow of materials going at an efficient rate, and to save money. It is easier to remove crushed rocks rather than heavy chunks, so crushing equipment saves time and effort.

A sluice box is a way to sift through raw material more quickly. Essentially, its automated panning. These machines used to be large and heavy in the early days of panning, but are now lightweight and easier to use. If youre serious about mining, they are worth checking out.

A higher quality sluice box, high banker boxes have a water pump allowing more material to move through faster. These boxes recycle water so you dont have to rely on water flow in the river. They recover more gold than basic models.

If you arent going into the professional gold mining industry, but are looking for a hobby or a part-time job to bring in a little extra money, consider joining a mining club to help you once you begin your prospecting journey. The club will help you learn about personal gold mining equipment, but, for now, lets take a quick look at what you will need.

There are lots of different sizes, colors, and options in gold pans. Essentially, a 14-inch plastic pan is the best size, by far. Color does not matter, however gold shows up better in black. Black sand shows up better in blue or green. There are many new kinds of pans, but a basic pan with sharp, undercut riffles is all you need. Make sure the bottom of the pan is as wide as possible to catch more gold.

You will need a place to store the gold you find. All you need is a waterproof container you can close tightly, such as a 35mm film container. You can purchase containers on the internet, specifically made for holding gold.

The last thing to consider is investing in Gold Lab, a personal system that recovers gold from the concentrate you have refined. A good gold panner can get most of the gold from refined dirt, but a Gold Lab kit will allow you to further refine and recover 100% of your gold.

Once you have your equipment, its time to get in the river to pan for gold. This simple technique mimics what the river does naturally. You recover material, or dirt and place it in the pan, from a river location where you think there might be gold. Then, you shake it in a left-to-right motion underwater to sweep away light materials while causing heavier materials to go to the bottom of the pan.

Take the pan with the riffles on the far side and shake it, vigorously, left and right. This breaks up materials sending heavier items to the bottom. Do not slosh water out of the pan. If you need to, repeat the previous step and break up larger chunks again.

Continue shaking the pan back and forth and keep removing the top layer of lighter materials until you are down to only the heaviest materials, such as coins, BBs, old bullets, buckshot, nails, garnets, black iron rocks and black sand. You should now be able to see gold in the pan when shaking and tilting it forward slightly.

Use a magnet to remove black sand and other metal objects. Keep removing things until only gold remains. Remove the larger gold pieces and save any leftover concentrate. Let it sit for a while so you can recover any remaining pieces of gold that settle.

If you have enjoy the outdoors, and have just a little ambition, you can make a hobby out of gold prospecting and mining. All you need are basic tools that as your gold mining equipment and the willingness to do a little research. Once you decide where to go, or join a mining club to help you find locations, pack up your tools and prospect. It may take practice at panning before you find anything, but once you do, youll love the feeling of satisfaction and discovery. If you find you enjoy the hobby, invest in semi-professional gold mining equipment and see if you can up the amount you discover. Even if you only discover a few flakes, prospecting can be a great way to make new friends, learn about the gold industry, and understand a little about gold prospectors of old. Its an inexpensive hobby, so grab basic gold mining equipment and get started today.

911MPE has for target market what mining professionals consider the pilot-plant scale mining operation or artisanal mining operations with a focus around under 500TPD. Metals you can extract include: gold, silver or other of the precious group as well as the classic base metals; copper, lead, zinc, nickel, molybdenum. Much of our ultra-small scale equipment allows you to process from just a few kilo (pounds) per day and work on your passion for a small budget.

gold mining business plan [sample template for 2021]

gold mining business plan [sample template for 2021]

Do you want to start a gold mining company? If YES, here is a detailed sample small scale gold mining business plan template & feasibility report.There are money spinning businesses that are monopolized by wealthy people and accredited investors and one of such businesses is operating a gold ore mine.

The gold ore mining business is indeed a profitable business, but you must be ready to scale through very high barriers before launching this type of business. If you have conducted your market research and feasibility studies, the next step to follow is to write a detailed blueprint of how you intend raising your seed capital, setting up the business, managing the flow of the business, sorting out tax and marketing your services amongst others.

Players in the Gold and Silver Ore Mining industry primarily mine gold and silver-bearing ores. Mining activities include the development of mine sites and the on-site processing of ore into a concentrate or bullion. Gold and silver ore mining companies typically retain ownership of the semi-processed gold or silver products and pay for further refining on a toll-charge basis.

If you are an observer of the Gold and Silver Ore Mining industry, you will notice that the industry revenue is largely a function of production volume and commodity prices. For the Gold and Silver Ore Mining industry, output volumes and sales prices for both gold and silver have fallen over the past five years, leading to significant industry contraction.

Meanwhile, demand from manufacturers of electrical equipment, electronic products and jewelry, which comprises the industrys primary markets, has stagnated or even declined over the past five years as a result of high import penetration and input costs. Overall, industry revenue is expected to decline over the five years to 2017.

In the united states of America, the industry generates over $9 billion annually from more than 162 gold and silver ore mining companies scattered all around the country. The industry is responsible for the employment of over 14,282 people. Experts project the industry to grow at a -9.0 percent annual rate. Barrick, Kinross Gold and Newmont are the market leaders in this industry in the United States of America; they have the lion market share in the industry.

A recent report published by IBISWorld shows that the five years to 2017 have been volatile for the Gold and Silver Ore Mining industry. The report further stated that the industry revenue spiked until 2012, proving this industry to be one of the few that benefited from the financial crisis, as well as the years of economic instability that followed.

In times of economic turmoil, investors look to buy safe-haven assets such as gold and silver, causing gold and silver prices to surge. This helped industry revenue to grow through to 2012. In fact, strong demand from domestic and international investors drove gold prices to all-time highs. Furthermore, an undersupply of gold due to decreased industry production in the 2000s further contributed to the spike in prices.

If you are considering starting a gold mining business whether on a small scale or on a large scale, then you should ensure that you obtain all the necessary permits from the local, state and federal government. The truth is that this type of business does pretty well when it is strategically positioned.

In summary, gold mining business is a profitable business venture and it is open for any aspiring entrepreneur to come in and establish his or her business; you can choose to start on a small scale on a large scale with robust distribution networks all across the United States of America and other countries of the world.

Our business goal as a gold mining company is to become the number one choice of jewelry making companies and other companies that make use of gold and silver in the United States and other countries of the world. As a business, we are willing to go the extra mile to invest in owning our own environmentally friendly gold and silver mines and also to hire efficient and dedicated employees.

We have been able to secure permits and licenses from all relevant departments both at the local government and state level in the United States of America. TTK Gold Mining Company is set to redefine how a standard gold mining business should be run all across the world. This is why we have put plans in place for continuous training of all our staff.

The demand for gold and silver is not going to plummet any time soon which is why we have put plans in place to continue to explore all available market around the United States and other countries of the world. In the nearest future, we will ensure that we create a wide range of distribution channels all across the United States of America and other countries of the world.

TTK Gold Mining Company will at all-time demonstrate her commitment to sustainability, both individually and as a firm, by actively participating in our communities and integrating sustainable business practices wherever possible. We will ensure that we hold ourselves accountable to the highest standards by meeting our customers needs precisely and completely.

TTK Gold Mining Company is a partnership business that will be jointly owned by Tony Kenneth, Tyson Barker and Karis Murphy. Tony Kenneth who is the Chief Executive Officer of the Company has a Degree in Mining Technology with over 10 years experience working in related industry as a senior manager cum mining engineer prior to starting TTK Gold Mining Company. He will be working with a team of professionals to build the business and grow it to enviably heights.

TTK Gold Mining Company is established with the aim of maximizing profits in the gold and silver mining industry. We want to compete favorably with leaders in the industry which is why we have but in place a competent team that will ensure that our products are of high standard.

We will work hard to ensure that TTK Gold Mining Company is not just accepted in the United States of America, but also in other countries of the world where we intend supplying our products. Our products are listed below;

As part of our plan to build a top flight gold mining company in Boise County Idaho that will favorably compete with leaders in the industry, we have perfected plans to get it right from the onset which is why we are going the extra mile to ensure that we have competent employees to occupy all the available positions in our company.

Due to our drive for excellence when it comes to running a standard gold mining company, we were able to engage some of the finest business consultants in the United States of America to look through our business concept and together we were able to critically examine the prospect of the business and to assess ourselves to be sure we have what it takes to run a standard gold mining business that can compete favorably in the industry.

In view of that, we were able to take stock of our strengths, our weakness, our opportunities and also the threats that we are likely going to be exposed to in the United States of America. Here is a of what we got from the critically conducted SWOT Analysis for TTK Gold Mining Company;

Another factor that counts to our advantage is the background of our Chief Executive Office; he has a robust experience in the industry and also a pretty good academic qualification to match the experience acquired which has placed him amongst the top flight players in the gold and silver mining industry. We are not ignoring the fact that our team of highly qualified and dedicated workers will also serve as strength for our organization.

We do not take for granted the facts that we have weaknesses. In fact, the reality that we are setting up a gold mining company in the United States might pose a little challenge. In essence our chosen location might be our weakness.

The opportunities available to us are unlimited. There are loads of jewelry making companies and other manufacturing companies that make use of raw gold all across the globe and all what we are going to do to push our products to them is already perfected.

The threat that is likely going to confront us is the fact that we are competing with already established gold mining companies in the United States and other countries of the world. Of course, they will compete with us in winning over the available market. Another threat that we are likely going to face is unfavorable government policies and economic downturn.

Gold and silver mining is a lucrative business in the United States and Canada and in looking at the trends of these mega countries over the course of golds bull, it is apparent that the results vary quite substantially; and China and Russia that have experienced the biggest growth over this stretch. China in particular has carved out an incredible growth story, with its production volume up a staggering 92 percent since 2001.

Talking about the two North American land giants, their gold-mining trends have been ugly over the last decade or so. Incredibly, both the US and Canada have seen output fall by nearly a third to 2011s respective tallies of 237mt and 110mt. Their mature gold-mining infrastructures were just decimated by the secular bear that preceded the current bull.

Up until the 1990s the US and Canadas gold-mining industries operated like well-oiled machines, with the miners consistently putting forth sizeable capital towards exploration and development. Exploration was successful in renewing and growing the reserves that were being mined, and continual expansion and new development sustained and even grew production.

It is common trend in the gold and silver ore mining line of business to find mining companies positioning their business in locations and communities where they can easily have access to mines and of course cheap labor. If you make the mistake of positioning this type of business in a location where you would have to travel a distance before you can access gold and silver mines, then you would have to struggle to make profits and maintain your overhead and logistics.

Also, another trend in this line of business is that most registered and well organized mining companies look beyond the market within their locations or state; they ensure that they strike business deals with leading jewelry making companies in the United States of America and other countries of the world.

The truth is that if as a gold mining company you are able to become a vendor to one or more jewelry making giants in the United States of America or in other countries of the world, you will always continue to smile to the bank.

When it comes to supplying product from gold and silver mines, there is indeed a well-defined market. This goes to show that the target market for products from gold mining companies is far reaching. In view of that, we have conducted our market research and we have ideas of what our target market would be expecting from us. We are in business to engage in supply of raw gold and silver to the following organizations;

As a standard and licensed gold mining company, we know that gaining a competitive edge requires a detailed analysis of the demographics of the surrounding area and the nature of the existing competitors. And even if you are successful at first, new competitors could enter your market at any time to steal your regular customers. Hence we will not hesitate to adopt successful and workable strategies from our competitors.

Another competitive advantage that we have is the vast experience of our management team; we have people on board who understand how to grow a business from the scratch to becoming a national phenomenon. Our large and robust distribution network and of course our excellent customer service culture will definitely count as a strong strength for the business.

Lastly, our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be among the best within our category in the industry, meaning that they will be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our aims and objectives. We will also give good working conditions and commissions to freelance sales agents that we will recruit from time to time.

One thing is certain when it comes to gold and silver mining, if your business is strategically positioned and you have good relationship with players in the jewelry manufacturing industry, you will always attract customers cum sales and that will sure translate to increase in revenue generation for the business.

We are well positioned to take on the available market in and around the United States of America and we are quite optimistic that we will meet our set target of generating enough profits from the first six months of operation and grow the business and our clientele base.

We have been able to critically examine the gold and silver ore mining line of business, we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to come up with the following sales forecast. The sales projections are based on information gathered on the field and some assumptions that are peculiar to startups in the United States of America.

Below are the sales projections for TTK Gold Mining Company, it is based on the location of our business and other factors as it relates to small scale and medium scale gold and silver mining company startups in the United States of America;

N.B: This projection was done based on what is obtainable in the industry and with the assumption that there wont be any major economic meltdown and there wont be any major competitor offering same product and customer care services as we do within same location. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher.

Before choosing a location to start TTK Gold Mining Company, we conducted thorough market survey and feasibility studies in order for us to penetrate the available market in the United States of America. We have detailed information and data that we were able to utilize to structure our business to compete with other gold and silver mining companies.

We hired experts who have good understanding of the gold and silver ore mining line of business to help us develop marketing strategies that will help us achieve our business goal of winning a larger percentage of the available market.

Regardless of the fact that our gold mining company can favorably compete with other leading mining companies in the United States of America and in any part of the world, we will still go ahead to intensify publicity for all our products and brand.

TTK Gold Mining Company has a long term plan of exporting our product all across the United States of America and other countries of the world. This is why we will deliberately build our brand to be well accepted in Boise County Idaho before venturing out to other cities all across the United States of America and other countries of the world.

As a matter of fact, our publicity and advertising strategy is not solely for selling our products but to also effectively communicate our brand. Here are the platforms we intend leveraging on to promote and advertise TTK Gold Mining Company;

At TTK Gold Mining Company we will keep the prices of our products below the average market rate by keeping our overhead low and by collecting payment in advance from well established jewelry manufacturing companies that would require constant supply of raw gold and silver.

The payment policy adopted by TTK Gold Mining Company is all inclusive because we are quite aware that different customers prefer different payment options as it suits them but at the same time, we will ensure that we abide by the financial rules and regulation of the United States of America.

In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will enable our clients make payment for our gold and silver without any stress on their part. Our bank account numbers will be made available on our website and promotional materials.

From our market survey and feasibility studies, we have been able to come up with a detailed budget of how to achieve our aim of establishing a standard and highly competitive gold mining company in the United States of America and here are the key areas where we will spend our startup capital on;

No matter how fantastic your business idea might be, if you dont have the required money to finance the business, the business might not become a reality. Finance is a very important factor when it comes to starting a gold and silver mining business.

TTK Gold Mining Company is a partnership business that is owned and financed by Tony Kenneth, Tyson Barker and Karis Murphy. They do not intend to welcome any external business partner which is why they decided to restrict the sourcing of startup capital to 3 major sources.

N.B: We have been able to generate about $500, 000 (Personal savings $400, 000 and soft loan from family members $100, 000) and we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $1.5 million from our bank. All the papers and documents have been signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited with the amount.

The future of a business lies in the number of loyal customers that they have the capacity and competence of their employees, their investment strategy and their business structure. If all of these factors are missing from a business, then it wont be too long before the business close shop.

One of our major goals of starting TTK Gold Mining Company is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for injecting finance from external sources once the business is officially running. We know that one of the ways of gaining approval and winning customers over is to supply our raw gold and silver a little bit cheaper than what is obtainable in the market and we are well prepared to survive on lower profit margin for a while.

TTK Gold Mining Company will make sure that the right foundation, structures and processes are put in place to ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Our companys corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and training and retraining of our workforce is at the top burner.

As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of three years or more. We know that if that is put in place, we will be able to successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to help us build the business of our dreams.

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why you should start a mining company (and how you can get started!)

why you should start a mining company (and how you can get started!)

There are loads of startup ideas floating around that people will recommend. Most of which will require little or investment capital to kick start it. A mining business may be the last thing on your mind. You may not have even considered it.

But sometimes the real money is in the businesses that no one is paying attention to.Starting a mining company doesnt have to be capital intensive. There are lots of other opportunities available in the mining industry.

You may not be able to get directly to a mining region to start digging for minerals. But you could offer other services like consultancy, temporary developers, transportation, brokerage, financial consulting, machine sales, risk assessment services, power supply, equipment leasing, Software and technology, safety services and even data mining.

A lot of mining companies will gladly consider paying for your services if you get the basics right and get your legal documentation in place. Most mining companies handle huge financial transactions, hence the need to do business with third parties or suppliers that have all the legal requirements and are properly documented.

Success in themining industry requires lots of research. And you will need mining industry knowledge. If you know people who are already doing business in the industry, get to know them real fast. Speak to people right from the registration stage to selling the minerals in or outside the country you will choose to do business.

Incorporating a company in any country of interest is basically the same for all industries. But you will most likely require special documentation.Most mined products are exported, hence you will need toobtain an export license. Look into that too.

If you dont intend to drill directly. the best way to get a good start in the industry is to contact the mining companies and ask for problems they face and what you can do about them. Or if possible look at relocating to one of the regional mining centres.

You cant mine for resources if you dont have tools to help you. This includes things like drills, industrial pumps, construction vehicles, etc. Theres a lot that needs to be purchased, and you have to make sure you dont go over budget.

All businesses will need employees to help everything come together. With a mining company, youll need lots of them. You need people to do the manual labour jobs and help mine the materials. But you willneed experienced employees.There can be no exceptions here.

Again, if you are choosing to go into drilling, one of the biggest challenges you will be facing is accommodating workers.This includes providers of temporary accommodation near your mine sites. You will have to build accommodation in nearby towns for your skilled labourers.

These are the two biggest considerations for you, you cant forget them! Get all your equipment, hire your employees, and youre on your way to starting a company. As I mentioned earlier, there are some great reasons you should go into this industry. If you want a business that will stand the test of time, this is the one for you.

Occupational health and safety cannot be overemphasised in the mining industry. It can make or break your business. Dont take your employees health for granted. Invest in the right training and equipment to make sure their lives are protected all the time whether they are onsite or offsite.

Mining businesses present you with a big chance of making a profit, fast. This is because it can cost very little to mine certain resources, which will sell for lots of money. There are certain things that are in high demand and will easily sell for a lot of cash.

All you have to do is mine them and sell to those that need them. Stuff like gold and iron ore are easy to mine and will sell for big money. The services and equipment needed to run a successful mining business are also huge opportunities. Hundreds of businesses who dont drill for minerals are making profits from just the equipment they supply mining companies.

Starting a mining company will give you a chance to mine for so many things. This is good because it means youve got a diverse selection to choose from. If one thing starts to dry up, you can move onto another resource instead. Look at where the market is going, and mine things that are in high demand. There will never be a time when you have nothing to mine and no work to do.

Whats unique about a mining company is that it can take you to many different places. You wont be stuck in the same location, doing the same thing, every day. Your business will take you all over the world as you look for the best places to mine for resources. It means work will be fun, and you get to travel a lot and see new things. Certainly a step up from boring office work.

But the challenges of getting started can be enormous. The legalities can be one of your biggest hurdles. You will also need huge upfront financial backing. Change in government policy can significantly change how you do business. Do your research and make sure every sector of the mining industry you decide to explore will be worth your time and investment.

chromebook cheat sheet: how to get started | computerworld

chromebook cheat sheet: how to get started | computerworld

The beauty of Chrome OS today is its versatility: The operating system supports a huge range of applications in a variety of different formats web apps, progressive web apps, native Chrome apps, Android apps, and even Linux apps (gracious!).

That's enough to make anyone's head spin. As a result of that platform-defying setup, though, Chromebooks can now handle all sorts of advanced productivity tasks and are viable far beyond their original web-centric focus, when the concept was quite literally just a "browser in a box" a full-screen Chrome window with no desktop, nothing resembling a traditional app, and next to no options to consider.

But with power comes complexity, and you guessed it the weakness of Chrome OS today is that very same versatility. With so many types of apps and so many sources for software, it's almost impossible to know where to begin and how to get started on your Chromebook adventure. And that's to say nothing of figuring out the finer points of the operating system and how to optimize the environment for efficiency.

The interface itself may still be relatively minimalist, compared to other operating systems with its customizable dock (the "shelf") for holding frequently-accessed programs, its scrolling app drawer (the "launcher") for finding everything else installed on a system, and its Android-reminiscent settings and notification panel but beyond that unassuming surface, there's actually a fair amount going on.

For a platform once touted for its simplicity, things sure have gotten complicated. But they don't have to be daunting. Follow this carefully crafted guide to getting started with Chrome OS both finding the right apps from the right places and getting your system organized for optimal efficiency and we'll have you up and running with a custom-tuned setup in no time.

The first step is simply to decide what software you need on your Chromebook what apps will most effectively help you get your work (and non-work) accomplished. Make a quick list of your essentials: What app or service do you prefer to use for email? Do you need an app for chatting with colleagues? What about project management? Image editing? Note taking? Word processing and other office work?

Once you've figured out what programs you want, it's time to think through the best place to find each of them. Let's go through the main Chrome OS app types one by one and see which might make the most sense for different items on your list:

In general, with most Google apps and web-centric services, you'll be fine sticking with the regular web versions the same sites you always pull up in your browser. You can even create shortcuts to make them look and act more like apps and to keep them readily accessible: Just open the appropriate site in a normal browser tab, click the three-dot menu icon in Chrome's upper-right corner, and then select "More tools" followed by "Create shortcut." Give the shortcut whatever name you want and if you'd like it to open in its own app-like window instead of a standard browser tab, select the "Open as window" option.

We've heard a lot of buzz lately about progressive web apps, or PWAs apps that install directly from the browser and then look and act like regular desktop apps, with their own standalone windows and shortcuts, speedier start times, and built-in support for offline use.

PWAs can be a nice alternative to regular web apps, but the problem is that there just aren't a ton of worthwhile options at this point nor is there any spectacular storefront for browsing through available options.

If you regularly use Twitter or Spotify, both services offer PWAs that are worth your while. For Twitter, you'll want to open the site's mobile version, then click the three-dot menu icon in your browser's top-right corner and select "Install Twitter" from the menu that appears. For Spotify, you'll want to open the dedicated PWA site then click Chrome's three-dot menu icon and select "Install Spotify."

You can browse through other PWA possibilities in third-party databases maintained at Appscope and Appspot, but neither has much of great consequence beyond the two aforementioned titles and both have plenty of entities that aren't technically even PWAs. (The PWA-identifying trick: If you open a site and don't see the "Install [site name]" option in Chrome's menu, it isn't a true progressive web app.)

So you've got some regular web apps and maybe a progressive web app or two excellent. Now open up the Chrome Web Store and see if there are any titles there that'd be beneficial to you. In short, Chrome apps are small programs that use the Chrome browser as their base but look and act like native desktop applications and are relevant only to Chrome OS. The Web Store also boasts an array of cross-platform browser extensions, which are add-ons that bring a variety of useful functions into your regular Chrome windows.

You can certainly look through the extensions and you might find some intriguing options, such as Text Blaze, a time-saving typing tool that brings desktop-like text replacement into the Chrome OS environment but mostly, I'd suggest looking at offline-capable apps, especially if you think you might find yourself using your Chromebook without an active internet connection at least some of the time.

Services such as Gmail, Google Docs, and Google Drive offer their own built-in offline options (though do be aware that you'll need to enable the offline option in each of those services before it'll work; here's how to do that for Gmail, for Docs, and for Drive). Most Chromebooks also now come with a handful of preinstalled offline-capable apps, including a calculator, a plain text editor, a basic image editor, and a file manager; all of those should be in your device's launcher and ready to roll right out of the gate.

For anything beyond that, browse through the Web Store's offline-ready section to see what you find. Note-taking services such as Any.do, Google Keep, and Wunderlist all have offline-capable apps available there, as does the popular article-saving service Pocket. You'll also find photo editors, voice recorders, and even a variety of games that'll work with or without an internet connection.

Another category of software that works offline and adds interesting possibilities into the Chrome OS environment is Google's sprawling collection of Android apps all the same stuff you'd install on your Android phone, from the very same Google Play Store storefront. Most current Chromebooks support the Play Store and offer it as an option within the Chrome OS launcher; if you don't see it on your device, try opening up your Chromebook's settings and searching for "Play Store" in the box at the top. If an option labeled "Google Play Store" comes up, click it and follow the steps to enable its presence. If no such option appears, your device is probably among the remaining crop of Chromebooks that doesn't support the feature.

The trick with Android apps on Chrome OS is to know which apps are worth getting which, in other words, will actually enhance your Chromebook experience in some meaningful way. Especially since so many Android apps are also available in web-based forms, figuring that out isn't always easy.

I maintain an evolving list of Android apps for Chromebooks that aims to identify the most worthwhile titles. Among the apps I'd recommend installing from the Play Store are Microsoft's Office utilities (provided you have an Office 365 subscription and prefer Word and its counterparts over the Google Docs family), Evernote (if you enjoy using that service for note management), and Skype (if you rely on Skype for any sort of video communication). Microsoft's Outlook app for Android is also in many ways superior to the service's web version, and the Google Calendar Android app will let you access your calendar offline something its web-based brother won't do.

The last type of app to consider is the newest addition to Chrome OS and one that's still available only on a limited number of systems. It's also the most complicated to navigate but not to worry: I've got you covered.

First, click over to my Linux apps on Chrome OS guide to see if your Chromebook is even compatible with Linux apps and then to learn how to enable Linux support for it, if it is. Then, look through my evolving list of Linux app for Chromebook recommendations to see which titles might be right for you.

With your apps all set, our next step is to get everything organized so you can access what you need with a minimal amount of ongoing effort. Chrome OS may not have a desktop in the traditional sense, but it does have two important areas for app storage, as we discussed at the start of this story: the launcher, or app drawer, and the shelf the tray of docked icons at the bottom of the screen.

The launcher is where everything installed on your system appears. You can open it by either tapping your Chromebook's Search key or clicking the circle-shaped icon in the lower-left corner of the screen and then clicking the upward-facing arrow in the partial drawer that appears. If your device is a two-in-one that converts into a tablet by swiveling the screen around past the 180-degree mark or by detaching the screen from the keyboard completely the launcher will remain open on your desktop by default whenever it's in a tablet state.

You can drag and drop icons throughout the launcher to change their order or drag icons atop other icons to form folders and organize things in any way you like. Truthfully, though, you probably won't need to browse through that area too often; it's far faster to simply tap the Search key or click the circle-shaped icon in the lower-left corner of the screen and then start typing the name of the app you want. After one or maybe two letters, it should appear as the top option and you can simply hit enter to open it.

For apps you open often, find them in the launcher, right-click (or two-finger tap) them, and then select "Pin to shelf." Once the icon appears in your shelf, you can drag and drop it to change its position. Pay careful attention to that, as each position holds a hidden shortcut: From anywhere in the system, you can press Alt and the number key corresponding with an icon's placement in your shelf to open the associated program (or shift your focus to it, if it's already open).

Between the Alt-number key shortcut, the Alt-Tab app-switching command, and the Overview key (the key showing a box with two lines, directly to the left of the brightness controls on your keyboard), opening and moving among apps on Chrome OS can always be swift and snappy.

Congratulations! Your Chromebook is officially stocked, organized, and ready to help you get stuff done. All that's left to do now is think about learning some advanced tricks for getting around Chrome OS and taking advantage of everything it has to offer.

First of all, Chrome OS is filled with useful shortcuts beyond the few mentioned above. You can capture a screenshot by holding down Ctrl and then pressing the Overview key, for instance or if you want to capture a specific area of the screen instead of the entire display, hit Ctrl, Shift, and the Overview key together and then use the on-screen guides to select any area you want.

Last but not least, if you want to get Google-centric tips and insight all throughout the year, take 20 seconds now to sign up for my Android Intelligence newsletter. It'll bring all sorts of next-level knowledge to your inbox every Friday just one email per week, from me to you.

Contributing Editor JR Raphael serves up tasty morsels about the human side of technology. Hungry for more? Join him on Twitter or sign up for his weekly newsletter to get fresh tips and insight in your inbox every Friday.

what would it cost to build a bitcoin mining rig today?

what would it cost to build a bitcoin mining rig today?

Poolin.com has put together an updated analysis of the present cost of putting together a profitable Bitcoin mining rig. This information provides a unique insight into the complexities of the ever-changing mining landscape.

In the article, the mining pool notes that there a wide range of individual variables determine mining profitability. Poolin has created a mining profit estimator that breaks down these factors to better understand which rig is the best value.

It is important to note that electricity costs vary widely from place-to-place, and are the most significant factor in long-term mining costs. Thus, more power hungry rigs that also produce a higher hash rate may be more suitable for areas with cheaper electricity, but less so where this cost would be higher.

Critical to all mining operations is the break even factor, which the mining estimator seeks to determine. This is the value of cryptocurrency that must be produced for the cost of the rig to be paid for. For example, one featured Bitcoin mining rig costs USD $1,767 to build and operate and generates $4.56 in profit per day at current prices. Thus, it would need to run for 387 days to become profitable. Factored into this number are electricity costs.

Also, however, is the fact that even after breaking even the rigs will consume electricity. Thus, they will only remain profitable as long as they produce enough crypto to cover this cost. Poolin refers to this as the shutdown price. Determining when a rig has crossed this threshold can be very tricky.

Much has been made of large pools taking over the mining space, notably with regards to Bitcoin. Of particular note is the fact that the most advanced mining rigs often become available to these enterprise operations months before they can be purchased by independent consumers. For example, critics have long accused Bitmain of using its most cutting edge equipment exclusively for its own mining farms and selling only the older rigs on the open market.

Thus, successful Bitcoin and crypto mining requires a very close eye for detail. Efficiency must be a top priority, as every variable will play a role in the final outcome. This includes equipment costs, electricity costs, and choice of platform to mine. However, with proper planning, and access to the best information, profitability can be achieved.

land surveying equipment, surveying supplies, surveyor supplies, construction tools - engineersupply

land surveying equipment, surveying supplies, surveyor supplies, construction tools - engineersupply

Your job requires you to use the highest-quality surveying equipment and tools, which is why Engineering Supply sells the most recognized manufacturers of commercial-grade surveying instruments. All of our products will stand up to daily commercial use, which is why you should buy your tools from us.

Surveyors today have access to both ancient and modern equipment. And while the theodolite is a proven tool that has been in use for centuries, the total station combines the function of a theodolite with some added features that eliminates the need for a second person. It can also give you more accurate measurements over extreme distances, which is gathered electronically and can be imported into a computer for further analysis. However, its more expensive than other types of surveying equipment and takes more skill to operate.

Like the theodolite, the auto-level is an optical measuring instrument. But unlike the theodolite (which can measure horizontal and vertical angles), the auto-level can establish or verify points located on the same horizontal plane. It also has an internal mechanism that removes the possibility of variations and inaccuracies in measurements. The theodolite has a mounted telescope that can be moved horizontally and vertically. And when its pointed toward the area you want to measure, it can determine the place of both the horizontal and vertical axes with a great deal of precision.

Here at Engineering Supply, we only sell the best survey supplies and tools because we know that, as a professional, you need to have high-quality instruments that are built to last. All of the products we have in our inventory are built for daily commercial use, so we dont sell cheap equipment. We know you want good surveying equipment that will save you time and headache on the job site. So if youre looking for some of the best tools on the market, be sure to look at what we have in stock.

We sell all types of surveying equipment from grade rods and laser levels to theodolites and total stations. And all of them will give you accurate results while youre on the job site. Were an authorized dealer of quality survey supplies. So no matter what kind of tool you need, we have you covered. Feel free to look at what we have in our store. And if you have any questions, feel free to reach out to us. We would be happy to speak with you!

Land surveyors need to use high-tech equipment and mathematics to create maps and measurements of specific areas of land, and they may have a number of functions (depending on the type of surveying they do). Some of the common surveying jobs include: Construction or Engineering This type of surveyor looks at changes in property lines as well as the location of buildings and roads. This person may also survey road topography and grade, or may look at the appropriate depth for laying the buildings foundation. Geodetic Someone who uses satellite and aerial imaging to measure very large portions of the earth. Maps - Boundary or Land This type of surveyor fulfills the important duty of determining exactly where property lines are located. There are other types of surveyors, but these are the most common. Surveyors must stand by their work, and theyre required to make accurate calculations. Thats why Engineering Supply offers the best surveying instruments on the market. Some of the products that we sell include but may not be limited to: Surveying tripods Surveying bipods Fiberglass grade rods Aluminum grade rods Builders grade rods Story poles Laser levels Auto-levels Transit levels Hand levels Abney levels Surveyors brush axes Land surveying markers Land surveying rods Marking paint Surveying prisms Prism poles GNSS equipment Total stations GPS equipment Property corner pin finders Bags and cases Surveyors roll flagging Theodolites Transits Mag nails PK nails Magnetic locators Tribachs Land surveying adapters

EngineerSupply was founded and started in 1999 with the idea of aggregating Engineering Supplies, Land Surveying Equipment, Drafting Supplies, Art Equipment, Industrial Equipment, and Construction Tools into one combined catalog. Internet technology allows a company like EngineerSupply to keep a catalog updated, but that alone is not enough... View More

equipment you'll find at a typical surface mine - vector solutions

equipment you'll find at a typical surface mine - vector solutions

All of the terms, definitions, and images in this article come from our online MSHA Part 46 Typical Equipment in a Surface Mine training course. Weve included a short sample of that online mining safety course below.

Either track-mounted or tire-mounted, backhoes are a type of excavator equipped with a bucket that faces toward itself. The typical backhoe design incorporates an inward-facing bucket affixed to an articulated arm, or boom. Backhoes are often used for removing and loading overburden as well as scraping down high banks and digging ditches.

Bins and hoppers are containers with open tops for material to enter and an opening at the bottom for material to exit, typically over a conveyor or feeder. They are filled from the top by a loader or conveyor and discharge material at a continuous rate through the opening at the bottom for distribution to other processing and sorting operations.

Feeders transport material a short distance at a consistent rate using conveyor belts or screw conveyors. Feeders may also have an integrated breaker mechanism used to reduce material size as needed for the next processing stage.

Management offices, workshops, storage, refueling, and power generation may all be located on-site. In some cases, a control tower may also be constructed to offer a complete view of processing operations.

Some of the most common types of classifiers are spiral and rake classifiers. Both of these classifiers separate material by dragging the material along the bottom of an inclined surface in a settling chamber from the bottom (inlet) to the top (discharge).

Cone crushers are typically used in downstream crushing operations for medium-sized materials. Like the jaw crusher, the material is fed into the cone crusher from the top and discharged at the bottom. As the material enters the crusher, an eccentrically rotating cone forces the materials against a crushing plate. The shape and movement of the cone progressively reduces the size of material as it moves down through the crushing chamber to the sizing gap above the discharge opening. Resized material may be further sorted and transported to stockpiles or other processing operations.

Draglines, a type of specialized excavation equipment, operate by casting a heavy cable-hung bucket outward from a crane-like boom and dragging the bucket toward itself to remove large amounts of overburden, load ore, and manage stockpiles. Draglines can be equipped with buckets of specific design and weight to match the materials being mined.

Dredges are a type of excavation equipment used to remove material from underwater. They can be land-based or barge-mounted and may employ powerful suction or physical digging methods to bring material to the surface for removal or processing.

Front-end loaders, or simply loaders, are large, typically tire-mounted vehicles with a deep, wide bucket mounted at the front. Loaders are used to load mined material into haul trucks and feeders, push or dump overburden, and manage stockpile or refuse areas. In sand and gravel operations, loaders may also be used for excavation.

Surface mines require the constant operation of heavy equipment consuming large volumes of liquid fuel. Since much of this equipment is not designed to be driven on conventional roadways, refueling must be done on-site making fuel tanks and pumps a necessity. Tanks may be above or below ground and can range in size from 500 to many thousands of gallons.

Active mining operations are often spread across a large area, making walking to distant locations impractical and potentially dangerous. Miners, contractors, and supervisors often need to move quickly between work areas to do their jobs, perform maintenance, and address issues as they arise. A broad range of common passenger vehicles and pickup trucks may share haulage roads to transport people, tools, and small equipment where they are needed.

In-pit belt conveyors are used to move material within a large, active mining pit area or from the pit to loading areas for further distribution within the mine. In-pit conveyors may also move mined material to portable crushing systems that reduce the size of larger rocks or minerals for easier transport.

Jaw crushers are often used early in the production process to prepare material for processing. Raw mined material enters the top of the machine where a moveable jaw opens and closes repeatedly to break the material against a fixed stationary plate. When the material has been reduced to a size small enough to pass through the opening below the jaws, it exits the crusher and may be further sorted for stockpiling or downstream processing.

Most mines will have a maintenance and repair shop onsite to store replacement parts, supplies, tools, and other specialized machinery while providing sufficient space to maintain and repair equipment.

Overland belt conveyors are used on mine sites where there is the need for continuous movement of high volumes of material over long distances, in some cases, several miles. This type of bulk material handling conveyor may be used to transport material from the pit to processing areas or loading areas for rail or barge transport.

Scrapers are a type of earthmoving machine with an open, centrally mounted hopper or bowl with a blade-like leading edge that can be raised or lowered hydraulically to selectively remove and spread overburden over level or relatively level terrain.

Screw conveyors use a rotating, helical screw to move liquid or granular materials through a tube or trough. The screw is commonly referred to as a flighting and may either wrap in a spiral pattern around a central shaft or be shaftless.

Shovels, sometimes called power shovels, are versatile excavation machines, often track-mounted, with a large, outward-facing bucket at the end of a powerful, articulated boom that can rotate 360 degrees. Shovels are used primarily to dig out and remove overburden as well as selectively load material for transport.

Often tire-mounted, skid steers are quick, compact, highly maneuverable, and extremely versatile machines which perform a broad range of vital duties throughout the mine. They may be used in excavation work to carry, spread, and load loose material as well as serve an array of grading, site preparation, construction, demolition, and repair functions.

Track haulage involves the loading and management of specially designed railroad cars to transport enormous volumes of overburden or mined material to other areas of the mine or off-site to distant locations.

Since mining operations exist for the purpose of selling extracted and processed commodities, industrial truck scales are put in place to keep track of transported material volumes. Truck scales are normally situated on drive paths close to where over-the-road trucks exit the mine carrying processed material to customers.

Water reclamation systems remove fine sediments and return a high percentage of the used water back into the mining process. These systems may involve large settling tanks, mud presses, storm water discharge areas, and extensive piping and pumps to reduce runoff, manage environmental impact, and conserve resources.

Weve taken these terms and definitions and have put them together in a multimedia, interactive surface mining equipment glossary. Its cool, and theres even a way for you to download the interactive glossary for free. Go check it out.

Knowing the equipment at a surface mine will help you know whats what and get the job done. Especially if youre a brand new worker or a contractor whos been hired to work at a mine site. So we hope you found some value in this article.

Jeff Dalto, Senior Learning & Performance Improvement Manager Jeff is a learning designer and performance improvement specialist with more than 20 years in learning and development, 15+ of which have been spent working in manufacturing, industrial, and architecture, engineering & construction training. Jeff has worked side-by-side with more than 50 companies as they implemented online training. Jeff is an advocate for using evidence-based training practices and is currently completing a Masters degree in Organizational Performance and Workplace Learning from Boise State University. He writes the Vector Solutions | Convergence Training blog and invites you to connect with him on LinkedIn.

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