kapp niles | gear technology & gear grinding kapp niles

kapp niles | gear technology & gear grinding kapp niles

KAPP NILES is a globally operating group of companies with high-quality and economical solutions for finishing gears and profiles and is partner for companies from numerous industrial sectors in the segments mobility, automation and energy. The perfect interaction between machines, tools, and technologies enables extremely precise machining to a thousandth millimetre.

the history of aviation - aerospace manufacturing and design

the history of aviation - aerospace manufacturing and design

While many feel the history of aviation begins with Orville and Wilbur Wright, the truth is the history of aviation extends more than 2,200 years, starting with the first manmade kite. These kites, like UAVs (unmanned air vehicles) of today, found use by the military to help create attack plans against their enemies. At the turn of the second century, the military found use in the implementation of hot air balloons. Interestingly, when a lit oil lamp located within the balloon flew overhead, the enemy did not know what to make of it, frightening them.

While there were many attempts at flight between the turn of the second century and the first flight of Flyer 1, the majority of flights were unmanned, employing gases that were lighter than air. A perfect example occurred on December 1, 1884, when Jacques Charles and Nicolas-Louis Robert from Paris, France, flew their hydrogen balloon to an altitude of 1,800 ft, covering a distance of more than 22 miles.

The Early Years Orville (18711948) and Wilbur (18671912) Wright are widely known as the pioneers of aviation. The brothers spent more than two years testing the aerodynamics of gliders, leading to the direct creation of Flyer 1. During the design and build stage of Flyer 1, the selection of material was critical. With limited choices, the Wright Brothers decided on wood, from a giant spruce, as the material for the main structure. Next, was the need for a form of energy. Since the Wright Brothers could not find a suitable automobile engine for use, they asked their employee, Charlie Taylor, to design and build a new engine from scratch. Taylor designed a 12hp, horizontal four-cylinder engine. Primarily made from aluminum, the engine included a sprocket-and-chain transmission system to operate two pusher propellers.

When Flyer 1 made its debut, the wingspan was an impressive 12.3m (40ft, 4"). The length of the plane measured 6.4m (21ft, 1") and its height measured 2.8m (9ft, 4"). While the empty weight of Flyer 1 amounted to 274kg (605 lb), the gross weight totaled 341kg (750 lb).

The Wright Brothers also built a movable track for Flyer 1 in order to gain enough airspeed to help the launch. After two attempts, Orville took Flyer 1 for a 12-second, sustained flight on December 17, 1903 near Kill Devil Hills, NC. This was the first successful, powered, piloted flight in history.

U.S. Military By late 1907, the U.S. Army showed renewed interest in the Wright Brothers. Rather than directly offering them a contract, the Board of Ordnance and Fortification and the U.S. Army Signal Corps announced a call-for-bids to construct an airplane. However, the design and performance specifications were such that the Wrights were the only viable bidder.

On March 31, 1911, Congress first appropriated $125,000 for military aviation. The U.S. Army Signal Corps immediately ordered five new airplanes. Two of these a Curtiss Type IV Model D Military and a Wright Model B arrived at Fort Sam Houston on April 27, 1911.

At the beginning of World War I, the United States did not produce any aircraft of its own design. Most wartime production revolved around the building of training aircraft. However, it is interesting to note that during peak production in 1918, the U.S. aircraft industry employed more than 200,000 people.

Today, there are nearly 60 different types of aircraft flown by the U.S. Air Force, 25 by the U.S. Army, 18 by the U.S. Marine Corp., and more than 40 by the U.S. Navy 11 of which are UAVs. Presently, plans for the F-35 to replace some engineering marvels such as the F-16, A-10, F/A-18, and AV-8B. However, to keep development, production, and operating costs down, a common design in three variants share 80% of the components. The United States intends to buy 2,443 aircraft to provide the bulk of its tactical airpower for the armed forces during the coming decades. The United Kingdom, Australia, Italy, Canada, The Netherlands, Norway, Denmark, Turkey, Israel, and Japan are part of the development program and intend to equip their air services with the F-35.

In 2001, Lockheed Martin projected a potential market of 5,179 aircraft, including exports beyond the partnering countries. Today, the projection appears to be closer to 3,500. As recent as May 2012, the projected cost of an F-35 is $161 million.

"For some time, I have been afflicted with the belief that flight is possible to man. My disease has increased in severity and I fear that it will soon cost me an increased amount of money, if not my life."

Almost immediately, these two young printers, bicycle mechanics, and yes, brilliant self-taught engineers, were on the road to answering that question for humanity, once in for all. What other young scientists saw as a single problem to unlock the secrets of manned powered flight, however, was in Wright thinking more of a series of problems, requiring dedicated research to find many isolated and related solutions. For instance, Uncle Orville and Uncle Wilbur understood early on that a flying machine required control on three axis of balance in the air.

And, while the Wright Brothers' product was heavier than air, man carrying, controllable flying machine, their most important gift to the world may have been the carefully calculated processes they used to build the foundation of early aeronautical principles. As to the Wright Brothers' affliction, their disease, fortunately, it infected all of us and changed our global perspective of what was humanly possible for... forever.

Commercial Aviation The first scheduled U.S. commercial airline flight was January 1, 1914 for the St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line. The 23-minute flight traveled between St. Petersburg, FL, and Tampa, FL, passing some 50ft above Tampa Bay. As the only airline to fly international prior to 1940, Pan American World Airways Inc.s (Pan Am) first flight took off on October 19, 1927, from Key West, FL, to Havana, Cuba, in a hired Fairchild FC-2 floatplane. The return flight from Havana to Key West was in a Pan Am Fokker F.VII, on October 29, 1927.

Then Airbus began producing Europe's most commercially successful line of airliners. In addition to efficiencies in passenger capacity, payload, and range, Airbus developed modern electronic cockpits, enabling pilots to fly multiple models with minimal cross training.

The A380's upper deck extends along the entire length of the fuselage, with a width equivalent to a wide-body aircraft. This allows an A380-800 cabin to have 5,145.1ft of floor space; 49% more floor space than the next largest airliner. It provides seating for 525 people in a typical three-class configuration, or up to 853 people in all-economy class configuration. The A380-800 has a design range of 9,600 miles, sufficient to fly from New York to Hong Kong, at a cruising speed of Mach 0.85 (560mph at cruising altitude).

The Wright Brothers initial use of wood directly related to its high strength to weight ratio. In order to improve the strength to weight ratio, the industry looked towards metal in 1915. Using a tubular structure with corrugated sheet iron, the Hugo Junker was the first metal aircraft built with fixed properties.

Although there was use of aluminum during construction of Flyer 1s engine, aluminum grew to become a primary property of aircraft in the 1930s due to its costs and properties. As the thought of an all stainless steel plane was discussed in the 1930s, due to its excellent corrosion qualities, aluminum remained the choice because of its 66% weight savings compared to stainless steel, and the fact that stainless steel was susceptible to buckling.

In the early 1940s, Owens-Corning started manufacturing fiberglass for use in aircraft. Manufacturers would build the nose of the aircraft from fiberglass to house radar systems, allowing radio frequency transmission.

While titanium was a major improvement, the use of composites in aerospace started to gain acceptance in the late 1960s. Carbon fiber composites were first to gain acceptance, providing a tensile strength five times greater than steel. Shortly after, boron fiber composites came on the scene providing higher strength than carbon fiber composites. Production of the first aircraft with boron composites was the F-14 fighter jet.

The Future of Aerospace In 2011, there were slightly more than 800 million commercial passengers. Expectations are for that number to grow to approximately 1.3 billion during the next 20 years. With this dramatic increase in air travel, Boeing officials project a worldwide market for nearly 34,000 new aircraft during the next 20 years, translating into a $4.5 trillion market through the year 2032.

In order to meet demands, officials from Airbus recently announced plans to open its first U.S.-based production facility in Mobile, AL, where they will produce aircraft for the A320 family. Expectations are for assembly to begin in 2015, with production reaching 40 to 50 aircraft by 2018.

During Farnborough 2012, Bombardier Inc., Boeing Co., and Airbus, a unit of European Aeronautic Defense & Space Co., secured more than $14 billion in new orders. While this is great news for the manufacturing industry, it is also a boost for the aerospace industry with projections for an additional 460,000 commercial pilots and 601,000 new commercial airline maintenance technicians.

While the commercial sector expects to lead the manufacturing sector during the next 20 years, UAVs appear to be one of the prime areas of growth for defense and aerospace companies. A Teal Group 2012 market study estimates that UAV spending will nearly double during the next 10 years, growing from current worldwide UAV expenditures of $6.6 billion annually to $11.4 billion, totaling more than $89 billion during the next 10 years. With worldwide militaries planning more than $1.5 trillion on the F-35 program during the next 20 years, and a proposed budget of $17.7 billion dollars a year through 2017 for NASA, it is quite evident that whether you are an OEM, or a Tier 3 supplier, the future of aviation is looking strong!

A Positive Future Aviation has transitioned from a business of technologists and engineers to a business run by accountants. We no longer live in an age of remarkable aeronautical achievements. Dreams of supersonic flight have given way to multiple iterations of subsonic jetliners first designed in the 1960s, enabled by impressive but long-awaited new subsystems. The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, a plane meant to be all roles for all customers, is replacing the remarkable F-22, the culmination of decades of jet fighter designs.

Still, this industry is one of the healthiest parts of the world economy. After a brief hiatus in 2010, aircraft deliveries in 2011 and 2012 resumed their decade-long growth trend. While the outlook for defense in home markets is shrinking or plateauing, export markets remain strong.

For the future, it is a safe bet that economics will continue to drive the industry, rather than technology and performance. On the one hand, the glories of supersonic travel are behind us. On the other hand, building 800 efficient single aisle jetliners each year is much more lucrative for everyone than building a total of 16 Concords at government expense.

For applications that require high tolerance and precision surface finish, the Abrasive Machining / Sawing / Finishing pavilion has the technology you need. These technologies are particularly important to the aerospace industry, which requires a high degree of accuracy and precision. See the latest in all varieties of grinding technology, as well as sawing and cutoff machines and a variety of finishing technologies.

Diamond/CBN Wheel Truing and Dressing Design of the FC-250W diamond and CBN wheel truing and dressing is for truing and dressing of flats, angles, and radii on diamond and CBN single wheels and multiple wheel packs. The heavy-duty one-piece cast iron base provides extra rigidity and minimizes vibration. Standard features include ExVision, a computer-driven vision system with a software program specifically designed for the FC-250W, an automatic power zoom, and a 2-axis DRO for measurement.

Tube Hones, Honing Oil The HTG-10000 is capable of handling standard part lengths up to 30ft and weights up to 17,600 lb. Its ID range is 2" to 24", with an OD capacity of 26" and up to 48" as an option. A proportional load control hydraulic system enables maximum utilization of hydraulic power. In addition, the SHO-500 vegetable-based honing oil will be on exhibit, which isi formulated without additives such as sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine.

Combination Abrasive Nylon Disc Brushes Brush Research Manufacturing abrasive disc brushes contain a combination of ceramic and silicon carbide filament, producing maximum burr removal rates while providing an ideal surface finish at the same time. Manufactured using a fiber reinforced thermoplastic base, the discs deliver less vibration and greater process repeatability. The professional grade toolholder provides the added advantage of lubrication from the inside of the brush that greatly improves tool life and cutting action. The brushes are available in two different styles: Dot Style for general purpose deburring and surface finish applications and the Turbine Style brush for medium and heavy deburring applications. The brushes are available in two different trim lengths for the right combination of flexibility and aggressiveness and three different diameters to cover a broad range of finishing applications.

Vibration Analyzer App The VibePro is a vibration analyzer app that collects and analyzes vibration signals to an iPad. The iPad using the VibePro application, allowing the user to take readings and leverage the powerful platform of the iPad. The VibeTrend is a simple to use app that stores and graphs overall RMS vibration amplitude levels for condition based maintenance. Users can view vibration amplitude levels in both acceleration (g) and velocity (in/sec) through a free DropBox account.

Face Milling The high-velocity, indexable face milling cutters is designed for use with PCD and PCBN inserts to help manufacturers increase performance in production milling applications such as automotive and aerospace components. The face mill body design incorporates a positive lock with limited adjustment, enabling accurate alignment of diamond or PCBN-tipped inserts quickly. Design of the cutters are for use with both roughing and finishing inserts, simplifying inventories and set up procedures. They are available in sizes from 50mm with two cutting edges, up to 305mm with 26 cutting edges.

Tool Grinder The MX5 CNC tool and cutter grinder provides rigidity, stability, and accuracy. The design of the MX5 has the volume producer in mind, with the flexibility to manufacture mixed batches. Support of the grinding wheel and spindle comes from the bi-symmetrical gantry.

Metalworking Fluids The design of Cimtech 610 metalworking fluid is for milling and drilling aerospace aluminum alloy material. Featuring a hybrid blend of patented and synthetic lubricants, Cimtech 610 provides excellent performance on difficult-to-machine ferrous and non-ferrous alloys without corrosion or stain. Its formulation is for use on hard, brittle material such as Inconel, titanium, stainless steel, aerospace alloys, and hardened steel. The fluid also offers good performance without chlorine, sulfur, or phosphorus EP lubricants. Formulated with a near neutral pH, it offers excellent corrosion control on ferrous metals and is non-staining to aluminum and other exotic alloys. It provides exceptional lubricity and extreme pressure (EP) performance, is non-staining on most yellow metals and aluminum, is clean, and washes off parts easily.

High-Speed Dual Robotic Finishing Cell The Series RF 10/4G dual robotic finishing cell includes two Fanuc M10iC 10kg compact robots, four finishing heads with programmable speed and compliance, one four-pallet turn table loading system with light curtain, and one-part re-grip station. In addition it has two finished parts exit conveyors, one integrated dust collection system, Acme polisher friendly finishing software and controls, through-arm pneumatic tooling, and full enclosure with lighting and fork truck slots. Applications include polishing, grinding, deburring, and buffing parts up to 5 lb.

Modular CNC Grinding Centers Micron modular CNC grinding centers feature a compact, ridged design for creep feed-, profile-, and HEDG-grinding applications. They are suitable for applications where there is a need for accurate profiles or slots and close finish requirements such as aircraft engine stationery turbine vanes. The grinding centers use a moving wheel head concept where performance of all linear movements, positioning, and grinding operations are by the grinding head. In addition, a Siemens 840 D CNC control offers up to 5-axis interpolation.

Centerless Grinding machine The 255 CL centerless cylindrical grinding machine is designed for high-precision grinding of components made of tungsten carbide, HSS, ceramics, glass, and all kinds of steel parts with diameters between 0.5mm to 30mm and plunge lengths of up to 125mm. The grinding and control spindles form equivalent NC axes that are freely programmable. The CNC control system is based on the Siemens 840 D controller that, when combined with the Safety-Integrated safety concept, creates a CE-compliant total system.

In addition, Agathon will feature the DOM Semi, a precise 4-axis grinding center for the periphery grinding of ISO standard indexable inserts and K-Lands on one side for various materials such as tungsten carbide, ceramics, CBN, and more.

Range of Surface Treatment Solutions Osborn, emphasizes the companys 125 years of manufacturing more than 3,000 precision-crafted surface treatment and finishing tools which include brushes, buffs, compounds, metal finishing, honing, and surface polishing devices.

The world of custom automation and the latest software is on display in the Controls & CAD / CAM pavilion, featuring everything you need to extract the maximum efficiency from your machine tool optimizing your plant operations and cost efficiency.

Milling Options in FeatureCAM The 2013 release of FeatureCAM feature-based CAM software will be demonstrated during IMTS, offering a new series of options for 3-axis milling and enhancements in 5-axis machining, plus improvements in the turning and mill-turn modules.

The main change to the 2013 FeatureCAM product family is the introduction of three levels of 3D machining functionality. FeatureMILL 3D Lite offers single-surface machining with a basic range of strategies, providing an introductory product for companies moving into 3D machining for the first time.

FeatureMILL 3D MX provides a greater number of strategies, including spiral finishing, flowline finishing, and rotary machining, support for multiple-surface machining and automated feature recognition.

CAD/CAM Software Type3 artistic CAD/CAM software can import more than 40 different file types, driving more than 400 CNC machines, including mills, routers, lasers, and waterjets. The software provides the flexibility to take files directly from the customer, set up the jobs, and then output them to any G-Code based machines

Next Generation MTM Capabilities Always focusing on helping customers program parts quickly, accurately, and efficiently, the next generation of GibbsCAMs MTM solution helps customers utilize the full capabilities of complex MTM machines, including 5-axis rotary head and Swiss-style machines. MTM machines pose special challenges to users, including programming machines with multiple spindles and turrets, and cutting multiple parts simultaneously. GibbsCAMs signature easy-to-learn and use interface walks customers through such complex part programming.

Also highlighted at IMTS will be GibbsCAMs newest improvements in Automated Programming, including the introduction of smart features that help users program parts faster by retaining data about the feature itself, including depths, clearances, and feature types.

Advancements in Version X6 Mastercam X6 includes Mastercam Blade Expert, Mastercam Swiss Expert, new stock models, and so much more. A machining stock model views and verifies work as it progresses, and performs stock model comparisons. Blade Expert simplifies toolpath creation for any multi-bladed parts, including fans, propellers, impellers, and turbines. It includes multi-axis roughing strategies while an automatic tool axis control ensures smooth machine motion. Design of Swiss Expert is to control Swiss-style NC machines. The 3D high-speed toolpath performs rest-milling operations to remove remaining material with optimized roughing motion. Finally, 3D high-speed Hybrid toolpaths maintain Z-level cuts in the steep areas of parts while filling in the shallow areas with scallop motion within a single Z section.

Version 2013 Software The design of Version 2013 Software is for programming CNC mills, lathes, wireEDM, mill-turn centers, and Swiss-type lathes. The software has post-processors and machine simulation files for many machines. Version 2013s Advanced Surface Machining (ASM) module replaces the Surface Machining Wizard (SMW) module for 3-, 4-, and 5-axis machining. For existing PartMaker users, the upgrade to ASM will be free of cost. ASM provides fast toolpath calculation, greater tool control, and improved surface finishes. The ASM module features high-end milling strategies that can be applied across the entire suite of PartMaker CAM applications. PartMaker 2013 also features Delcams Vortex High-Speed Machining Strategies, enabling users to gain the maximum benefit from solid carbide tooling.

Beta Complete, Available for Use The beta version of Surfcams flagship CAM software, SURFCAM 6, has been completed and is being made available to SURFCAM Beta users, testers, and resellers worldwide. Some of the new features and enhancements available in SURFCAM 6 are:

Reducing Tool, Machine Wear The V25 CAD/CAM software offers 3-axis toolpaths, such as adaptive roughing, which produces a trochoidal-style cutting strategy to reduce tool and machine wear As traditional roughing toolpath puts heavy loads on the cutter in corners, this toolpath eliminates sharp turns that wear on the tool, and replacing them with smooth spiraling motions. Another feature is the multiple machine setup capability, allowing users to pick a face of the part to set up the next program on the same part.

Green CNC Technology The Sinumerik 828D BASIC T (turning) and BASIC M (milling) CNCs will be running on various machines during IMTS. Design of the Sinumerik 828D BASIC T is to address the needs of shopfloor turning machines by combining CNC, PLC, operator panel and axis control for five axes/spindles, including live tooling. Milling and drilling operations, for both face and peripheral surfacing, are possible. When used with the Sinamics S120 Combi drives package, the 828D BASIC T offer virtually maintenance-free operation, as the fans, hard disks and batteries of past CNC machines are eliminated. The Sinumerik 828D BASIC M class offers mirror-smooth surfacing while reducing machining times.

Matrix Control Software CamLink software supports Mazatrol Matrix control in its GB\DataTransfer, GB\DataPrint, GB\DataEntry, GB\GeoEntry, GB\GeoSolid, and GB\DataTranslate software programs. GB\DataEntry allows Matrix users to program the Mazatrol control at the PC. Functions include pocket milling with multiple islands and B-axis indexing for lathes. In addition, users can check their programs for accuracy and note potential errors before parts manufacture. Tool Path for Matrix Mill allows users to view part shape and cutting path before sending the program to the control. The Tool Path is viewable in wire frame or 3D solid mode. The ShapeCheck graphics check feature shows the part shape in a 3D surface model or wire frame, allowing rotation of the part shape, and sets transparency level.

Simulation, Verification, Optimization Software Vericut 7.2 is a CNC machine simulation, verification, and optimization software enabling users to eliminate the process of manually proving-out NC programs. It reduces scrap and rework. The software simulates all types of CNC machine tools including Mori Seiki, Mazak, Makino, Matsuura, Hermle, DMG, DIXI, and Chiron. Vericut runs stand-alone, but can integrate with CAM systems such as Catia, NX, Creo Parametric (Pro/E), Mastercam, EdgeCAM, hyperMILL, Esprit, and GibbsCAM.

Shop Monitoring Station Powered by Android technology, the RTStation is an embedded shopfloor device that displays machine-monitoring details such as part counts, cycle speeds, and other machine processes in real time. Designed for easy data input, RTStation provides machine downtime information, prints work orders, logs rejects for production reporting, allows for operator clocking in/out, and displays job set-up information. Connection can be to a variety of Ethernet-, USB- or RS232-supported hardware and peripherals.

CNC Wire EDMs The EZ-53SA 3-axis CNC wire model has an X, Y, and Z work envelope measuring 19.7" x 11.8" x 7.1", featuring an automatic wire threader and a Windows-based CE control. An optional 4-axis indexing capability will be on display. The SP-300iA 5-axis CNC wire EDM features the MST-II micro-sparking technology function that provides exceptional part finishes.

Wire EDMs Five wire EDM models will be on display at IMTS, including the AP250L, VZ300L, AG400L, AG600LH, and the AQ750LH. Three sinker EDM models will also be on display, including the AD25L, AG60L, and AG80L, as well as two high-speed vertical mills, the HS650L and TT1-400A. The AP250L is a fine wire EDM that creates small intricate precision parts requiring a micro-wire diameter. The AG400L is suitable for small- to medium-sized parts and molds that require close tolerances and fine surface finishes.

Wire, Die-Sinking EDM The CUT 2000 AWC with automatic wire changer allows op erators to switch between different wire diameter sizes and types, optimizing both roughing and finishing operations. The CUT 2000 AWC uses a universal wire guide system, enabling it to accommodate wires from 0.010" down to 0.002" for micro-machining and precision applications.

Also on display will be the DRILL 300 machines holes in various diameters and workpiece materials, employing electrodes ranging from 0.012" to 0.12" in diameter. It is capable of machining tough materials, including Inconel, titanium, steel, and carbide. The machine has a Z-axis travel of 17.72" and a 45 tilting head to drill angled holes.

Bonded Graphite The Elec2rode bonded graphite product minimizes material use and eliminates milling of blanks for workholding. An economical grade of graphite used for the electrode holding area (the backer) is bonded with a higher density material, which contacts the workpiece (the electrode) during the EDM process. The strong bond is achieved using a high-temperature adhesive process which is suitable for copper impregnated graphite materials. They are efficient for use with existing graphite holders, or the companys line of graphite holding products.

If you are looking for gear manufacturing equipment such as gear cutting, forming and finishing, as well as broaching, shaping and slotting machines, you must visit the Gear Generation pavilion. In addition to traditional applications, gears are finding even greater importance in a large range of markets.

Hobbing Large Diameter Gears The H 400 is capable of running small lots or mass producing straight and helical gears; crowned and tapered gears; worm gears; chain sprockets and toothed belt discs; cluster gears; and special profiles. The H 400 can use standard hob or form milling technology, ranging from dry or wet machining, with high capacity HSS or carbide tools to skive hobbing of heat-treated gears.

Turning Alternatives Precision electro-chemical machining technology (PECM) presents a production process that opens up completely new fields of application. PECM is a process for the machining of high-alloyed materials, such as nickel- and titanium-based alloys. All electro-chemical machining processes are characterized by stress-free material removal, smooth transition points, and surfaces without ridge formations.

TableTop Tool Sharpening Machines The TT6-36 tabletop and TT-SP6-24 tabletop special broaching machines are available in a 38" x 44" footprint. Featuring a 20" x 20" tabletop size, both machines move at a 5fpm to 30fpm. Both the TT6-36 and TT-SP6-24 are capable of broaching keyways, internal splines, and various other part forms. The CNC Automatic Broach Tool Sharpening Machine can sharpen helical or standard gullet, flat, or specially shaped broach tools up to 12" in diameter and 120" long.

Sawing, Machining Center The ACS + CFMcurve integrated sawing and machining center, features a proprietary sawing algorithm with a servo motor-controlled feed to continuously adjust critical sawing parameters during each cut. The CFMcurve machining center simultaneously machines each workpiece end using 12 independent servo-controlled axes. Machining options include: threading, boring, profile turning, grooving, radius edges, and angled chamfering. Bundles of mill length stock, up to 16.5m long, are placed in an automatic loader, individually separated, and fed to the sawing process.

Gear Hobbing Machines Genesis models 210H hobbers accommodate gears up to 210mm in diameter, including those with shaft lengths up to 350mm. Features include: Siemens 840D controls, integrated chamfering and deburring, and a high-speed loading system to reduce load/unload cycles. Various cutting tools, including high-speed steel and carbide hobs, as well as a tool sharpening service are available.

Indexing Table with Direct-Drive Work Spindle The KX 500 FLEX incorporates a direct-drive work spindle, tailstock support, and dressing spindles. The ZX 1000, the big brother of the KX 500 FLEX, shares common machine elements and software with the KX 500. The large ductile iron bed and torque motor for high-load capacity allows high-speed grinding of frac bull gears with a dressable worm tool.

Profile Grinding Design of the Liebherr LFG series profile grinding machines are for profile grinding of external and internal gears. The series includes three models for workpiece diameters from 800mm to 1,250mm. The LFG 1000 is for workpieces up to 1,000mm diameter will be shown at IMTS. The direct-drive table with swivel axis allows high-production grinding of topologically-correct, or topologically-modified tooth profiles, single- or double-flanked. In the standard LFG model, dressing of the grinding disc is accomplished by a single dresser combined with the shift and swivel axis.

buy used planing machines at a good price at auction | online auction

buy used planing machines at a good price at auction | online auction

Many machines are used in the window-making technology, such as planing and tenon machines, moulders and window manufacturing machines. The last ones are actually entire production lines that consist of many interlinked single machines. Big multilateral planing machines and moulders with CNC controlled axes can be part of such production lines. Significantly smaller machines such as hand planes, surface planers and thicknessers, as well as tenon machines, dominate in the handicraft production. At Surplex you will find used machines of all sizes for dressing, joining, planing and profiling, including surface planers and thicknessers from SCM or WEINIG, as well as other planing machines - also modern models!

Planing is a process whereby the outer layers of a solid material are gradually worn down or chipped away to create a new surface or a workpiece with the highest level of precision and dimensional accuracy. Planers enable tolerances that are exact down to a tenth of a millimetre. Only core wood materials can be planed. Boards, beams and solid wood, at best still glued wood constructions, can be machined with a planing machine.

Chipboard and similar materials, however, are unsuitable for planer machines, but seeing as these materials are generally produced to the size required from the outset, this is hardly an inconvenience.

The most common types of hand-held planers to be found feature a rigid blade. Electric wood planers, on the other hand, operate using a rotating planing roller that is fitted with at least two blades and can rapidly plane off excess surface material until the workpiece has attained the desired shape.

Planing achieves three things: first, it takes off the outer layers of a roughly-sawn workpiece down to the nearest tenth of a millimetre. Second, it straightens out the surface and balances out minor radii and arcs. And finally, planing creates a smooth surface entirely free of splinters and chips. This means the workpiece is thoroughly prepared for further processes, such as coating or veneering.

Window-making poses many challenges to any woodworker. Nowadays, windows must meet a range of strict requirements concerning precision and heat insulation. Wood is ideal in window-making since it features outstanding static properties and provides acceptable levels of heat insulation. However, wooden windows, of course, feature a number of other materials, not least the glass, rubber seals, metal fittings and lock mechanisms (as well as the frame that holds them all together). It must be ensured that the frame does not experience any major shape distortion after assembly otherwise the window will immediately lose a great deal of its functionality: it will no longer close properly, will let in cold air, or will always be getting stuck.

The wood chosen should thus be suitable and capable of being machined very precisely. The woodworking industry has developed a range window-making machines which are, to some extent, related to wood planer machines, but are based on different design principles.

These surafce planers are stationary machines with a wide planing table. They are designed with simplicity in mind: they primarily comprise a steel table in the middle of which is a rotating planing roller arranged cross-wise. The workpiece is pushed across the table while the rolling planer does its job by removing a consistent layer of wood from the surface.

The blade roller in a surfacing planer can be adjusted as needed, which means that it can be moved down towards the work table to a defined height and then brought back. Creating a wooden workpiece with a specific thickness requires use of this setting.

Thicknessing machines are the next step in the development of surfacing planers. If the workpiece has already been sufficiently smoothed and parallelised on the surfacing planer, it can be machined to the tenth of a millimetre on the thicknesser.

Thicknessing planers feature a base frame which contains the work table and integrated thicknessing blade. The thicknessing machine enables adjustments to be made to the whole work table instead of just the rolling planer. The frame and planing table together are used to determine the thickness of the entire workpiece.

Combination planers, or combined surfacing/thicknessing planers, can work on all sides of a workpiece using parallelisation and smoothing techniques to remove outer layers until the workpiece has reached the desired thickness. Combination devices are very popular as they are space-saving and work very efficiently.

Chamfering is comparable to vertical planing. Instead of a horizontal planing roller, chamfering machines use a vertical cutting roller. However, it is not freely movable as in a table mill. The chamfering machine uses a continuous stop onto which the workpiece can be securely attached.

The best way of joining heavy wooden beams is to use a mortise and tenon joint. These are precisely manufactured joints used in pre-prepared blind- and through holes. The machines used to create tenon joints are called tenoners and they primarily consist of a chamfering planer and a small circular saw. The cross-sections of tenon joints are relatively small, which means that tenoners are equally compact devices.

A window-making machine is a special form of chamfering machine and planer which works on profiled wood. It smooths, polishes, cuts, mills and places grooves in this wood and then mitre cuts it to the desired length. Window-making machines require a range of processing stations to achieve these tasks, but once equipped, slats of wood can be machined on all sides in just one work cycle.

The machines are intended for large series and can thus maintain consistent precision across many workpieces. Once processed on a window-making machine, the window is mounted to the bracket device and firmly attached together in the frame press.

There is hardly a more robust and rigid machine in the field of woodworking than the wood planer. Its simple design and heavy-duty construction means that even very old machines of this type can still be put to good use.

The major weak-point is the motor, which requires occasional overhauling and parts replacement. Height guidance can also wear out over time, as can the planing roller bearings, but replacements are usually easy to source. Apart from these aspects, second-hand planing machines are a safe bet, especially if the buyer is prepared to disassemble, clean and overhaul them.

Finding suitable planers for sale from the second-hand market is thus an easy task for carpenters, joineries and interior furnishers/decorators. Those looking for a planer for sale will find a wide selection of technically simple machines that are affordable even those bearing badges from major brands.

Of course, when it comes to the more complex variants, such as electric planers for sale, maintenance work becomes more demanding: a window-making machine capable of multi-side machining in a single work cycle will require more maintenance than a hand-held planer. Nevertheless, used window machines from brand-name manufacturers have traditionally been made to exacting standards and the high quality of these machines is still apparent many years down the line.

Planing machines as well as window construction technology from these manufacturers can always be recommended in the used state. The machines convince by high-quality materials and components which allow a long running time. In addition, most of them also come with an extensive after-sale service, so there will always be available a contact with your used planer if the machine should fail or needs to be technically upgraded.

High-quality used planing & windowing machines from these and other manufacturers are often found in our numerous industrial auctions. However, the product offer is very dynamic, so it is worth looking also at our used machinery marketplace to avoid missing an interesting offer.

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italian grinding machines | robbi id grinders

italian grinding machines | robbi id grinders

Robbi standard adjustments meet ISO 2433 precision standards.The table movement linearity is guaranteed with a maximum deviation of 0.002 mm / mt.Surface finishing grade 0.2 Ra ** The grinding roundness obtainable is:for straightening 0.3 ** &for spindle grinding 0.4 ** |** for specimen piece during testing

We offertwo main configurations for the Robbi internal cylindrical grinders.You canpurchase a fixed wheel head or a mobile turret (up to four spindles). In addition, we also offer this internal grinder as a semi-automatic (PLC) or CNC configuration.

robbi grinding machines - rk international machine tools limited

robbi grinding machines - rk international machine tools limited

The company serves the aerospace, automotive, precision mechanics sectors and is the ideal partner in all sectors requiring a high precision grinding process. Robbi Group has focused the efforts on product quality and has:

Specification Boring diameters with standard spindles 31 320mm Maximum boring depth 800mm Maximum vertical head travel 1230mm Distance table to head 600 2000mm Maximum distance spindle centre to column guides 410mm Useful dimensions of table 1800 x 600mm Table traverse 1780mm Table cross traverse 130mm Surface milling width 420mm * Spindle speeds 0 []

ROBBI M T6 Series machines offer up to 6000mm grinding lengths with the option to go to 995mm centre height. The Semi-Automatic, easy to use, PLC Control delivers enhanced performance and accommodates up to 12 programmable diameters. Robbi has a range of cylindrical grinding machines which differ in size and productivity. The production of grinding pursues quality standards of the highest level. Robbi uses high-quality materials and components.

The ROBBI R T6 is the most compact, semi-automatic grinding machine from the Italian manufacturer. Available with a 600mm or 1000mm grinding length option, the easy to use, PLC control accommodates up to a2 different diameters in a single set-up. Excellent versatility and high-quality standard. Extremely fast and precise also when processing complex components. Easy preset of working diameter. Single or small batch production workpieces, with the ability to function in manual mode. Automatic compensation of diameter after dressing. In-process measuring gauge and gap control systems (on request)

The Robbi OMICRON PT6 semi automatic universal grinding machine delivers enhanced performance and accommodates upto 8 programmable diameters with an easy to use PLC. The semi automatic T6 version combines excellent versatility with high quality standards to allow processing of small batch production workpieces, and even one off workpieces in manual or semi automatic modes.

ROBBI semi automatic grinding machines are extremely fast and precise when processing complex components. Ideal machine for single or small batch production workpieces, with the ability to function in manual mode. Easy preset of working diameter. Automatic compensation of diameter after dressing

ROBBI IGR Internal Grinding machines. Excellent versatility and quality. Small batch production workpieces and even one off workpieces in manual or semi automatic modes. Workpiece presetting is done only once, on machine set-up.

ROBBI IGU High Precision CNC Internal Grinding Machine with upto 4 spindles Maximum rotating diameter 650mm Height of centres over table 325mm Maximum cantilever weight (150mm from spindle nose) 50Kg Maximum workpiece length 300mm Maximum internal grinding depth 200mm B Axis swivel range +30 deg / -20 deg B Axis repitition accuracy <1 []

Mechanical construction in line with European design and enormous versatility make these machines ideal for processing components with very tight tolerances. The machine bed in normalised cast iron and the grinding wheel spindle is mounted on solid bronze bushes to ensure that our machines offer sturdiness and stability.

RK International Machine Tools Ltd, registered in England. No 571795. Registered Office Unit 7, Europa Trading Estate, Erith, Kent, DA8 1PW. All Prices shown on this website are exclusive of VAT and delivery charges are extra. To the best of our knowledge the contents of this Website are correct, however illustrations, specifications and prices are not binding in detail. We are the UK leading supplier of new lathes, milling machines and all types of grinding machinery.

used studer s40 grinding machine for sale in italy | machinio

used studer s40 grinding machine for sale in italy | machinio

Distanza fra i centri: 1000 mm | Altezza centri: 175 mm | Diamentro max rettificabile: 290 mm | Peso max tra le punte: 800 Kg | Dimension mola: 500 mm | Dimensioni mola lato destro: 500 mm | Dimensione mola lato...

N02 CYLINDRICAL GRINDING MACHINES STUDER S40 & S31 (EXT./INT.) COMPONENT STUDER S40 GRANITAN S103 BENCH WITH 3-POINT SUPPORT LONGITUDINAL SLIDE WORKING. MAX 1050MM TRANSVERSAL SLIDE WORKING MAX 275MM DIAMOND GRI...

- USED - CNC EXTERNAL GRINDING MACHINE Centre height: 175 mm | Distance between centres: 1000 mm | X-axis travel: 275 mm | Z-axis travel: 1050 mm | Max admitted load: 130 Kg | Spindle: 30-750 rpm | Grinding wheel...

OUTDOOR GRINDING - EXTERNAL GRINDING MACHINE STUDER S40 CNC HEIGHT POINTS - CENTER HEIGHT 175 MM DISTANCE POINTS - CENTER DISTANCE 1000 MM LEFT WHEEL - LEFT WHEEL 500 MM 2 RIGHT WHEELS - 2 RIGHT WHEELS 400 MM CON...

OUTDOOR GRINDING - EXTERNAL GRINDING MACHINE STUDER S40 CNC HEIGHT POINTS - CENTER HEIGHT 225 MM DISTANCE POINTS - CENTER DISTANCE 1600 MM GRINDING DIAMETER - GRINDING DIAMETER 450 MM WITH 2 WHEELS - WITH 2 GRIND...

UNIVERSAL GRINDING - UNIVERSAL GRINDING MACHINE STUDER S 40-2 HEIGHT POINTS - CENTER HEIGHT 175 MM DISTANCE MAX DRILLS - MAX CENTER DISTANCE 1600 MM GRINDING DIAMETER - GRINDING DIAMETER 350 MM DIAMETER MOLA RIGH...

UNIVERSAL GRINDING - UNIVERSAL GRINDING MACHINE STUDER S 40 CNC HEIGHT POINTS - CENTER HEIGHT 225 MM DISTANCE POINTS - CENTER DISTANCE 1600 MM GRINDING DIAMETER - GRINDING DIAMETER 450 MM DIAMETER MOLA - GRINDING...

UNIVERSAL GRINDING - UNIVERSAL GRINDING MACHINE STUDER S 40-2 HEIGHT POINTS - CENTER HEIGHT 175 MM DISTANCE MAX DRILLS - MAX CENTER DISTANCE 1600 MM GRINDING DIAMETER - GRINDING DIAMETER 350 MM DIAMETER MOLA RIGH...

UNIVERSAL GRINDING - UNIVERSAL GRINDING MACHINE STUDER S 40 CNC HEIGHT POINTS - CENTER HEIGHT 175 MM DISTANCE MAX DRILLS - MAX CENTER DISTANCE1000 MM YEAR 2003 WITH N 2 ELECTROMANDRES FOR INTERIOR, N 01 EXTERNAL ...

UNIVERSAL GRINDING - UNIVERSAL GRINDING MACHINE STUDER S 40 CNC HEIGHT POINTS - CENTER HEIGHT 225 MM MAX POINT DISTANCE - MAX CENTER DISTANCE 1600 MM YEAR 2001 CNC FANUC 16 TB WITH N 2 EXTERNAL WHEELS, N 01 INTER...

cnc grinding machine in india | micromatic grindings solutions

cnc grinding machine in india | micromatic grindings solutions

We are working to increase our reach to customers on global basis (excluding India). To channelize sales and service of our Grinding machines, we would like to invite companies or entrepreneurs having experience in Machine tool sales and service. We are looking forward to have distributors who can represent our products in various geographies & countries.

Established in 1973, Micromatic Grinding Technologies Pvt Ltd (MGT) today manufactures a wide range of External, Internal, Universal and special purpose cylindrical grinders in CNC, PLC and Hydraulic versions to the exacting requirements of our customers from its 3 plants in Ghaziabad near New Delhi. Production CNC Centerless Grinders, Internal Grinders & Crankshaft Journal Grinders have also been added to expand the range of new machines being offered from the 4th plant at Bangalore started in 2008. Since 2005, MGT has emerged as the market leader with nearly 50% market share in India.

Four decades of building an organisation Culture of ethical & transparent working, combined with the pursuit of excellence, drives Team MGT towards its vision of Becoming the Best." We at MGT are constantly seeking new avenues to partner, acquire latest technology, skills and quality-centric processes to co-create value & your success. 4000 machines delivered worldwide with many repeat references from a Global customer list, stand today as a testimony to customers preference for Micromatic Grinding.

MGT is also part of the AceMicromatic Group, the largest machine tool manufacturing group of companies with jointly owned largest sales/service network, Micromatic Machine Tools Ltd.(MMT) in India. MMT has now operations in China & Germany.

cylindrical grinding machine - all industrial manufacturers - videos

cylindrical grinding machine - all industrial manufacturers - videos

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... An internal grinding device featuring a spindle socket of 80 mm (3 in) in diameter and with a drive rating of 1.1 kW (2 hp) is also available. GCU 350/GCH 440 cylindrical grinders for major grinding ...

Cylindrical grinding module for perfect surfaces of metal and stainless steel pipes and shafts. Details Automatic feed is individually adjustable. High process speed at highest surface quality. For grinding ...

... Tension) 2 hp, 2,850 RPM, Wet, 230 V (AC), 1 Phase, 50 Hz, 4,500 SFPM Mounts to Standard Lathes, for Applications from Grinding to Superfinishing. Each model includes 90 durometer, 65338 Contact Wheel (4" dia. x 2" ...

... Post Grinder 3 hp, 2,850 RPM, Wet, 230 V (AC), 1 Phase, 50 Hz, 4,500 SFPM Mounts to Standard Lathes, for Applications from Grinding to Superfinishing. Each model includes 90 durometer, 65338 Contact Wheel (4" dia. x ...

... Post Grinder 3 hp, 3,450 RPM, Wet, 240 V (AC), 1 Phase, 60 Hz, 7,200 SFPM Mounts to Standard Lathes, for Applications from Grinding to Superfinishing. Model features air-powered belt tensioning. Model features fixed ...

HIGH-PRECISION MACHINING OF PCD TOOLS The VOLLMER QM eco select was developed for the machining of tools, in particular those with PCD cutting edges, with the utmost precision and best possible surface ...

LT TITAN the NEW TECHNOLOGY from Garboli LT TITAN is the perfect mix between centerless and orbital grinding systems, to grant high volume production of polished tubes, bars and steel wire. This medley enabled us ...

The profile grinding machine KNG 3P ready offers an inexpensive entry into precision machining. It has been designed as a solution for flexible production of small and medium lot sizes. The machine ...

... system employing a jet mill and an air classifier has been developed for a laboratory applications. The system can be configured as the JMX50 jet mill alone (with the internal air classifier), the ACX50 air classifier ...

... and has fine axial and radial feeds for fine finishing. The machine is delivered ready for use, including a set of grinding cones for seat angles 30 / 40 / 60 / 75 / 90 degrees. The machines is ...

... 840D sl control system. - The work cycle can be optimised in-process with geometrical and working parameters. - The machine can be equipped with automatic measurement devices to process complex components. - ...

... 840D sl control system. - The work cycle can be optimised in-process with geometrical and working parameters. - The machine can be equipped with automatic measurement devices to process complex components. - ...

... Trumpf and thick turret punch tooling. The design of semi-automatic grinder combines the advantages of automatic and manual grinders. Advantages: Grinding can be carried out immediately by operator ...

Semi-automatic horizontal grinding machine Chuck 80 mm Programme management by computer numerical control For dies from 0.80 mm to 20 mm Easy to use Axis management by motor step by step ...

... throughput) permits multiple ID/OD grinding operations with different grinding wheels on the same work piece High precision X- and Z-axis Manual or numerical controlled B-axis for angular swivel of ...

... more accurately. Quick, accurate and repeatable measurement. Corrections in No Time Network with Gleason Blade Grinding Machines to perform closed loop corrections. Fast and Simple Operation Provides ...

... Okuma GP25W and GA25W are designed for stable, high-accuracy grinding of small parts used in automobiles, motorcycles, hydraulic equipment, home appliances, and more. These compact machines are especially ...

cylindrical grinding machine - cylindrical grinder wholesaler & wholesale dealers in india

cylindrical grinding machine - cylindrical grinder wholesaler & wholesale dealers in india

Peenya Industrial Area, Bengaluru C-319, Peenya 1st Stage TVS Cross, Peenya Industrial Area, Bangalore-560058 C-319, Peenya 1st stage, Peenya Industrial Area, Bengaluru - 560058, Dist. Bengaluru, Karnataka

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