vodka made from milk? yes. - chicago tribune

vodka made from milk? yes. - chicago tribune

While the idea of making vodka from milk might seem absurd, using milk to produce alcohol is a long-standing tradition among nomadic Siberians, among whom milk was the only source of sugar available. In Tuva, a Russian Republic in Southern Siberia, milk vodka is traditionally known as araka.

Black Cow Pure Milk Vodka is the brainchild of Jason Barber, a sixth-generation member of the renowned Barber cheese family, and friend Paul Archard. It was inspired by a conversation over a glass of homemade eau de vie (fruit brandy) with a Polish friend. After sampling the homemade brandy (to some disapproval it seems), the friend wrinkled his nose and said, You know you can make good drink from milk. Barbers herd of 250 grass-fed dairy cows stared back at them.

Unlike the conventional method of distilling vodka from grains or potatoes and blending it with water, Black Cow Vodka starts and ends with whey, the watery byproduct of the cheesemaking process. The whey is fermented with a unique yeast that can survive the lactic environment, then distilled through a custom-built Arnold Holstein copper pot and triple filtered.

The lack of water in the distillation process gives the vodka a naturally low mineral content. This produces a softer more refined spirit with a unique creamy character, says Archard, a contrast to the flintier flavor profiles of many vodkas that use mineral-rich hard spring water.

Archard says the vodka can support the most delicate flavors, making simple, low- or no-sugar cocktails taste brighter and more vivid. A favorite at the Dorset distillery is its simple version of an espresso martini: a shot of Lavazza espresso, double Black Cow, and maple syrup to sweeten to taste, shaken hard and served in a martini glass.

Black Cow Vodka launched in 2012 in England and touched down in the states in California in 2016 via Wine Warehouse. It has plans for additional distribution in New York, Washington and Chicago this fall. Los Angeles bartenders such as Kim Stodel at Providence, known for his sustainable, zero-waste bar program, and chef Neal Fraser and bar director Tobin Shea at Redbird LA are already picking up on it.

Not only is Black Cow Vodka challenging the common conception of vodka-making, its taken an underutilized byproduct (whey) and upcycled it into a premium spirit, making it a vodka that you can also venture to call sustainable.

16 best museums in los angeles to visit in 2021

16 best museums in los angeles to visit in 2021

Skim through the must-visitattractions in Los Angelesand youll notice a trend: Its a lot of outdoorsy fun. So committing to a day inside of a museum might pose a tough undertaking. In fact, choosinganything over a 75-and-sunny day at the beachis a hard askespecially if youre visiting from a country with a colder climate.

But heres the thing: No matter how good the weather, visiting L.A.s museums is essential.Among the citysbest things to do, Los Angeles museums rival those in Chicago, Washington D.C. and New Yorkwithout a doubt.And, lucky you, a whole bunch of them havestunning outdoor campuses, with hilltop views, sculpture gardens and sunny courtyards.

To get you started (or to continue your education) weve narrowed down L.A.s long roster of museums to the essentials. Locals, consider this your must-see list (and if youve already visited them all, check out these greatoff-the-beaten-path museums). No short-on-cash excuses either: Many of these are free museums and all of them offer free admission on select days.And sure,these spots might be spread out but thats nothing a Metro trip or ride service cant solve. Just plan your day trip wisely and youll be hopping about with ease.

Museums in L.A. County have beenallowed to reopensinceof March 15, 2021. However, some havent opened their doors again quite yetandwill require timed tickets when they do. Well continue to update our guide to L.A.s best museums as more announce their reopening plans.

Chris Burdens Urban Light, a piece made up of 202 cast-iron street lamps gathered from around L.A. and restored to working order, has quickly become one of the citys indelible landmarks. But youd be selling yourself short if you dont venture beyond the photo-friendly installation; LACMAs collections boast modernist masterpieces, large-scale contemporary works (including Richard Serras massive swirling sculptureand Burdens buzzing, hypnotic Metropolis II), traditional Japanese screens and by far L.A.s most consistently terrific special exhibitions.

Just a heads up: The eastern half of LACMAscampus (home to its permanent collection) is mostly closed as it gears up for a massiveredesign due to be completed in 2024, but youll still find about a half-dozen sizable special exhibitions located in theResnick Pavilion and BCAM.

Whats now called the Getty Villa(a coastal mansion filled with antiquities thats absolutely worth a visit, too) served as the decades-long home for the J. Paul Getty Trusts extensive art collection. But in 1997, the Getty Center opened. The end result is a remarkable complex of travertine and white metal-clad pavilions that houses ornate French furniture, recognizable Impressionist pieces and rotating exhibitions. Its relative inaccessibility is more than compensated for by free admission and panoramic views, from the hills and the ocean in the west all the way around to Downtown in the east.

The bequest of entrepreneur Henry E. Huntington is now one of the most enjoyable attractions in the Los Angeles region. Its also a destination thatdemands an entire day shouldyouattempt to explore it in full: Between the art, the library holdings and the spreadeagled outdoor spaces, theres plenty to see, and most of it is best enjoyed at lingering leisure rather than as part of a mad day-long dash. From a Gutenberg Bible to an exquisitely landscaped Japanese garden, nearly every inch of the estates grounds and collection is essential.

Three words: Infinity Mirror Rooms. Downtowns persistently popular contemporary art museum has two of Yayoi Kusamas immersive, mirror-laden rooms (and the standy queue to prove it). Elsewhere in the free museum, Eli and Edythe Broads collection of 2,000 post-war works includes artists like Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Ed Ruscha, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger and Jeff Koons.Outside, the museums plaza features a lovely olive tree grove that sits in from of Otium, the museums signature restaurant from French Laundry alum Timothy Hollingsworth. Find out more in our complete guide to the Broad.

The NHMs original Beaux Arts structure was the first museum building in L.A., opening in 1913 with Exposition Park itself. Themore recent Otis Booth Pavilion welcomes visitors into the museum with a six-story glass entrance featuring a stunning, 63-foot-long fin whale skeleton. Highlights include the gem and mineral hall, spectacularly presented dinosaur and mammal fossils,the 3.5-acre urban nature gardens and Becoming L.A., which examines the Los Angeles regions history from Native Americans to the present day

Industrialist Armand Hammer founded this museum in 1990, primarily to house his own collection, and it opened just three weeks before he died. Now, the free, UCLA partner institution stages fascinating shows of modern art, photography and design, often with an epmhasis on local artists. The shows are supplemented by the Hammers public events calendar (arguably one of the best in the city), chock full of free lectures, concerts and screenings.

Themain branch of L.A.s Museum of Contemporary Art housesthousands of artworks crafted from 1940 to today, and its an efficient primer onpost-war art. Spend half an hour or an entire afternoon absorbing contemporary pieces from lesser known artists, punctuated by sightings of Mark Rothko and Jackson Pollock works. Some of the museums most exciting exhibitions take place at the nearbyGeffen Contemporary;both locations notablyswitched to free admission in2020.

In 1974, oil magnate J. Paul Getty opened a museum of his holdings in a faux villa. Eventually the decorative arts and paintings were moved to the Getty Center,but the villa remains as the home of Gettys collection of Mediterranean antiquities. Today, there are roughly 1,200 artifacts on display at any one time, dated between 6,500 BC and 500 AD. Even if youre not interested in the art, the palatial courtyards and manicured gardens are worth the visit.

The vista from this hilltop landmark is stunning, particularly at night when Los Angeles twinkles below. Inside youll find a bevy of exhibits, including a Foucault pendulum (directly under Hugo Ballins famed mural on the central rotunda), Tesla coil and planetarium show. Give yourself plenty of time before the 10pm closing to gaze through the 12-inch refracting telescope on the roof, otherwise you can look through the far less crowded modern, reflecting telescope on the front lawn.

Permanent exhibit galleries at this kid-friendly Exposition Park museum explore life sciences, human innovation and powered flight (all with a decidedly 90s design flair). But the real attraction here is the Space Shuttle Endeavour, which was very pubicly paraded through L.A. to reach its temporary home at the Samuel Oschin Paviliona permanent structure slated to display the ship upright is in the works. While the rest of the museum is free, Endeavour requires $3 time tickets on weekends, a bargain to come face to face with one of this countrys most iconic engineering marvels.

Miracle Mile was the first commercial development in L.A. designed expressly for the benefit of drivers, and so a former department store makes an apt home for this museum of car culture. A 2015 redesign has since turned the automotive history museum into a high-tech gallery with about 150 cars on display. Theres a glimpse into the rise of car culture in Southern California, but that mostly takes a backseat to a focus on the progress, dominance and dazzling good looks of the automobile. Youll find a mix of famous Hollywood cars, sumptuously swooping vintage vehicles and high-performance supercars.

Located on land that once housed a productive silent film studio, everything about this museum is a forward-thinking enterprise, from its modern and contemporary-driven collection to its building. The core of the permanent collection is in the Long Gallery, with work by one artist from every Latin American country. Swing by on Sundays for free admission.

Back in 1875, a group of amateur paleontologists discovered animal remains in the pits at Rancho La Brea, which bubbled with asphalt from a petroleum lake under what is now Hancock Park. Some 140-plus years later, the pros are still at work here, having dragged millions of fossils from the mire in the intervening years. Many of these specimens are now on display in this delightfully old-fashioned museum. Outside, the pits still bubble with black gooyou can watch paleontologists at work in the excavation of Pit 91 and toil away at the fossils waiting to be found as part of Project 23.

The Norton Simons Frank Gehry-helmed makeover in the late 1990s raised the museums profile, but it also helped to expand the range of the museums collection, giving it more space and creating a calm, simple environment. The museum is still best known for its impressive collection of Old Masters, notably pieces by 17th-century Dutch painters such as Rembrandt, Brueghel and Frans Hals. The French impressionists are represented by, among others, Monet, Manet and Renoir. After youve checked out the temporary shows, head into the excellent sculpture garden.

This museum tells the story of Japanese immigration to the US, from early restrictions on property ownership to the brutal internment camps during World War II. Aside from the permanent exhibition, the museum stages an engaging roster of documentary and art exhibitions, including a wrenching yet beautiful display of images and artifacts from the aforementioned internment camps. Recent exhibitions have ranged from an awe-inspiring showcase of Japanese tattoo traditions to a Hello Kitty retrospective.

Though technically a gallery, Hauser & Wirthbasically feels like a museum. Much of that is owed to the international galleristsmassive footprint, a 116,000-square-foot former flower mill. Therestored complex houses up to three exhibitions at a time, with a mix of post-war contemporary icons and of-the-moment working artists.

boron, california operations | u.s. borax

boron, california operations | u.s. borax

U.S. Borax operates Californias largest open pit mine in Boron, Californiaone of the richest borate deposits on the planet. While boron is present everywhere in the environment, substantial deposits of borates are relatively rare. We supply nearly half the worlds demand for refined borates, minerals essential to life and modern living. Our operations are designed to create high-quality products to meet global needs for boron.

The mine measures 1.74 miles (2.8 km) wide, 1.99 miles (3.2 km) long, and is up to 755 feet (230 m) deep. More than 80 minerals are found at this geologically unique site, including the four boron-based minerals in greatest demand by industry: Tincal, kernite, ulexite, and colemanite.

Our processing plants produce products such as borax pentahydrate, borax decahydrate, and boric acid. Our fusing plants also produce anhydrous borate products. Each of our sites is ISO 14001 certified.

Mining and refining are age-old activities. Yet, U.S. Borax continually improves practices to raise productivity, ensure the safety of our team, andminimize our environmental impact. At each stage of the process, borate samples are tested at on-site laboratories, enabling instant analysis and adjustments.

Mining borates relies primarily on a combination of drilling, blasting, and shoveling to collect ore, which is then hauled to massive crushing machines. From there, it is transported to refinery centers.

Drilling is an important part of exploration, and it is the best way to sample the type and purity of ore beneath the ground. Information about the deposit's location and composition is fed into a computer to develop long-term mine plans. Drills are also used to dig blast holes.

Ore from the mine must be crushed before it can be refined. Powerful crusher machines reduce the ore to 1-inch (2.5 cm) pieces, increasing the ore's surface area to make the refining process more efficient.

We store refined borates in silos or the 18,000-ton (16329-metric ton) domes at Boron Operations. Total storage capacity at the site is more than 90,000 tons (81,647 metric tons). Learn more about our testing methods.

U.S. Borax, part of Rio Tinto, is a global leader in the supply and science of boratesnaturally-occurring minerals containing boron and other elements. We are 1,000 people serving 500 customers with more than 1,700 delivery locations globally. We supply 30% of the worlds need for refined borates from our world-class mine in Boron, California, about 100 miles northeast of Los Angeles. Learn more about Rio Tinto.

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