what are the differences between ball mill and rod mill? | fote machinery

what are the differences between ball mill and rod mill? | fote machinery

Ball mill and rod mill are the common grinding equipment applied in the grinding process. They are similar in appearance and both of them are horizontal cylindrical structures. Their cylinders are equipped with grinding medium, feeder, gears, and transmission device.

The working principle of ball mill and rod mill machine is similar, too. That is, the cylinder drives the movement of the grinding medium (lifting the grinding medium to a certain height then dropping). Under the action of centrifugal force and friction, the material is impacted and ground to required size, so as to realize the operation of mineral grinding.

Grate discharge ball mill can discharge material through sieve plate, with the advantage of the low height of the discharge port which can make the material pass quickly so tha t to avoid over-grinding of material. Under the same condition, it has a higher capacity and can save more energy than other types of mills;

It is better to choose a grate discharge ball mill when the required discharge size is in the range of 0.2 to 0.3 mm. Grate discharge ball mill is usually applied in the first grinding system because it can discharge the qualified product immediately.

Overflow discharge ball mill can grind ores into the size under 0.2 mm, so it is very suitable for the second grinding system. The capacity of it is about 15% lower than grate discharge ball mill in the same specification, and the loaded grinding medium is also less than that one.

It can be divided into three types of rod mills according to the discharge methods, center and side discharge rod mill, end and side discharge rod mill and shaft neck overflow discharge rod mill.

It is fed through the shaft necks in the two ends of rod mill, and discharges ore pulp through the port in the center of the cylinder. Center and side discharge rod mill can grind ores coarsely because of its structure.

This kind of rod mill can be used for wet grinding and dry grinding. "A rod mill is recommended if we want to properly grind large grains, because the ball mill will not attack them as well as rod mills will."

It is fed through one end of the shaft neck, and with the help of several circular holes, the ore pulp is discharged to the next ring groove. The rod mill is mainly used for dry and wet grinding processes that require the production of medium-sized products.

The diameter of the shaft neck is larger than the diameter of the feeding port about 10 to 20 centimeters, so that the height difference can form a gradient for ore pulp flow. There is equipped with a spiral screen in the discharge shaft neck to remove the impurities.

It has high toughness, good manufacturability and low price. The surface layer of high manganese steel will harden rapidly under the action of great impact or contact. The harder index is five to seven times higher than other materials, and the wear resistance is greatly improved.

It has high toughness, good manufacturability and low price. The surface layer of high manganese steel will harden rapidly under the action of great impact or contact. The harder index is five to seven times higher than other materials, and the wear resistance is greatly improved.

It is made of several elements such as chromium and molybdenum, which has high hardness and good toughness. Under the same work condition, the service of this kind of ball is one time longer than the high manganese steel ball.

After the professional technology straightening and quenching processing process, a high carbon steel rod has high hardness, excellent performance, good wear resistance and outstanding quality.

The steel ball of ball mill and the mineral material are in point contact, so the finished product has a high degree of fineness, but it is also prone to over-grinding. Therefore, it is suitable for the production with high material fineness and is not suitable for the gravity beneficiation of metal ores.

The steel rod and the material are in line or surface contact, and most of the coarse particles are first crushed and then ground. Therefore, the finished product is uniform in quality, excellent in particle size, and high in qualification rate.

The cylinder shape of the rod mill and the ball mill is different: the cylinder of the rod mill is a long type, and the floor area is large. The ratio of the length to the diameter of the cylinder is generally 1.5 to 2.0;

The cylinder of the ball mill is a barrel or a cone. And the ratio of the length to the diameter of the cylinder is small, and in most cases the ratio is only slightly larger than 1, and the floor area is small, too.

The above is the main content of this article. The ball mill and the rod mill are the same type of machine on the appearance, but there are still great differences in the interior. It is very necessary to select a suitable machine for the production to optimize the product effect and maximize its efficiency.

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rod mills

rod mills

A rod mill uses steel rods as the grinding media in tumbling mills is an efficient means to feed ball mills a product finer than could be made in a crusher but coarser than could be made in a ball mill. The principal use for rod mills, which were invented to make ball mill feed in a wet-grinding rod mill-ball mill circuit.

Rod mills came into use in the United States beginning in 1900s and eventually became recognized as efficient fine crushers. The 1st ever built rod mill (2 m in diameter by 4 m long) was to be installed at a mine where a coarser feed was required for shaking tables. Crushing rolls and rod mills were eventually used commonly to prepare feed to shaking tables. Later, rod mills of 2.9 m in diameter by 3.9 m long replaced most roll crushers.

With the increase in the diameter of rod mills, problems occurred in the shorter rod mills with rods tangling. When the rods were short relative to the diameter, some were lifted toward a vertical position, and continued tumbling caused tangling. This led to the arbitrary rule that the length of rods should be at least 1.5 times the mill diameter inside new shell liners.

The crushing action of the rod mass in a rod mill has been described and is illustrated in diagrams taken from his work in Figure 1. The progressive sizing of material from the feed to the discharge end of the mill by the tapered slot openings between the rods, and the resulting effective internal classification has been widely observed and documented. Apparently, the rod mass acts as an effective screen, holding back coarse particles from progressing along the length of the mill until crushed fine enough to pass along the slots. As well, the coarser particles tend to take the brunt of the rod impacts, and hold the rods apart, preventing the finer particles from being overground. These basic mechanisms ore consistently observable in the size distributions of rod mill products despite a multitude of other complex interactions taking place in the elevated charge, in the slurry pool, and due to the nature of the ore, slurry rheology, and mill design and operating variables. The historical trend towards producing a coarser rod mill discharge (equivalent to a higher feed rate per unit of mill power draw or volume) parallels the recognition of its natural preference to perform work on coarse material.

Energy efficiency in grinding is directly related to circuit economic performance because of the close interdependence of energy and media consumption, and their combined dominance of total direct grinding costs. Energy usage itself is the prime criterion by which grinding circuit process performance can be technically evaluated using the Bond Operating Work Index. As well, a knowledge of the possible range and nature of individual equipment energy consumption is required to determine the scope of possible changes in the process performance characteristics of each comminution stage. The following discussion therefore focuses on the effects of design or operating variables on both power draw and power efficiency, as well as giving consideration to some practical constraints for operating ease and stability.

ball mill for sale | grinding machine - jxsc mining

ball mill for sale | grinding machine - jxsc mining

Ball mill is the key equipment for grinding materials. those grinding mills are widely used in the mining process, and it has a wide range of usage in grinding mineral or material into fine powder, such as gold, ironzinc ore, copper, etc.

JXSC Mining produce reliable effective ball mill for long life and minimum maintenance, incorporate many of the qualities which have made us being professional in the mineral processing industry since 1985. Various types of ball mill designs are available to suit different applications. These could include but not be restricted to coal mining grate discharge, dry type grinding, wet mineral grinding, high-temperature milling operations, stone & pebble milling.

A ball mill grinds ores to an end product size of thirty-five mesh or finer. The feeding material to a ball mill is treated by: Single or multistage crushing and screening Crushing, screening, and/or rod milling Primary crushing and autogenous/semi-autogenous grinding.

Normal feed sizes: eighty percent of six millimeters or finer for hard rocker eighty percent of twenty-five millimeters or finer for fragile rocks (Larger feed sizes can be tolerated depending on the requirements).

The ratio of machine length to the cylinder diameter of cylindrical type ball mills range from one to three through three to one. When the length to diameter ratio is two to one or even bigger, we should better choose the mill of a Tube Mill.

Grinding circuit design Grinding circuit design is available, we experienced engineers expect the chance to help you with ore material grinding mill plant of grinding circuit design, installation, operation, and optimization. The automatic operation has the advantage of saving energy consumption, grinding media, and reducing body liner wear while increasing grinding capacity. In addition, by using a software system to control the ore grinding process meet the requirements of different ore milling task.

The ball mill is a typical material grinder machine which widely used in the mineral processing plant, ball mill performs well in different material conditions either wet type grinding or dry type, and to grind the ores to a fine size.

Main ball mill components: cylinder, motor drive, grinding medium, shaft. The cylinder cavity is partial filling with the material to be ground and the metal grinding balls. When the large cylinder rotating and creating centrifugal force, the inner metal grinding mediums will be lifted to the predetermined height and then fall, the rock material will be ground under the gravity force and squeeze force of moving mediums. Feed material to be ground enters the cylinder through a hopper feeder on one end and after being crushed by the grinding medium is discharged at the other end.

Mining Equipment Manufacturers, Our Main Products: Gold Trommel, Gold Wash Plant, Dense Media Separation System, CIP, CIL, Ball Mill, Trommel Scrubber, Shaker Table, Jig Concentrator, Spiral Separator, Slurry Pump, Trommel Screen.

2480-150 invimec / fenn type 12-head fine wire/rod tandem rolling mill with high chromium steel rolls gold international machinery | the one stop shop for all of your machinery, equipment, tool & die needs

2480-150 invimec / fenn type 12-head fine wire/rod tandem rolling mill with high chromium steel rolls gold international machinery | the one stop shop for all of your machinery, equipment, tool & die needs

[ Mailing Address | Gold International Machinery, Corp | P.O. Box 998 Pawtucket, RI 02862 ] [ Physical Address: | 136 Newell Avenue | (corner of Thurston & Newell Sts.) | @Exit 26, Route 95 North | Pawtucket, RI USA 02860-0998 ] [ [email protected] | Toll Free: 1-800-619-GOLD | Phone: 401-724-3200 | Fax: 401-728-5770 ]

tubular rod mills - sciencedirect

tubular rod mills - sciencedirect

The designs of tubular mills loaded with steel rods along its length as the grinding medium are described in this chapter. Details of operation and computations of mill capacities and the power consumption are explained with illustrative practical examples and solution of problems useful for both understanding the process and its practical operation. The importance of rod mills in comminution circuits is explained by flow diagrams and sketches. Mathematical correlations of variables are explained with examples and worked solutions.

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